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Thursday, April 16, 2020
Saint April 17 : St. Kateri Tekakwitha the “Lily of the Mohawks” and Patron of Ecology and Natives and Mohawks (in Canada)
KATERI’S LIFEIn 1656, Kateri Tekakwitha known as “Lily of the Mohawks” was born of an Algonquin mother and Mohawk father in Ossernenon in the Mohawk Valley, now known as Auriesville, New York. Kateri was four years old when the horrible European disease of smallpox devastated her village. Many perished along with Kateri’s parents and younger brother. She survived the deadly disease but her eyesight was greatly affected and her face ravaged with smallpox scars.
|Born:||1656, Ossernenon, Iroquois Confederacy (Modern Auriesville, New York)|
|Died:||17 April 1680 at Caughnawaga, Canada|
|Beatified:||22 June 1980 by Pope John Paul II|
|Major Shrine:||St Francis Xavier Church, Kahnawake, Quebec, Canada|
FEAST DAY is April 17 in Canada and July 14 in the USA
Because of Kateri’s near blindness, she held her hands in front of her to feel her way along and protect herself from injury. It was from this characteristic she was renamed Tekakwitha or “She moves things”.
In 1667, 11 year old Kateri Tekakwitha meets the Jesuit Missionaries in her uncle’s cabin. By this time the village had moved to the north side of the Mohawk River to Caughnawaga, now known as Fonda New York. As a young girl, she helped with the meals, collected berries from the woods, made baskets, did beadwork and strung the wampums. With the coming of the missionaries Kateri found comfort and understanding of her situation in Christianity and began her dialogue with Father James de Lamberville and expressed the ardent desire for Baptism in 1666, and was subsequently baptized in 1676 at the age of 20.
In 1677, Kateri Tekakwitha traveled from the Mohawk valley to the north eastern part of the Territory to the village of Kahnawake and the Mission of Saint Francis Xavier on the shore of the Saint Lawrence River. Father de Lamberville had given her a letter for the Superior of the Mission. The words of this letter were, “ I ask you to please take charge of directing her; it is a treasure which we are giving you. Guard it well and make it bear fruit for the glory of God and the salvation of a soul which is certainly very dear to Him.” A few months after her arrival, she received her First Holy Communion on Christmas Day at the age of 21.
In 1680 with her health failing, she became gravely ill and on April 17, 1680, 24 year old Kateri Tekakwitha died. Soon after her death and because of her faith in Christ, her scared face was restored to its former beauty and softness. She was buried in a wooden coffin next to the wooden cross where she prayed on the banks of the great river. The favors and miracles obtained through her intercession began immediately.
In 1717, the Mohawks of Kahnawake moved to their final and present day location where Kateri’s remains were housed in a sacred chest of polished wood in the sacristy of the Mission.
On Saturday December 6, 1884 the Bishops and Archbishops of the United States of America of the Third Plenary Council of Baltimore addressed the Sovereign Pontiff Leo XIII to institute the process for the beautification of Catherine Tekakwitha. Letters were submitted by various Indian tribes, petitioning the Introduction of the Cause of the Servant of God, Catherine Tekakwitha to the Sovereign Pontiff Leo XIII.
In 1931, after years of preparation the cause was instituted by the Most Reverend Bishop of Albany, Edmund Francis Gibbons and in June 1938, the Historical Section of the Congregation of Rites at Rome declared that the documents of the case of Tekakwitha were complete, genuine and trustworthy, that they established Tekakwitha’s renown for holiness, and a solid basis for final judgement that her virtues were heroic.
On January 3rd 1943 his Holiness Pope Pius XII offered the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. Then he solemnly proclaimed: It has been proved in this instance and for the purpose under consideration, that the theological virtues of Faith, Hope, Love of God and Neighbour, and the cardinal virtues, Prudence, Justice, Temperance, Fortitude and subordinate virtues of the Venerable Servant of God, Catherine Tekakwitha, were heroic. Pope Pius XII signed the DECREE in which Catherine Tekakwitha was “Venerable”.
In 1980, Kateri Tekakwitha was beatified by Pope John Paul II and declared “BLESSED KATERI TEKAKWITHA”.
In 2011, Pope Benedict XVI announced the canonization of Kateri Tekakwitha. He signed a decree approving a miracle attributed to Kateri for saving the life of a young boy, Jake Finkbonner who suffered from a flesh eating disease.The official date for her canonization ceremony was October 21, 2012 in Rome Italy. St Kateri Tekakwitha’s Shrine is located at the St. Francis Xavier Mission in Kahnawake. Text from kateritekakwitha.net
St. Stephen Harding
28 March 1134
Church of St. Stephen Harding in Apátistvánfalva, Hungary, district of Szentgotthárd.
Confessor, the third Abbot of Citeaux, was born at Sherborne in Dorsetshire, England, about the middle of the eleventh century; died 28 March, 1134. He received his early education in the monastery of Sherborne and afterwards studied in Paris and Rome. On returning from the latter city he stopped at the monastery of Molesme and, being much impressed by the holiness of St. Robert, the abbot, joined that community. Here he practised great austerities, became one of St. Robert's chief supporters and was one of the band of twenty-one monks who, by authority of Hugh, Archbishop of Lyons, retired to Citeaux to institute a reform in the new foundation there. When St. Robert was recalled to Molesme (1099), Stephen became prior of Citeaux under Alberic, the new abbot. On Alberic's death (1110) Stephen, who was absent from the monastery at the time, was elected abbot. The number of monks was now very reduced, as no new members had come to fill the places of those who had died. Stephen, however, insisted on retaining the strict observance originally instituted and, having offended the Duke of Burgundy, Citeau's great patron, by forbidding him or his family to enter the cloister, was even forced to beg alms from door to door. It seemed as if the foundation were doomed to die out when (1112) St. Bernard with thirty companions joined the community. This proved the beginning of extraordinary prosperity. The next year Stephen founded his first colony at La Ferte, and before is death he had established thirteen monasteries in all. His powers as an organizer were exceptional, he instituted the system of general chapters and regular visitations and, to ensure uniformity in all his foundations, drew up the famous "Charter of Charity" or collection of statues for the government of all monasteries united to Citeaux, which was approved by Pope Callistus II in 1119 (see CISTERCIANS). In 1133 Stephen, being now old, infirm, and almost blind, resigned the post of abbot, designating as his successor Robert de Monte, who was accordingly elected by the monks. The saint's choice, however, proved unfortunate and the new abbot only held office for two years. Stephen was buried in the tomb of Alberic, his predecessor, in the cloister of Citeaux. In the Roman calendar his feast is 17 April, but the Cistercians themselves keep it on 15 July, with an octave, regarding him as the true founder of the order. Besides the "Carta Caritatis" he is commonly credited with the authorship of the "Exordium Cisterciencis cenobii", which however may not be his. Two of his sermons are preserved and also two letters (Nos. 45 and 49) in the "Epp. S. Bernardi". Catholic Encyclopedia
Novena to Saint Bernadette - Prayers to the Visionary of Lourdes whose Body is Incorrupt and Patron of Sick and Families -
Say for 9 Days:
Dear Saint Bernadette, Chosen by Almighty God as a channel of His Graces and Blessings, and through your humble obedience to the requests of Our Blessed Mother, Mary, you gained for us the Miraculous waters of Spiritual and physical healing.We implore you to listen to our pleading prayers that we may be healed of our Spiritual and physical imperfections.
Place our petitions in the Hands of our Holy Mother, Mary, so that She may place them at the feet of Her beloved Son, Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, that He may look on us with mercy and compassion: (Make Petition)
Help, O Dear Saint Bernadette to follow your example, so that irrespective of our own pain and suffering we may always be mindful of the needs of others, especially those whose sufferings are greater than ours.
As we await the Mercy of God, remind us to offer up our pain and suffering for the conversion of sinners, and in reparation for the sins and blasphemies of mankind.
Pray for Saint Bernadette, that like you, we may always be obedient to the will of Our Heavenly Father, and that through our prayers and humility we may bring consolation to the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary that have been so grievously wounded by our sins.
Holy Saint Bernadette of Lourdes, Pray for us.
Say 1 Our Father, 1 Hail Mary and 1 Glory Be each day
MemorareRemember, O most gracious Virgin Mary, that never was it known that anyone who fled to thy protection, implored thy help, or sought thine intercession was left unaided.
Inspired by this confidence, I fly unto thee, O Virgin of virgins, my mother; to thee do I come, before thee I stand, sinful and sorrowful. O Mother of the Word Incarnate, despise not my petitions, but in thy mercy hear and answer me.Amen.
O Mary conceived without sin,pray for us who have recourse to Thee. (Say (3) Three Times)
At Easter Thursday Mass, Pope Francis says "May the God of hope fill you with joy" and Prays for Pharmacists - Full Text-Video
MORNING CELEBRATION BROADCAST LIVE
FROM THE CHAPEL OF CASA SANTA MARTA
HOMILY OF THE HOLY FATHER FRANCIS
"Be filled with joy"
Thursday, April 16, 2020
These days they have scolded me because I forgot to thank a group of people who also work. I thanked the doctors, nurses, the volunteers ... "But you forgot the pharmacists": they too work a lot to help the sick get out of the disease. We also pray for them.
These days, in Jerusalem, people had many feelings: fear, amazement, doubt. "In those days, while the healed cripple kept Peter and John, all the people, out of themselves in amazement ..." (Acts 3:11): there is an uneventful environment because things that were not understood happened. The Lord went to his disciples. They too knew that he had already risen, Peter also knew it because he had talked to him that morning. These two who had returned to Emmaus knew it, but when the Lord appeared they were frightened. "Shocked and full of fear, they believed they saw a ghost" (Lk 24,37); they had the same experience on the lake when Jesus came walking on the water. But at that time Peter, making himself courageous, bet on the Lord, said: "But if it is you, let me go on the water" (cf. Mt 14:28). This day Peter was silent, he had talked to the Lord that morning, and nobody knows what they said about that dialogue and that was why he was silent. But they were so full of fear, upset, they believed they saw a ghost. And he says: “But no, why are you upset? Why do doubts arise in your heart? Look at the hands, the feet ... ", he makes him see the wounds (cf. Lk 24,38-39). That treasure of Jesus who brought him to Heaven to show him to the Father and intercede for us. “Touch me and look; a ghost has no flesh and bones. " And then comes a phrase that gives me so much consolation and for this, this passage from the Gospel is one of my favorites: "But because for joy they did not believe ..." (cf. Lk 24:41), again and they were full of amazement, joy kept him from believing. There was so much joy that “no, this cannot be true. This joy is not real, it is too much joy. " And this prevented him from believing. Joy. The moments of great joy.
They were overflowing with joy but paralyzed with joy. And joy is one of the desires that Paul has for his people in Rome: "May the God of hope fill you with joy" (cf. Rom 15:13). Fill with joy, be full of joy. It is the experience of the highest consolation, when the Lord makes us understand that this is another thing from being cheerful, positive, bright ... No, it is another thing. Being joyful ... but full of joy, an overflowing joy that really takes us. And for this Paul hopes that "the God of hope will fill you with joy", to the Romans. And that word, that expression, filling with joy is repeated, many, many times. For example, what happens in prison and Paul saves the life of the jailer who was about to commit suicide because the doors had opened with the earthquake and then announces the Gospel, baptizes him, and the jailer, says the Bible, was "full of joy "For believing (cf Acts 16,29-34). The same happens with the economy minister of Candàce, when Philip baptized him, disappeared, he followed his path "full of joy" (cf. Acts 8:39). The same happened on Ascension Day: the disciples returned to Jerusalem, says the Bible, "full of joy" (cf Acts 24: 52-53). It is the fullness of consolation, the fullness of the presence of the Lord. Because, as Paul says to the Galatians, "joy is the fruit of the Holy Spirit" (cf Gal 5:22), it is not the consequence of emotions that burst for a wonderful thing ... No more. This joy, this which fills us is the fruit of the Holy Spirit. Without the Spirit one cannot have this joy. Receiving the joy of the Spirit is a grace. I am reminded of the latest issues, the last paragraphs of Paul VI's Exhortation Evangelii nuntiandi (cf. 79-80), when he speaks of joyful Christians, joyful evangelizers, and not of those who always live down. Today is a beautiful day to read it. Full of joy. This is what the Bible tells us: "But because for joy they did not believe ...", it was so much that they did not believe. There is a passage from the book of Nehemiah that will help us today in this reflection on joy. The people returned to Jerusalem found the book of the law, it was discovered again - because they knew the law by heart, the book of the law did not find it - great celebration and all the people gathered to listen to the priest Ezra who read the book of the law. The moved people wept, wept with joy because they had found the book of the law and wept, it was joyful, the tears ... At the end when the priest Ezra finished, Nehemiah said to the people: "Rest assured, now do not cry anymore, keep the joy, because joy in the Lord is your strength" (cf. Ne 8: 1-12). This word from the book of Nehemiah will help us today. The great strength that we have to transform, to preach the Gospel, to go forward as witnesses of life is the joy of the Lord who is the fruit of the Holy Spirit, and today we ask him to grant us this fruit.