Thursday, December 20, 2018

Saint December 21 : Saint Peter Canisius : Patron of Catholic Press and Germany - #Deutschland

Born at Nimwegen in the Netherlands, 8 May, 1521;
Died in Fribourg, 21 November, 1597.
His father was the wealthy burgomaster, Jacob Canisius; his mother, Ægidia van Houweningen, died shortly after Peter's birth. In 1536 Peter was sent to Cologne, where he studied arts, civil law, and theology at the university; he spent a part of 1539 at the University of Louvain, and in 1540 received the degree of Master of Arts at Cologne. Nicolaus van Esche was his spiritual adviser, and he was on terms of friendship with such staunch Catholics as Georg of Skodborg (the expelled Archbishop of Lund), Johann Gropper (canon of the cathedral), Eberhard Billick (the Carmelite monk), Justus Lanspergius, and other Carthusian monks. Although his father desired him to marry a wealthy young woman, on 25 February, 1540 he pledged himself to celibacy. In 1543 he visited Peter Faber and, having made the "Spiritual Exercises" under his direction, was admitted into the Society of Jesus at Mainz, on 8 May. With the help of Leonhard Kessel and others, Canisius, labouring under great difficulties, founded at Cologne the first German house of the order; at the same time he preached in the city and vicinity, and debated and taught in the university. In 1546 he was admitted to the priesthood, and soon afterwards was sent by the clergy and university to obtain assistance from Emperor Charles V, the nuncio, and the clergy of Liège against the apostate Archbishop, Hermann von Wied, who had attempted to pervert the diocese. In 1547, as the theologian of Cardinal Otto Truchsess von Waldburg, Bishop of Augsburg, he participated in the general ecclesiastical council (which sat first at Trent and then at Bologna), and spoke twice in the congregation of the theologians. After this he spent several months under the direction of Ignatius in Rome. In 1548 he taught rhetoric at Messina, Sicily, preaching in Italian and Latin. At this time Duke William IV of Bavaria requested Paul III to send him some professors from the Society of Jesus for the University of Ingolstadt; Canisius was among those selected.
On 7 September, 1549, he made his solemn profession as Jesuit at Rome, in the presence of the founder of the order. On his journey northward he received, at Bologna, the degree of doctor of theology. On 13 November, accompanied by Fathers Jaius and Salmeron, he reached Ingolstadt, where he taught theology, catechized, and preached. In 1550 he was elected rector of the university, and in 1552 was sent by Ignatius to the new college in Vienna; there he also taught theology in the university, preached at the Cathedral of St. Stephen, and at the court of Ferdinand I, and was confessor at the hospital and prison. During Lent, 1553 he visited many abandoned parishes in Lower Austria, preaching and administering the sacraments. The king's eldest son (later Maximilian II) had appointed to the office of court preacher, Phauser, a married priest, who preached the Lutheran doctrine. Canisius warned Ferdinand I, verbally and in writing, and opposed Phauser in public disputations. . After long negotiations and preparations he was able to open Jesuit colleges at Ingolstadt and Prague. In the same year Ignatius appointed him first provincial superior of Upper Germany (Swabia, Bavaria, Bohemia, Hungary, Lower and Upper Austria). During the winter of 1556-57 he acted as adviser to the King of the Romans at the Diet of Ratisbon and delivered many sermons in the cathedral. By the appointment of the Catholic princes and the order of the pope he took part in the religious discussions at Worms. As champion of the Catholics he repeatedly spoke in opposition to Melanchthon. The fact that the Protestants disagreed among themselves and were obliged to leave the field was due in a great measure to Canisius. He also preached in the cathedral of Worms.
He spoke in keeping with the spirit of the age, explained the justification of man, Christian liberty, the proper way of interpreting the Scriptures, defended the worship of saints, the ceremonies of the Church, religious vows, indulgences. urged obedience to the Church authorities, confession, communion, fasting, and almsgiving; he censured the faults of the clergy, at times perhaps too sharply, as he felt that they were public and that he must avoid demanding reformation from the laity only. Against the influence of evil spirits he recommended the means of defence which had been in use in the Church during the first centuries—lively faith, prayer, ecclesiastical benedictions, and acts of penance.  In the cathedral, his confessional and the altar at which he said Mass were surrounded by crowds, and alms were placed on the altar.In 1559 he opened a college in Munich; in 1562 he appeared at Trent as papal theologian. The council was discussing the question whether communion should be administered under both forms to those of the laity who asked for it. Lainez, the general of the Society of Jesus, opposed it unconditionally. Canisius held that the cup might be administered to the Bohemians and to some Catholics whose faith was not very firm. After one month he departed from Trent, but he continued to support the work of the Fathers by urging the bishops to appear at the council, by giving expert opinion regarding the Index and other matters, by reports on the state of public opinion, and on newly-published books. In the spring of 1563 he rendered a specially important service to the Church; the emperor had come to Innsbruck (near Trent), and had summoned thither several scholars, including Canisius, as advisers. Some of these men fomented the displeasure of the emperor with the pope and the cardinals who presided over the council. For months Canisius strove to reconcile him with the Curia. He has been blamed unjustly for communicating to his general and to the pope's representatives some of Ferdinand's plans, which otherwise might have ended contrary to the intention of all concerned in the dissolution of the council and in a new national apostasy. The emperor finally granted all the pope's demands and the council was able to proceed and to end peacefully. All Rome praised Canisius, but soon after he lost favour with Ferdinand and was denounced as disloyal; at this time he also changed his views regarding the giving of the cup to the laity (in which the emperor saw a means of relieving all his difficulties), saying that such a concession would only tend to confuse faithful Catholics and to encourage the disobedience of the recalcitrant. In 1562 the College of Innsbruck was opened by Canisius, and at that time he acted as confessor to the "Queen" Magdalena (declared Venerable in 1906 by Pius X; daughter of Ferdinand I, who lived with her four sisters at Innsbruck), and as spiritual adviser to her sisters. At their request he sent them a confessor from the society, and, when Magdalena presided over the convent, which she had founded at Hall, he sent her complete directions for attaining Christian perfection. In 1563 he preached at many monasteries in Swabia; in 1564 he sent the first missionaries to Lower Bavaria, and recommended the provincial synod of Salzburg not to allow the cup to the laity, as it had authority to do; his advice, however, was not accepted. In this year Canisius opened a college at Dillingen and assumed, in the name of the order, the administration of the university which had been founded there by Cardinal Truchsess. In 1565 he took part in the Second General Congregation of the order in Rome. While in Rome he visited Philip, son of the Protestant philologist Joachim Camerarius, at that time a prisoner of the Inquisition, and instructed and consoled him. Pius IV sent him as his secret nuncio to deliver the decrees of the Council of Trent to Germany; the pope also commissioned him to urge their enforcement, to ask the Catholic princes to defend the Church at the coming diet, and to negotiate for the founding of colleges and seminaries. Canisius negotiated more or less successfully with the Electors of Mainz and Trier, with the bishops of Augsburg, Würzburg, Osnabrück, Münster, and Paderborn, with the Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, and with the City and University of Cologne; he also visited Nimwegen, preaching there and at other places; his mission, however, was interrupted by the death of the pope. Pius V desired its continuation, but Canisius requested to be relieved; he said that it aroused suspicions of espionage, of arrogance, and of interference in politics (for a detailed account of his mission see "Stimmen aus Maria-Laach", LXXI, 58, 164, 301).
In 1581 he founded a sodality of the Blessed Virgin among the citizens and, soon afterwards, sodalities for women and students; in 1582 schools were opened, and he preached in the parish church and in other places until 1589.
 The last years of his life he devoted to the instruction of converts, to making spiritual addresses to the brothers of the order, to writing and re-editing books. The city authorities ordered his body to be buried before the high altar of the principal church, the Church of St. Nicolaus, from which they were translated in 1625 to that of St. Michael, the church of the Jesuit College. ecclesiastical censures, and permission to give extraordinary absolutions and to dispense from the law of fasting. He also wished the Index to be modified that German confessors might be authorized to permit the reading of some books, but in his sermons he warned the faithful to abstain from reading such books without permission. At Cologne he requested the town council to forbid the printing or sale of books hostile to the Faith or immoral, and in the Tyrol had Archduke Ferdinand II suppress such books. He also advised Bishop Urban of Gurk, the court preacher of Ferdinand I, not to read so many Protestant books, but to study instead the Scriptures and the writings of the Fathers. At Nimwegen he searched the libraries of his friends, and burned all heretical books. In the midst of all these cares Canisius remained essentially a man of prayer; he was an ardent advocate of the Rosary and its sodalities. He was also one of the precursors of the modern devotion of the Sacred Heart. Shortened from the Catholic Encyclopedia

Breathtaking Silent Night by #PianoGuys and Placido Domingo in a Cathedral - #ViralVideo to SHARE

Placido Domingo and the Piano Guys made a Breathtaking version of “Silent Night” in the Cathedral Church of St. John the Divine, New York City. This Christmas hymn was composed in 1818 in Salzburg, Austria. 
Please SHARE this Beautiful tribute to Jesus' Birth!

Pope Francis at Mass "Nothing is impossible for God!” in #Advent #Homily

Pope Francis: The Annunciation revolutionizes history
During Mass celebrated at the Casa Santa Marta, the Pope reflects on the mystery of the Annunciation, the moment in which human history completely changes.
A passage from Luke's Gospel (Lk 1:26-38) that is "difficult to preach", in which the "God of surprises" changes man's destiny. This is what Pope Francis underlined during Mass celebrated in the chapel of the Casa Santa Marta.

“The passage from Luke’s Gospel that we have heard tells us the decisive moment in history, the most revolutionary. It is a turbulent situation, everything changes, history turns upside down. It is difficult to preach about this passage. And when at Christmas or on the day of the Annunciation we profess the faith to say this mystery we kneel down. It is the moment that everything changes, everything, from the root. Liturgically, today is the day of the root. The Antiphon that marks the meaning today is the root of Jesse, "from which a shoot will be born". God lowers himself, God enters history and does so in his original style: a surprise. The God of surprises surprises us (again).”

During his homily, the Pope re-reads Thursday’s Gospel so that the assembly can reflect on the significance of the Annunciation.
The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come down to you, and God’s power will come over you. So your child will be called the holy Son of God. Your relative Elizabeth is also going to have a son, even though she is old. No one thought she could ever have a baby, but in three months she will have a son. Nothing is impossible for God!” Mary said, “I am the Lord’s servant! Let it happen as you have said.” And the angel left her.

#BreakingNews Underground Catholic Convent of Nuns Demolished by Government in China - Please Pray

Nuns convent half demolished in Qiqihar (Video)
by Wang Zhicheng
The police intervened on the night between 18 and 19 December and forced the sisters to leave the building within an hour. The building is considered illegal and gathers an illegal community because it is underground. This morning, Bishop Wei Jingyi said that the sisters found another place to live.
Beijing (AsiaNews) - A nunnery in the city of Qiqihar (Gannan County, Heilongjiang Province) was semi-destroyed by law enforcement agencies. This morning, the bishop of the diocese, Msgr. Wei Jingyi, said that the nuns were able to convince the authorities to save a part of the building used as a chapel and as a residence. Other parts have been destroyed.
The demolition began two nights ago. At about 11 pm, the police entered the convent and ordered the nuns to leave in an hour. At Qiqihar the temperature in the evening drops to below zero. Meanwhile, some policemen and workers began to destroy window frames, doors, etc. The nuns had received the eviction notice in the morning and had managed to warn Msgr. Wei.
Demolition work continued throughout the day yesterday, while the bishop, some priests and faithful of the diocese tried to dialogue with the authorities to find a solution and a compromise. The nuns sent messages asking for prayers and support, along with videos showing the progress of the destruction.
According to the government, the whole building is an illegal construction and in addition it houses illegal religious gatherings. The community of nuns is in fact part of the underground community; the same bishop Wei Jingyi is not recognized by the government, although he has good relations with the authorities.
Some faithful point out that instead of seeking compromise, the police came with the immediate intention of destroying everything. They suspect the operation is designed to put pressure on the underground community to register under the government. This morning, Msgr. Wei announced that "the problem is solved" and that the sisters have found another place to live. Only a part of the semi-destroyed building will remain the property of the nuns.
FULL TEXT Release from Asia News IT

Today's Mass Readings and Video : Thursday December 20, 2018 - #Eucharist in #Advent


Thursday of the Third Week of Advent
Lectionary: 196

Reading 1IS 7:10-14

The LORD spoke to Ahaz:
Ask for a sign from the LORD, your God;
let it be deep as the nether world, or high as the sky!
But Ahaz answered,
"I will not ask! I will not tempt the LORD!"
Then Isaiah said:
Listen, O house of David!
Is it not enough for you to weary men,
must you also weary my God?
Therefore the Lord himself will give you this sign:
the virgin shall conceive and bear a son,
and shall name him Emmanuel.

Responsorial PsalmPS 24:1-2, 3-4AB, 5-6

R. (see 7c and 10b) Let the Lord enter; he is the king of glory.
The LORD's are the earth and its fullness;
the world and those who dwell in it.
For he founded it upon the seas
and established it upon the rivers.
R. Let the Lord enter; he is the king of glory.
Who can ascend the mountain of the LORD?
or who may stand in his holy place?
He whose hands are sinless, whose heart is clean,
who desires not what is vain.
R. Let the Lord enter; he is the king of glory.
He shall receive a blessing from the LORD,
a reward from God his savior.
Such is the race that seeks for him,
that seeks the face of the God of Jacob.
R. Let the Lord enter; he is the king of glory.

Alleluia

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
O Key of David,
opening the gates of God's eternal Kingdom:
come and free the prisoners of darkness!
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

GospelLK 1:26-38

In the sixth month,
the angel Gabriel was sent from God
to a town of Galilee called Nazareth,
to a virgin betrothed to a man named Joseph,
of the house of David,
and the virgin's name was Mary.
And coming to her, he said,
"Hail, full of grace! The Lord is with you."
But she was greatly troubled at what was said
and pondered what sort of greeting this might be.
Then the angel said to her,
"Do not be afraid, Mary,
for you have found favor with God.
Behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son,
and you shall name him Jesus.
He will be great and will be called Son of the Most High,
and the Lord God will give him the throne of David his father,
and he will rule over the house of Jacob forever,
and of his Kingdom there will be no end."

But Mary said to the angel,
"How can this be,
since I have no relations with a man?"
And the angel said to her in reply,
"The Holy Spirit will come upon you,
and the power of the Most High will overshadow you.
Therefore the child to be born
will be called holy, the Son of God.
And behold, Elizabeth, your relative,
has also conceived a son in her old age,
and this is the sixth month for her who was called barren;
for nothing will be impossible for God."

Mary said, "Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord.
May it be done to me according to your word."
Then the angel departed from her.

Pope Francis "...the call to be friends of Jesus, to know him better and better, to meet him every day in prayer..." FULL TEXT


GREETING OF THE HOLY FATHER FRANCIS
TO THE CHILDREN OF ITALIAN CATHOLIC ACTION

Hall of the Consistory
Thursday, December 20th 2017


Dear boys and girls of the ACR (Acierre),

It's always nice to meet you near Christmas - to hear "one, two, three!" -. I greet you with affection. I also greet those who accompany you: the National President of Italian Catholic Action, Dr. Matteo Truffelli, the Assistant General, Mons. Gualtiero Sigismondi, your educators and all those who collaborate at the national level. It is a gift of God, to which we always thank, the fact of having adults, priests and laity, who are so concerned with your human and Christian formation; and therefore you must pray for them, so that they may have wisdom and patience to do this service well!

I know that this year your formation journey is centered on the theme of the encounter between Jesus and the two sisters Martha and Mary of Bethany, as narrated by the evangelist Luke. Starting from this episode, you and the other children of all the Italian dioceses are rediscovering the call to be friends of Jesus, to know him better and better, to meet him every day in prayer, in order to be his missionaries. It is about transmitting a beautiful announcement, a message of salvation to your peers, and also to adults. And what is this message? May we all be loved by the Lord: this is the true and great, good news that God has given to the world with the coming of his Son Jesus among us. All of us are loved by the Lord. He loves us! All together and one by one. This is nice!

I am happy that, together with the formative journey, always carry forward a gesture, an initiative of charity. This year is intended to support the right to food and the dignity of those who work the land. I really appreciate this choice, and I encourage it.

And then I thank you for your gift that will go to Apostolic Apostles, a very useful thing, that is, the products that will be used for the personal hygiene of many poor people. Thanks for thinking about this!

Dear children, at Christmas, once again, Jesus wants to be born in you, in your heart, to give you the true joy that no one can take away from you. And you, offer this joy to the other boys who live in situations of suffering, moments of difficulty, especially those you see more alone and perhaps mistreated. Be with all generous "channels" of goodness and welcome, to build a more fraternal, more supportive, more Christian world.

I wish a happy and holy Christmas to you, to your families and to all of Catholic Action. I bless you heartily and ask you to please pray for me. Do not forget, please. Thank you!

#Novena for Christmas - OFFICIAL - with Indulgence - SHARE


Opening Prayer:
V. O God, come to my assistance.
R. O Lord, make haste to help me.
Glory be to the Father and to
the Son and to the Holy Spirit,
as it was in the beginning, is now
and ever shall be, world without
end.Amen. 
Our Father, Who art in heaven
Hallowed be Thy Name;
Thy kingdom come,
Thy will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread,
and forgive us our trespasses,
as we forgive those who trespass against us;
and lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil. Amen.
Day 4 Prayers
O Jesus, living in Mary, come and live in your servants,
in the spirit of your holiness,
in the fullness of your power,
in the reality of your virtues,
in the perfection of your ways,
in the communion of your mysteries.
Have dominion over every adverse power,
in your own Spirit,
to the glory of God the Father.
Amen.(Jean Jaques Olier, SS)

The Holy Nativity.
O most sweet infant Jesus, born of the Virgin Mary in
Bethlehem, wrapped in poor swaddling clothes, laid
in the manger, glorified by angels, and visited by
shepherds. 
Have mercy on us.
Have mercy on us, 0 Lord. Have mercy on us.
O Jesus born of Virgin bright,
Immortal glory be to thee;
Praise to the Father infinite,
And Holy Ghost eternally.
Christ is at hand. O come, let us worship him.
Hail Mary...
Amen.
FROM THE RACCOLTA OFFICIAL
NOVENA PREPARATORY TO CHRISTMAS In order to the devout preparation of ourselves for the glorious Birthday of our most loving Saviour, Jesus Christ, which the holy Church recalls to our memory every year on the 25th of December, and at the same time to render Him thanks for this great benefit, Pope Pius VII., by a Rescript of the Segretaria of the Memorials, dated August 12th, 1815 (which said Rescript is preserved in the Segretaria of the Vicariate), granted to all faithful Christians who, being contrite in heart, should prepare themselves for that great solemnity by a novena, consisting of pious exercises, prayers, acts of virtue, &c. -
i. An indulgence of 300 days each day of the said novena, and -
ii. A plenary indulgence to be gained on Christmas day, or on some day in its octave, by those who, after Confession and Communion, shall have made the said novena every day, and who shall pray according to the intentions of the Sovereigns Pontiff: and note that the Confession and Communion may be made on  any one of the days of the said novena, provided the novena is correctly kept. This was declared by Pope Pius VIII., of holy memory, by means of the S. Congr. of Indulgences, July 9, 1830. These indulgences were extended by the above-named Pius VII. to one other time in the year, besides the the specified, when any one should make the aforesaid novena in honour of the Child Jesus.


Day 1: http://jceworld.blogspot.ca/2013/12/official-novena-for-christmas-day-1.html