Tuesday, September 3, 2019

Saint September 4 : St. Boniface I a Pope who Died in 422

St. Boniface I
POPE
Feast: September 4
Information: Feast Day: September 4
Died: September 4, 422
Elected 28 December, 418; d. at Rome, 4 September, 422. Little is known of his life antecedent to his election. The "Liber Pontificalis" calls him a Roman, and the son of the presbyter Jocundus. He is believed to have been ordained by Pope Damasus I (366-384) and to have served as representative of Innocent I at Constantinople (c. 405).
At he death of Pope Zosimus, the Roman Church entered into the fifth of the schisms, resulting from double papal elections, which so disturbed her peace during the early centuries. Just after Zosimus's obsequies, 27 December, 418, a faction of the Roman clergy consisting principally of deacons seized the Lateran basilica and elected as pope the Archdeacon Eulalius. The higher clergy tried to enter, but were violently repulsed by a mob of adherents of the Eulalian party. On the following day they met in the church of Theodora and elected as pope, much against his will, the aged Boniface, a priest highly esteemed for his charity, learning, and good character. On Sunday, 29 December, both were consecrated, Boniface in the Basilica of St. Marcellus, supported by nine provincial bishops and some seventy priests; Eulalius in the Lateran basilica in the presence of the deacons, a few priests and the Bishop of Ostia, who was summoned from his sickbed to assist at the ordination. Each claimant proceeded to act as pope, and Rome was thrown into tumultuous confusion by the clash of the rival factions. The Prefect of Rome, Symmachus, hostile to Boniface, reported the trouble to the Emperor Honorius at Ravenna, and secured the imperial confirmation of Eulalius's election. Boniface was expelled from the city. His adherents, however, secured a hearing from the emperor who called a synod of Italian bishops at Ravenna to meet the rival popes and discuss the situation (February, March, 419). Unable to reach a decision, the synod made a few practical provisions pending a general council of Italian, Gaulish, and African bishops to be convened in May to settle the difficulty. It ordered both claimants to leave Rome until a decision was reached and forbade return under penalty of condemnation. As Easter, 30 March, was approaching, Achilleus, Bishop of Spoleto, was deputed to conduct the paschal services in the vacant Roman See. Boniface was sent, it seems, to the cemetery of St. Felicitas on the Via Salaria, and Eulalius to Antium. On 18 March, Eulalius boldly returned to Rome, gathered his partisans, stirred up strife anew, and spurning the prefect's orders to leave the city, seized the Lateran basilica on Holy Saturday (29 March), determined to preside at the paschal ceremonies. The imperial troops were required to dispossess him and make it possible for Achilleus to conduct the services. The emperor was deeply indignant at these proceedings and refusing to consider again the claims of Eulalius, recognizedBoniface as legitimate pope (3 April, 418). The latter re-entered Rome 10 April and was acclaimed by the people. Eulalius was madeBishop either of Nepi in Tuscany or of some Campanian see, according to the conflicting data of the sources of the "Liber Pontificalis". The schism had lasted fifteen weeks. Early in 420, the pope's critical illness encouraged the artisans of Eulalius to make another effort. On his recovery Boniface requested the emperor (1 July, 420) to make some provision against possible renewal of the schism in the event of his death. Honorius enacted a law providing that, in contested Papal elections, neither claimant should be recognized and a new election should be held.
Boniface's reign was marked by great zeal and activity in disciplinary organization and control. He reversed his predecessor's policy of endowing certain Western bishops with extraordinary papal vicariate powers. Zosimus had given to Patroclus, Bishop of Arles, extensive jurisdiction in the provinces of Vienna and Narbonne, and had made him an intermediary between these provinces and the Apostolic See. Boniface diminished these primatial rights and restored the metropolitan powers of the chief bishops of provinces. Thus he sustained Hilary, Archbishop of Narbonne, in his choice of a bishop of the vacant See of Lodeve, against Patroclus, who tried to intrude another (422). So, too, he insisted that Maximus, Bishop of Valence, should be tried for his alleged crimes, not by a primate, but by a synod of the bishops of Gaul, and promised to sustain their decision (419). Boniface succeeded to Zosimus's difficulties with the African Church regarding appeals to Rome and, in particular, the case of Apiarius. The Council of Carthage, having heard the representations of Zosimus's legates, sent to Boniface on 31 May, 419, a letter in reply to the commonitorium of his predecessor. It stated that the council had been unable to verify the canons which the legates had quoted as Nicene, but which were later found to be Sardican. It agreed, however, to observe them until verification could be established. This letter is often cited in illustration of the defiant attitude of theAfrican Church to the Roman See. An unbiased study of it, however, must lead to no more extreme conclusion than that of Dom Chapman: "it was written in considerable irritation, yet in a studiously moderate tone" (Dublin Review. July, 1901, 109-119). TheAfricans were irritated at the insolence of Boniface's legates and incensed at being urged to obey laws which they thought were not consistently enforced at Rome. This they told Boniface in no uncertain language; yet, far from repudiating his authority, they promised to obey the suspected laws thus recognizing the pope's office as guardian of the Church's discipline. In 422 Boniface received the appeal of Anthony of Fussula who, through the efforts of St. Augustine, had been deposed by a provincial synod of Numidia, and decided that he should be restored if his innocence be established. Boniface ardently supported St. Augustine in combating Pelagianism. Having received two Pelagian letters calumniating Augustine, he sent them to him. In recognition of this solicitude Augustine dedicated to Boniface his rejoinder contained in "Contra duas Epistolas Pelagianoruin Libri quatuor".
In the East he zealously maintained his jurisdiction over the ecclesiastical provinces of Illyricurn, of which the Patriarch of Constantinople was trying to secure control on account of their becoming a part of the Eastern empire. The Bishop of Thessalonica had been constituted papal vicar in this territory, exercising jurisdiction over the metropolitans and bishops. By letters to Rufus, the contemporary incumbent of the see, Boniface watched closely over the interests of the Illyrian church and insisted on obedience to Rome. In 421 dissatisfaction expressed by certain malcontents among the bishops, on account of the pope's refusal to confirm the election of Perigines as Bishop of Corinth unless the candidate was recognized by Rufus, served as a pretext for the young emperor Theodosius II to grant the ecclesiastical dominion of Illyricurn to the Patriarch of Constantinople (14 July, 421). Boniface remonstrated with Honorius against the violation of the rights of his see, and prevailed upon him to urge Theodosius to rescind his enactment. The law was not enforced, but it remained in the Theodosian (439) and Justinian (534) codes and caused much trouble for succeeding popes. By a letter of 11 March, 422, Boniface forbade the consecration in Illyricum of any bishop whom Rufus would not recognize. Boniface renewed the legislation of Pope Soter, prohibiting women to touch the sacred linens or to minister at the burning of incense. He enforced the laws forbidding slaves to become clerics. He was buried in the cemetery of Maximus on the Via Salaria, near the tomb of his favorite, St. Felicitas, in whose honor and in gratitude for whose aid he had erected an oratory over the cemetery bearing her name.
source Catholic Encyclopedia

#BreakingNews Blind Pro-Life Runner Hit by Car - Please Pray for Tina Jinkens who attends Church every day!


Community prays for blind woman hit by semi while crossing the street in Eudora
-- Fellow parishioners gathered Friday to pray for a blind Eudora woman hit by a car hauler.

Tina Jinkens is recovering at a local hospital. She was struck as she crossed Church Street at 14th with her guide dog Clara. The car hauler was making a right hand turn.

Clara is doing OK, but it seems Jinkens could have a long road to recovery. But her friends said long roads are nothing new for Jinkens.

Despite being blind, she walks several miles from her home into town and church almost daily. She even ran the Boston Marathon for the first time this year.

Parishioners at Old Holy Family Church prayed the Rosary for Jinkens, something she's always trying to get others to do.

“She would be here 10 hours if it was for somebody else. She was here all the time praying. She always asked us to pray. For someone that can not see, it’s just amazing what she does.” Mary Lou Hamlin said.

"We are praying for her, and she’ll come through. She’s tough," Twila Runyan said.

Clara got to join Jinkens at her bedside after one of her surgeries. Another is planned for Monday.
Edited from Source: Fox4kc
The crash remains under investigation.


Death Toll Rises to 8 Killed by Shooter in Odessa-Midland, Texas - RIP to the Victims - Condolences from USCCB


 A shooter in Odessa and Midland, Texas, killed at least 7 people, including a 15-year-old girl. There were 24 people injured, including a 17-month-old girl and three police officers. 
 Among the victims killed was an Odessa High School student, 15-year-old Leilah Hernandez, Mary Granados, a 29-year-old postal worker, Joseph Griffith, a 40-year-old, father of two, and Edwin Peregrino, who was 25. CBS 7 reports the death toll increased to 8 in the day following the West Texas shooting, with 5 killed in Odessa and three killed in Midland.
On Twitter Senator Ted Cruz wrote on Twitter he is praying for the victims and their families in a series of tweets.  (Source: Heavy.com)
 USCCB President Issues Statement Following Shootings in Midland and Odessa

September 1, 2019 WASHINGTON - Cardinal Daniel DiNardo, Archbishop of Galveston-Houston, and President of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), issued the following statement in response to the tragic shootings in Midland and Odessa, Texas.

The full statement follows:

“As we travel to Sunday Mass, we do so with heavy hearts. Just a few short hours ago, less than a month after the horrific instances of gun violence in California, Texas and Ohio, yet further terrible shootings took place, this time involving random targeting of victims on roads and highways. There are reports of at least 5 fatalities, and numerous critical injuries. Once again, these horrific onslaughts demonstrate unequivocally the undeniable existence of evil in our society. I am deeply saddened to witness yet again scenes of violence and contempt for human life being repeated in our Nation’s streets. With renewed resolve, I call on all people of good will, starting with our Catholic leaders and faithful, to work tirelessly to root out the causes of such crimes. As people of faith, we must continue to pray for all the victims, and for healing in all these shattered communities that now extend across the length and breadth of our land.”
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Cardinal Sako writes Letter of Appeal for Iraq "take the concerns of Christians seriously, reassure them and encourage them to remain in their land."


Card Sako: common strategy and protection of Christians to guarantee a future for Iraq
In a letter appealing to the institutions and the civilian population the cardinal hopes for a courageous political dialogue to overcome crisis and difficulties. The dangers of a US-Iran conflict that will cause "ruin, destruction and fragmentation". Muslim government and authorities must encourage and preserve the Christian presence.

Baghdad (AsiaNews) - Iraqis must "open a courageous political dialogue" and develop a "strategy agreed" by all political parties, striving "for its implementation" to emerge "from current crises and calamities", writes the Chaldean primate.

In a heartfelt appeal to the Iraqi people and to the political and institutional leadership, published on the patriarchate website and sent to AsiaNews for information Cardinal Louis Raphael Sako warns “the Iraqis must have confidence in themselves, in their abilities and unity" challenging the difficulties, problems and dangers that still threaten the future of the nation.

From the tensions between Iran and the United States, which are likely to involve Iraq, to ​​the difficult recovery of a nation marked by fundamentalist violence and the dark years of domination by the Islamic State, defeated on a military level but not on an ideological level, there are many challenges to deal with.

In this context, the Chaldean patriarch invites politicians to "take responsibility" to "preserve the results achieved", avoiding remaining entangled "in a proxy war" in the face of the ongoing crisis between Washington and Tehran.

A conflict that, if it breaks out, will cause "ruin, destruction and fragmentation" pushing more and more people "to emigrate" and causing "more victims in the entire region". Card Sako explains this is why it is increasingly urgent to work for peace and work according to a "future vision" of a nation that is founded on the basis of "democracy, the rule of law and respect for diversity". Strengthening the common commitment "to peace and prosperity".

In a critical moment for the life of Iraq and of the whole Middle East, the Chaldean primate reserves a special reflection for the Christian community which, in recent years, has abandoned the region in search of salvation and shelter in North America en masse Europe and Australia.

 "Christians - he warns - are an essential component"; they were among the first to defend "the values ​​of citizenship and human fraternity", preserving "the cities, churches and monasteries from the dawn of Christianity until the fall of the regime [of Saddam Hussein] in 2003".

The collapse of the previous system opened the doors to the jihadist and fundamentalist advance, favored the entry of terrorists who kidnapped and killed faithful and priests, blew up churches as happened to the Syrian Catholic Church of Our Lady of Liberation in Baghdad.

The Cardinal then recalls the rise of ISIS and the flight of Christians from Mosul and the plain of Nineveh, with the corollary of places of worship and historic buildings "burned or blown up". "Today - he says - despite the liberation of their areas, they have received no support from the Iraqi government to rebuild homes and repair infrastructure."

Christians today are divided into 14 churches, the most important of which is the Chaldean, which - the cardinal accuses - has formed "political parties and organizations that have done nothing for them". The number has "drastically decreased" after 2003, also due to terrorism and the progressive exclusion from the political and institutional life of the country. The local community, he continues, "was marginalized" and "unfair laws issued against them"; the "apex" is represented by the rise of ISIS and the subsequent loss of property and confidence in the future. "Many have emigrated [...] to ensure the education of their children and their future".

That is why, concludes the Chaldean patriarch, the government, Muslim religious authorities and political blocs must "take the concerns of Christians seriously, reassure them and encourage them to remain in their land." Christians "will help to raise awareness among Iraqis about the values ​​of citizenship, tolerance and respect and the consolidation of coexistence on this earth".
FULL TEXT Source: AsiaNewsIT

Pope Francis' Prayer Intention for September ".... work together to protect the world’s seas and oceans." Video


Pope Francis  prayer intention for September 2019, Pope Francis invites us to pray that "politicians, scientists and economists work together to protect the world’s seas and oceans."


The full text of his intention is below:

Oceans contain the bulk of our planet’s water supply, and also most of the immense variety of living creatures, many of them are threatened for various reasons.

Creation is a project of love given by God to humanity.

Our solidarity with the “common home” is born from our faith.

Let us pray this month that politicians, scientists and economists work together to protect the world’s seas and oceans.

Australian Bishops Release major Statement on Social Media "...we can collectively shape the online world, building a more just and loving online neighbourhood."


Bishops launch major statement on social media Media Release September 3, 2019 Australia’s Catholic bishops will today launch a major statement on digital communications, calling on all levels of society to overcome the hatred, division and exploitation that occurs online.
This year’s Social Justice Statement, Making it Real: Genuine human encounter in our digital world, will be launched in Sydney by Bishop Vincent Long Van Nguyen OFM Conv, chairman of the Bishops Commission for Social Justice – Mission and Service.
 The launch precedes Social Justice Sunday, which the Church in Australia celebrates on September 29. In the statement, the bishops say governments, businesses and the broader community need to be more proactive in defending the dignity of people. They say everyone must work together to make the digital world a place of genuine human encounter. The document invites people to reflect on how the internet has changed communication, work, education and business – and how people can contribute towards a more harmonious digital world.
 Writing in the statement’s foreword, Bishop Delegate for Social Justice, Bishop Terence Brady, said that while the digital world enabled people to be more connected than ever before, it could also be a place of manipulation, exploitation and violence. “This calls us to active citizenship because, at their heart, these problems are not technological, but rather moral,” Bishop Brady said. “We can choose how we behave online, and we can collectively shape the online world, building a more just and loving online neighbourhood. “It is becoming increasingly clear that digital platforms require wise governance and that international cooperation is required to achieve this. The common good requires intervention, rather than leaving digital platforms to govern themselves.”
The statement notes that Pope Francis has often spoken of the great potential for “genuine human encounter” in the digital space, but he has also warned of elements of the online world that are harmful: information overload, social isolation, marginalisation of the vulnerable, consumerism and “fake news”. The bishops acknowledge the many benefits of technology, but also lament a growing digital divide. Almost 1.8 million Australian households are not connected to the internet, leading to significant disadvantages.
Media contact: Gavin Abraham • 0408 825 788 • media@catholic.org.au
“As essential services continue to shift online, digital inclusion becomes mandatory for basic participation in society. It should therefore be considered a human right,” Bishop Brady states. Among the groups that are missing out are people with disability, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and people in rural and remote areas. And where internet access is readily available, other serious challenges emerge. “Far too often, the digital world has become a place of hatred. Digital technologies, especially social media, provide a perfect platform for a range of behaviours that are offensive to human dignity,” the bishops’ statement says. “It is clear that digital platforms are built to make a profit. But where they operate to maximise profit by undermining human dignity and the common good, we must question their structure, ownership and goals. “This is our digital common home, and the principles we find in Catholic Social Teaching and the words of Pope Francis can help guide us to a more just digital space.”
Above is a Full Text Release by the Australian Bishops' Conference
The Statement and associated resources can be downloaded at: www.socialjustice.catholic.org.au
FULL TEXT - https://www.socialjustice.catholic.org.au/files/Order-forms/2019/Social%20Justice%20Statement%202019-20%20WEB.pdf

Today's Mass Readings and Video : Tuesday, September 3, 2019 - #Eucharist


Memorial of Saint Gregory the Great, Pope and Doctor of the Church
Lectionary: 432

Reading 11 THES 5:1-6, 9-11

Concerning times and seasons, brothers and sisters,
you have no need for anything to be written to you.
For you yourselves know very well
that the day of the Lord will come like a thief at night.
When people are saying, "Peace and security,"
then sudden disaster comes upon them,
like labor pains upon a pregnant woman,
and they will not escape.

But you, brothers and sisters, are not in darkness,
for that day to overtake you like a thief.
For all of you are children of the light
and children of the day.
We are not of the night or of darkness.
Therefore, let us not sleep as the rest do,
but let us stay alert and sober.
For God did not destine us for wrath,
but to gain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ,
who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep
we may live together with him.
Therefore, encourage one another and build one another up,
as indeed you do.

Responsorial PsalmPS 27:1, 4, 13-14

R. (13) I believe that I shall see the good things of the Lord in the land of the living.
The LORD is my light and my salvation;
whom should I fear?
The LORD is my life's refuge;
of whom should I be afraid?
R. I believe that I shall see the good things of the Lord in the land of the living.
One thing I ask of the LORD;
this I seek:
To dwell in the house of the LORD
all the days of my life,
That I may gaze on the loveliness of the LORD
and contemplate his temple.
R. I believe that I shall see the good things of the Lord in the land of the living.
I believe that I shall see the bounty of the LORD
in the land of the living.
Wait for the LORD with courage;
be stouthearted, and wait for the LORD.
R. I believe that I shall see the good things of the Lord in the land of the living.

AlleluiaLK 7:16

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
A great prophet has arisen in our midst
and God has visited his people.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

GospelLK 4:31-37

Jesus went down to Capernaum, a town of Galilee.
He taught them on the sabbath,
and they were astonished at his teaching
because he spoke with authority.
In the synagogue there was a man with the spirit of an unclean demon,
and he cried out in a loud voice,
"What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth?
Have you come to destroy us?
I know who you are–the Holy One of God!"
Jesus rebuked him and said, "Be quiet! Come out of him!"
Then the demon threw the man down in front of them
and came out of him without doing him any harm.
They were all amazed and said to one another,
"What is there about his word?
For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits,
and they come out."
And news of him spread everywhere in the surrounding region.
Image Source: Google Images - 40daysofprayer.org