Monday, February 18, 2019

Saint February 19 : St. Conrad of Piacenza : Patron of Cure for Hernias

Born:
1290, Piacenza, Province of Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Died:
February 19, 1351, Noto, Province of Syracuse, Sicily, Italy
Patron of:
cure of hernias




CONFESSOR

Hermit of the Third Order of St. Francis, date of birth uncertain; died at Noto in Sicily, 19 February, 1351. He belonged to one of the noblest families of Piacenza, and having married when he was quite young, led a virtuous and God-fearing life. On one occasion, when he was engaged in his usual pastime of hunting, he ordered his attendants to fire some brushwood in which game had taken refuge. The prevailing wind caused the flames to spread rapidly, and the surrounding fields and forest were soon in a state of conflagration. A mendicant, who happened to be found near the place where the fire had originated, was accused of being the author. He was imprisoned, tried, and condemned to death. As the poor man was being led to execution, Conrad, stricken with remorse, made open confession of his guilt; and in order to repair the damage of which he had been the cause, was obliged to sell all his possessions. Thus reduced to poverty, Conrad retired to a lonely hermitage some distance from Piacenza, while his wife entered the Order of Poor Clares. Later he went to Rome, and thence to Sicily, where for thirty years he lived a most austere and penitential life and worked numerous miracles. He is especially invoked for the cure of hernia. In 1515 Leo X permitted the town of Noto to celebrate his feast, which permission was later extended by Urban VIII to the whole Order of St. Francis. Though bearing the title of saint, Conrad was never formally canonized. His feast is kept in the Franciscan Order on 19 February.

(Taken from Catholic Encyclopedia)
Prayer to St. Conrad: 
Almighty God,
You attracted Saint Conrad through his zeal for justice to serve You faithfully in the desert.
Through his prayers may we live justly and piously, and happily succeed in coming to You.
Amen.
Grant, we beseech Thee, O Lord, that as Thou wert pacified by the penance of Blessed Conrad, so we may imitate his example and blot out the stains of our sins by crucifying our flesh. Through Christ our Lord. Amen. 

#BreakingNews Spanish Missionary Catholic Priest Killed in Burkina Faso by Jihadis - Please Pray

A Spanish Catholic priest, aged 72-years-old. was killed by jihadis in Burkina Faso, Africa.
Antonio Cesar Fernandez, a Salesian missionary priest, was killed in a jihadi attack.
A Spanish priest and four customs officers were killed during an attack by alleged jihadists in Burkina Faso, sources said.
"The Spanish Salesian Antonio Cesar Fernandez was assassinated during a jihadist attack between Togo and Burkina Faso," the Salesians of Don Bosco order said in a statement posted Friday on Twitter.

Four customs officers killed along with the priest.

Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez said Saturday on Twitter
 "all my affection for the family and colleagues of missionary Antonio Cesar Fernandez and all the victims of the terror attack in Burkina Faso".

A local security source said the attack was performed by "a group of around 20 gunmen who then fled into a wooded zone".
Over 300 people have been killed in the country in four years of jihadist attacks, according to AFP.

#BreakingNews Vatican Releases Details on Abuse Summit - Abp. Scicluna says "...silence unacceptable" - FULL Video


Protection of Minors: Abp. Scicluna says silence unacceptable
A Press Conference at the Holy See Press Office presents the “Protection of Minors in the Church" Meeting, which will take place in the Vatican, between 21 and 24 February 2019.
Vatican News - By Barbara Castelli

Archbishop Charles J. Scicluna is Adjunct Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, and a member of the Organizing Committee for the “Protection of Minors in the Church" Meeting. During Monday’s Press Conference to present the Meeting, he made it clear that the event is part of a journey the Church undertook some time ago. It is important it create the right conditions for there to be a concrete "follow up", he said.

The Bishops will return to their dioceses to continue the work, drawing up "procedures", being more aware of their responsibilities. When it comes to "protecting innocence", insisted the Archbishop, "we must not give up": we need to seek ever more adequate solutions to the problem, so that "the Church may be a safe place for everyone, especially children". Archbishop Scicluna also spoke of the "expectations" around this meeting, specifying that they need to be "reasonable". Not all the problems can be solved in three days, he said. Answering journalists’ questions, the Archbishop said it is important we move away from “the code of silence”, because silence is unacceptable, he added.

Transparency
Cardinal Blase J. Cupich is Archbishop of Chicago, and also a member of the Organizing Committee. He too replied to questions from the many journalists at the press conference, speaking of a "new dawn as far as transparency is concerned". The Cardinal made it clear that the Bishops present, for the most part Presidents of Episcopal Conferences, must clearly understand their responsibilities in this regard, and that a precise "program of safeguarding" can prevent a repetition of what happened in the past. Cardinal Cupich pointed out that many of those who will be taking part in the Vatican Meeting have met with victims, as requested by Pope Francis himself, and that each one carries “the wounds" of those who have suffered abuse by members of the Church, in their heart.

A global response
Fr. Federico Lombardi SJ is President of the Joseph Ratzinger-Benedict XVI Foundation and Moderator of the Vatican Meeting. During the Press Conference, he illustrated how the three days of discussion will each be devoted to a specific topic: “Responsibility, Accountability, and Transparency”. The 190 participants present in the Vatican Synod Hall will hear three reports a day, from Thursday through Saturday. Three of these will be given by women, and all nine interventions will be followed by a question and answer session. Participants will also be broken up into working groups according to language. There will be testimonies from survivors and moments of prayer, at the beginning and end of each day. Pope Francis will open the Meeting with an introductory speech on Thursday morning, and close it on Sunday with a discourse after Mass. The Eucharistic celebration will take place in the Sala Regia at 9.30 am and Archbishop Mark Coleridge, President of the Australian Bishops' Conference, will preach the homily.

A Penitential Liturgy will take place on Saturday afternoon, and will be broadcast live by Vatican News, as will the Mass on Sunday. According to Fr. Lombardi, members of the Organizing Committee will also meet privately with representatives of the victims and survivors’ associations.

Information on the Meeting
The official website of the “Protection of Minors in the Church” Meeting is www.pbc2019.org and will remain active even after the Meeting is over, as a "tool for developing future initiatives". Fr. Hans Zollner SJ is President of the Center for Child Protection at the Pontifical Gregorian University. He is also a member of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors and the contact person of the Organizing Committee. At the Press Conference, he illustrated the website, which he said will be updated regularly. Finally, Sr. Bernadette Reis, Assistant to the interim Director of the Holy See Press Office, presented the digital press kit that has been made available to support and assist journalists and media representatives with their work.
FULL TEXT Release from Vatican News va
Video Conference Starts at 10:30

Pope Francis "Where is your brother who is hungry?" the Lord asks us. - Homily


Pope at Mass: “Where is your brother?”
Reflecting on the episode of Cain and Abel in the Bible, Pope Francis in his homily at Mass on Monday said we are asked many uncomfortable questions regarding our brothers.
Vatican News

“Where is your brother?”  This is the question that God asks each one of us in our hearts regarding our brother who is sick, in prison or hungry.   Pope Francis made this the reflection of his homily at Mass, Monday morning, in the chapel of the Casa Santa Marta in the Vatican. 

Commenting on the episode of Cain and Abel in the first reading from the Book of Genesis, the Pope explained that mankind, like Cain, often attempts to reply to God’s uncomfortable and embarrassing questions with regard to our neighbours.  “What have I got to do with my brother's life? Am I his keeper? I wash my hands of him….”   The Pope explained that Cain, who killed his brother, tries to escape the gaze of God.

Uncomfortable questions
The Pope went on to explain how Jesus also asked such uncomfortable questions.  He asked Peter three times whether he loved Him.  He asked his disciples what people said about Him and what they themselves thought about Him.

Pope Francis said today the Lord asks each one of us some personal questions such as these:

"Where is your brother who is hungry?" the Lord asks us.  And to save our skin, we answer, “Surely he is at lunch with the parish Caritas group that is feeding him.” 
“What about the other, the sick…?"  “Oh well, he is in the hospital!"   "But there's no place in the hospital! And did you give him any medicine? "  "But, that’s his business, I cannot meddle in the life of others ... and besides, he will have relatives who give him medicine ".  And so I wash my hands of him.

"Where is your brother, the prisoner?"  "Ah, he deserves and is paying for it.”  We are tired of seeing so many criminals on the street.

Perhaps, the Pope said, you never hear such answers from the Lord.  “Where is your brother, your exploited brother, the one who works illegally, nine months a year… with no security, no holiday ...?"

Name and face of a brother
The Holy Father urged each one to put a name to each one of those that the Lord mentions in Chapter 25 of Matthew’s Gospel -   the sick, the hungry, the thirsty, without clothes, the little one who cannot go to school, the drug addict, the prisoner ... where is he?

The Pope said questions are constantly being asked of us. “Where is your brother in your heart? Is there room for these people in our hearts? Or do we try to calm our conscience by giving some alms?”

"We are accustomed,” he said, “to giving compromising answers in order to escape from the problem, not to see the problem, not to touch the problem".
Pope Francis said that unless we put names to the list in Matthew’s Gospel Chapter 25, we will create  “a dark life” for us with sin crouching at our door, waiting to enter and destroy us.

When God asked Adam in the Book of Genesis, “Adam, where are you?" - Adam hid himself out of shame.   Perhaps we don’t notice these things, these sufferings, these pains, the Pope said and urged Christians not to hide from reality but to answer openly, faithfully and joyfully to the questions that the Lord asks us about our brothers.
FULL TEXT Source: Vatican News va

President Trump meets with Abortion Survivor and Dr. Alveda King and Called Pro-Life Leaders

On Valentine's Day President Trump met with several pro-life advocates. Most importantly he met with abortion survivor Melissa Ohden and the pro-life niece of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. - Dr. Alveda King. 
Melissa Ohden reported to LifeNews.com on the event saying: 
“On behalf of the 269 survivors that I’ve connected with through my work, I just want to thank you for all you do for life.” 
These are the words that I spoke to President Trump as I shook his hand in the Oval Office on February 14th, 2019. Although our time with President Trump was limited, I had the great opportunity to share with him that I survived a late-term abortion, and then sit in on his phone call to pro-life and faith leaders from across the nation.  If you were part of that call, you know that President Trump voiced his ongoing commitment to life, condemned the legislation being passed across the nation that’s aggressively anti-life, and he also denounced Virginia Governor Northam’s comments on infanticide.
Melissa Ohden also explained in her article for LifeNews:
"....this is just the first step in having survivors acknowledged, included, and supported by the Trump administration and maybe even our greater culture.


Dr. Alveda King, niece of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was also present she is the founder of King for America, Inc., consultant to the Africa Humanitarian Christian Fellowship and Pastoral Associate and Director of African-American Outreach for Priests for Life and Gospel of Life Ministries.
Dr. King wrote in an article for CNS News:
With compassion and assurance, President Trump spoke to thousands of Americans from the Oval Office yesterday: “Thank you very much, and I want to thank all the 1,000s of pro-lifers and pro-life leaders, pastors, families and advocates for joining this call and for working with such love and devotion to build a culture that cherishes human life.”

Alveda King was very moved by the meeting and exhorted everyone writing:  "Let’s do something different today. Let’s pray for America, and join President Trump in his compassion for the least of these exemplified in his speech yesterday. Let’s choose adoption as an option to abortion. Let’s insist that our elected officials not support infanticide."
Image source Share from Facebook - Dr. Alveda King

Quote to SHARE by St. Padre Pio "Always remain close to the Catholic Church, because it alone can give you true peace, since it alone possesses Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament, the true Prince of Peace."


"Always remain close to the Catholic Church, because it alone can give you true peace, since it alone possesses Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament, the true Prince of Peace."
Saint Padre Pio

Short History of the Church's Measures to Prevent Abuse before Vatican Meeting on Protection of Minors

FULL TEXT by Vatican News:
Protection of minors in the Church: Not Year Zero
On the eve of the "Protection of Minors in the Church" Meeting, we retrace the steps already taken by the Popes, the Vatican and local Churches, in the struggle to protect minors from clerical sex abuse.
By Fabio Colagrande

The "Protection of Minors in the Church" Meeting, to be held in the Vatican from 21 to 24 February, is the first to involve all the Presidents of Episcopal Conferences and those responsible for religious orders worldwide. This meeting of Church pastors has unprecedented “synodal” characteristics and is the first to address the issue of abuse from a Gospel perspective. The Meeting also shows how, in the present historical context, the fight against the scourge of abuse committed by members of the clergy, is a priority for Pope Francis. Listening to victims, raising awareness, increasing knowledge, developing new norms and procedures, sharing good practices: these are some of the objectives of the Meeting.

A stage in a long journey

However, the Meeting is not the first step taken in this direction by the Holy See, or by Episcopal Conferences. It is an historic stage in a journey undertaken by the Catholic Church for over thirty years, in countries like Canada, the United States, Ireland and Australia, and for the past ten years in Europe. This journey will continue after the Vatican Meeting. The renewal of canonical norms for cases of abuse of minors by members of the clergy, began in the Vatican eighteen years ago. Over the last twenty years, the Popes have dedicated countless gestures, speeches and documents to this painful subject. The publication of norms and protocols has not always produced the change of mentality necessary to combat abuse. But on the eve of this Meeting, called for by the Pope, we certainly cannot speak of "Year Zero" in the Church's commitment to the protection of minors.

First steps: Canada, USA, Ireland and Australia

In 1987, the Canadian Bishops’ Conferences became one of the first in the world to issue directives regarding sexual violence against minors in the context of the Church. Reports of abuse against minors by members of the clergy had shaken public opinion. In 1989, the Church in Canada set up an ad hoc committee, which published the document "From suffering to hope", in 1992. The document contains 50 "Recommendations" addressed to Catholics, Bishops and those responsible for training priests.

The United States Bishops’ Conference first officially dealt with sexual abuse against minors by members of the clergy, during its Assembly of June 1992. That was when it established "Five Principles". These include the fact that, "if the accusation is supported by sufficient evidence", the alleged offender must be “promptly relieved of his ministerial duties" and be referred to “suitable judgment” and “medical intervention". Despite this document, accusations of sexual abuse of minors by members of the clergy continued to increase, culminating in the historic investigation by the Boston Globe newspaper. In April 2002, Pope St John Paul II called the American Cardinals to Rome.

In 1994, the Church in Ireland established the Irish Catholic Bishops' Advisory Committee on Child Sexual Abuse by Priests and Religious, which issued its first Report in December of the following year. Meanwhile, the Church in Australia published one of the first protocols in the world on how to deal with cases of child sex abuse committed by members of the clergy at the diocesan level. In December 1996, the document "Towards Healing", was approved for all Australian dioceses and became operational in March 1997.

New canonical norms: "delicta graviora" abuses

Starting in the 21st century, the Holy See, thanks especially to the efforts of then-Cardinal Ratzinger, later Pope Benedict XVI, began and completed a profound renewal of canonical norms for intervening in cases of abuse. These included updating penalties, procedures, and competences. In 2001, the Motu Proprio “Sacramentorum sanctitatis tutela”, of Pope St John Paul II, included the crime of sexual abuse of minors by the clergy among the so-called "most serious crimes", which would be judged by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. In 2010, Pope Benedict XVI had the same Congregation publish the new "Norms concerning the most serious crimes" that accelerated procedures by introducing the "extrajudicial decree", extending the statute of limitations from ten to twenty years, and including the crime of "pedophile pornography". The Church in Germany published its first "Guidelines" on the subject in 2002. But in 2010, the case of the Jesuit Canisius College in Berlin prompted the German Bishops’ Conference to renew the guidelines and to increase collaboration with the authorities.

Ireland: the Ryan and Murphy Reports

In 2009 in Ireland, after years of work by special government commissions, the Ryan Report on Abuse in the School System, and the Murphy Report on Child Abuse in the Archdiocese of Dublin, were published. The reports highlighted the shortcomings with which the Church had handled cases of abuse, and prompted Pope Benedict XVI to summon the Irish bishops to Rome. In March 2010, the Pope published a "Pastoral Letter" addressed to all Catholics of Ireland. In the letter, he asked for truly evangelical, just and effective measures to be taken in response to this betrayal of trust, and he arranged an Apostolic Visitation to the country, from November 2010 to March 2012. Starting in 2008, Pope Benedict XVI began meeting regularly with victims of abuse during his apostolic journeys to the USA, Australia, Great Britain, Malta and Germany. Pope Francis has continued to do the same, including frequent private meetings at his residence in Santa Marta.

Guidelines for Episcopal Conferences

Another important step in this process was the publication in May 2011, by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, of a Circular Letter requesting all Episcopal Conferences to draw up "Guidelines" for dealing with cases of abuse, assisting victims, and providing guidance towards harmonizing the action of dioceses of the same region. The text states that responsibility for dealing with crimes of sexual abuse by clerics lies primarily with the diocesan Bishop.

The Gregorian Symposium

In order to help Episcopal Conferences and Religious Congregations adequately prepare the "Guidelines", the Holy See encouraged the organization of an International Symposium "Towards Healing and Renewal" which took place at the Pontifical Gregorian University in February 2012. The Symposium had the same international aim as that of the upcoming Meeting of February 2019, insofar as it involved representatives of 110 Episcopal Conferences and Superiors of 35 religious Institutes. The Symposium concluded with the announcement of the creation of a Center for the Protection of Minors, directed by Fr. Hans Zollner SJ, at the Gregorian University, in order to train specialized personnel in abuse prevention.

The new Pontifical Commission

The first important step in preventing and combating abuse under the pontificate of Pope Francis was the establishment of the new Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors in December 2013. Part of the Commission’s work includes establishing a model for the "Guidelines", organizing courses for newly appointed Bishops, and preparing a Day of Prayer for victims of abuse.

Pope Francis also introduced canonical innovations, regulations and procedures in the field of abuse. The first was in June 2016, with the Motu Proprio "As a loving mother". This regards the issue of accountability of ecclesiastical authorities. It calls for the removal from office of Bishops considered 'negligent' in their management of sexual abuse of minors, according to established canonical procedures.

In November 2014, the Pope established a College within the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, to examine ecclesiastical appeals for judgments on the subject of "most serious crimes", and entrusted it to Archbishop Charles Scicluna. The objective being to ensure a more rapid examination of cases of abuse of minors.

In order to underline how the Church's commitment to the protection of minors moves in a perspective that is not only internal but also of collaboration with the whole of society, Pope Francis supported and promoted the International Congress, “Child Dignity in the Digital World”, organized at the Pontifical Gregorian University in October 2017.

Combatting abuse and clericalism

During his Apostolic Journey to Chile, in January 2018, Pope Francis had to face the scandal of divisions created in the local Church by the case of Fr. Fernando Karadima, found guilty of abuse by the Holy See in 2011. After an investigation entrusted to Archbishop Scicluna in February, the Pope wrote to the Chilean bishops in April recognizing "serious errors of assessment and perception of the situation for lack of true information”. Then, in May, he summoned all the Chilean Bishops to Rome for a meeting that ended with all of them offering their resignations to the Pope. Only a few were accepted.

This context generated the most recent pastoral documents dedicated to the subject by Pope Francis. In his "Letter to the People of God on the Road to Chile" of May 2018, the Pope thanks victims of abuse for their courage and calls for the commitment of all the People of God to combat the clericalism at the root of the abuse. Again, in his "Letter to the People of God" of August 2018, Pope Francis connects sexual abuse, abuse of power and abuse of conscience: “To say ‘no’ to abuse is to say an emphatic ‘no’ to all forms of clericalism”. During his trip to Ireland for the World Meeting of Families, in August 2018, Pope Francis spoke of the failure of Church authorities in dealing adequately with “these repugnant crimes" which "rightly arouse indignation and remain a cause of suffering and shame for the Catholic community".

Today's Mass Readings and Video : Monday, February 18, 2019 - #Eucharist


Monday of the Sixth Week in Ordinary Time
Lectionary: 335

Reading 1GN 4:1-15, 25

The man had relations with his wife Eve,
and she conceived and bore Cain, saying,
“I have produced a man with the help of the LORD.”
Next she bore his brother Abel.
Abel became a keeper of flocks, and Cain a tiller of the soil.
In the course of time Cain brought an offering to the LORD
from the fruit of the soil,
while Abel, for his part,
brought one of the best firstlings of his flock.
The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering,
but on Cain and his offering he did not.
Cain greatly resented this and was crestfallen.
So the LORD said to Cain:
“Why are you so resentful and crestfallen.
If you do well, you can hold up your head;
but if not, sin is a demon lurking at the door:
his urge is toward you, yet you can be his master.”

Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let us go out in the field.”
When they were in the field,
Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.
Then the LORD asked Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?”
He answered, “I do not know.
Am I my brother’s keeper?”
The LORD then said:  “What have you done!
Listen: your brother’s blood cries out to me from the soil!
Therefore you shall be banned from the soil
that opened its mouth to receive
your brother’s blood from your hand.
If you till the soil, it shall no longer give you its produce.
You shall become a restless wanderer on the earth.”
Cain said to the LORD:  “My punishment is too great to bear.
Since you have now banished me from the soil,
and I must avoid your presence
and become a restless wanderer on the earth,
anyone may kill me at sight.”
“Not so!” the LORD said to him.
“If anyone kills Cain, Cain shall be avenged sevenfold.”
So the LORD put a mark on Cain, lest anyone should kill him at sight.

Adam again had relations with his wife,
and she gave birth to a son whom she called Seth.
“God has granted me more offspring in place of Abel,” she said,
“because Cain slew him.”

Responsorial Psalm PS 50:1 AND 8, 16BC-17, 20-21

R. (14a)  Offer to God a sacrifice of praise.
God the LORD has spoken and summoned the earth,
from the rising of the sun to its setting.
“Not for your sacrifices do I rebuke you,
for your burnt offerings are before me always.”
R. Offer to God a sacrifice of praise.
“Why do you recite my statutes,
and profess my covenant with your mouth
Though you hate discipline
and cast my words behind you?”
R. Offer to God a sacrifice of praise.
“You sit speaking against your brother;
against your mother’s son you spread rumors.
When you do these things, shall I be deaf to it?
Or do you think that I am like yourself?
I will correct you by drawing them up before your eyes.”
R. Offer to God a sacrifice of praise.

AlleluiaJN 14:6

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
I am the way and the truth and the life, says the Lord;
no one comes to the Father except through me.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

GospelMK 8:11-13

The Pharisees came forward and began to argue with Jesus,
seeking from him a sign from heaven to test him.
He sighed from the depth of his spirit and said,
“Why does this generation seek a sign?
Amen, I say to you, no sign will be given to this generation.”
Then he left them, got into the boat again,
and went off to the other shore.

Saint February 18 : St. Simeon of Jerusalem : Bishop and Martyr

St. Simon of Jerusalem
BISHOP, MARTYR
Died:
106 or 107 AD, Jerusalem
=
ST. SIMEON was the son of Cleophas, otherwise called Alpheus, brother to St. Joseph, and of Mary, sister to the Blessed Virgin. He was therefore nephew both to St. Joseph and to the Blessed Virgin, and cousin to Our Saviour. We cannot doubt but that he was ail early follower of Christ, and that he received the Holy Ghost on the day of Pentecost, with the Blessed Virgin and the apostles. When the Jews massacred St. James the Lesser,his brother Simeon reproached them for their atrocious cruelty. St. James, Bishop of Jerusalem, being put to death in the year 62, twenty-nine years after Our Saviour's Resurrection, the apostles and disciples met at Jerusalem to appoint him a successor. They unanimously chose St. Simeon, who had probably before assisted his brother in the government of that Church.
In the year 66, in which Sts. Peter and Paul suffered martyrdom at Rome, the civil war began in Judea, by the seditions of the Jews against the Romans. The Christians in Jerusalem were warned by God of the impending destruction of that city. They therefore departed out of it the same year,—before Vespasian, Nero's general, and afterwards emperor, entered Judea,—and retired beyond Jordan to a small city called Pella, having St. Simeon at their head. After the taking and burning of Jerusalem they returned thither again, and settled themselves amidst its ruins, till Adrian afterwards entirely razed it. The Church here flourished, and multitudes of Jews were converted by the great number of prodigies and miracles wrought in it.
Vespasian and Domitian had commanded all to be put to death who were of the race of David. St. Simeon had escaped their searches; but, Trajan having given the same order, certain heretics and Jews accused the Saint, as being both of the race of David and a Christian, to Atticus, the Roman governor in Palestine. The holy bishop was condemned to be crucified. After having undergone the usual tortures during several days, which, though one hundred and twenty years old, he suffered with so much patience that he drew on him a universal admiration, and that of Atticus in particular, he died in 107. He must have governed the Church of Jerusalem about forty-three years.
(Taken from Lives of the Saints, by Alban Butler)