Sunday, February 21, 2021

Holy Mass Online - Readings and Video : Monday, February 22, 2021 - #Eucharist in Your Virtual Church



 Feast of the Chair of Saint Peter, Apostle
Lectionary: 535
Reading I
1 Pt 5:1-4
Beloved:
I exhort the presbyters among you,
as a fellow presbyter and witness to the sufferings of Christ
and one who has a share in the glory to be revealed.
Tend the flock of God in your midst,
overseeing not by constraint but willingly,
as God would have it, not for shameful profit but eagerly.
Do not lord it over those assigned to you,
but be examples to the flock.
And when the chief Shepherd is revealed,
you will receive the unfading crown of glory.
 
 Responsorial Psalm
23:1-3a, 4, 5, 6
R.    (1)  The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I shall want.
The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.
    In verdant pastures he gives me repose;
Beside restful waters he leads me;
    he refreshes my soul.
R.    The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I shall want.
Even though I walk in the dark valley
    I fear no evil; for you are at my side
With your rod and your staff
    that give me courage.
R.    The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I shall want.
You spread the table before me
    in the sight of my foes;
You anoint my head with oil;
    my cup overflows.
R.    The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I shall want.
Only goodness and kindness follow me
    all the days of my life;
And I shall dwell in the house of the LORD
    for years to come.
R.    The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I shall want.
Verse before the Gospel
Mt 16:18
You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church;
the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it.
 
Gospel
Mt 16:13-19
When Jesus went into the region of Caesarea Philippi
he asked his disciples,
“Who do people say that the Son of Man is?”
They replied, “Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah,
still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”
He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
Simon Peter said in reply, 
“You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
Jesus said to him in reply, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah.
For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father.
And so I say to you, you are Peter,
and upon this rock I will build my Church,
and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it.
I will give you the keys to the Kingdom of heaven.
Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven;
and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” 
Prayer to Make a Spiritual Communion-
People who cannot communicate now make spiritual communion

At your feet, O my Jesus I bow down and offer you the repentance of my contrite heart, which abysses itself into its nothingness and Your holy presence. I adore you in the Sacrament of Your love, the ineffable Eucharist. I wish to receive you in the poor home that my heart offers you. In anticipation of the happiness of sacramental communion, I want to possess you in spirit. Come to me, oh my Jesus, that I may come to you. May Your love inflame my whole being, for life and death. I believe in you, I hope in you, I love you. So be it. Amen

Saint February 22 : Feast of the Chair of St. Peter the Apostle - 1st Pope of the Church Chosen by Christ


From the earliest times the Church at Rome celebrated on 18 January the memory of the day when the Apostle held his first service with the faithful of the Eternal City. According to Duchesne and de Rossi, the "Martyrologium Hieronymianum" (Weissenburg manuscript) reads as follows: "XV KL. FEBO. Dedicatio cathedræ sci petri apostoli qua primo Rome petrus apostolus sedit" (fifteenth day before the calends of February, the dedication of the Chair of St. Peter the Apostle in which Peter the Apostle first sat at Rome). The Epternach manuscript (Codex Epternacensis) of the same work, says briefly: "cath. petri in roma" (the Chair of Peter in Rome).
In its present (ninth-century) form the "Martyrologium Hieronymianum" gives a second feast of the Chair of St. Peter for 22 February, but all the manuscripts assign it to Antioch, not to Rome. Thus the oldest manuscript, that of Berne, says: "VIII kal. mar. cathedræ sci petri apostoli qua sedit apud antiochiam". The Weissenburg manuscript says: "Natl [natale] sci petri apostoli cathedræ qua sedit apud antiocia." However, the words qua sedit apud antiochiam are seen at once to be a later addition. Both feasts are Roman; indeed, that of 22 February was originally the more important. This is clear from the Calendar of Philocalus drawn up in the year 354, and going back to the year 311; it makes no mention of the January feast but speaks thus of 22 February: "VIII Kl. Martias: natale Petri de cathedra" (eighth day before the Calends of March, the birthday [i.e. feast] of the Chair of Peter). It was not until after the insertion of Antioch in the copies of the "Martyrologium Hieronymianum" that the feast of February gave way in importance to that of January. The Roman Church, therefore, at an early date celebrated a first and a second assumption of the episcopal office in Rome by St. Peter. This double celebration was also held in two places, in the Vatican Basilica and in a cemetery (coemeterium) on the Via Salaria. At both places a chair (cathedra) was venerated which the Apostle had used as presiding officer of the assembly of the faithful. The first of these chairs stood in the Vatican Basilica, in the baptismal chapel built by Pope Damasus; the neophytes in albis (white baptismal robes) were led from the baptistery to the pope seated on this ancient cathedra, and received from him the consignatio, i.e. the Sacrament of Confirmation. Reference is made to this custom in an inscription of Damasus which contains the line: "una Petri sedes, unum verumque lavacrum" (one Chair of Peter, one true font of baptism). St. Ennodius of Pavia (d. 521) speaks of it thus ("Libellus pro Synodo", near the end): "Ecce nunc ad gestatoriam sellam apostolicæ confessionis uda mittunt limina candidatos; et uberibus gaudio exactore fletibus collata Dei beneficio dona geminantur" (Behold now the neophytes go from the dripping threshold to the portable chair of the Apostolic confession; amid abundant tears called forth by joy the gifts of Divine grace are doubled). While therefore in the apse of the Vatican Basilica there stood a cathedra on which the pope sat amid the Roman clergy during the pontifical Mass, there was also in the same building a second cathedra from which the pope administered to the newly baptized the Sacrament of Confirmation. The Chair of St. Peter in the apse was made of marble and was built into the wall, that of the baptistery was movable and could be carried. Ennodius calls the latter a gestatoria sedes; throughout the Middle Ages it was always brought on 22 February from the above-mentioned consignatorium or place of confirmation to the high altar. That day the pope did not use the marble cathedra at the back of the apse but sat on this movable cathedra, which was, consequently, made of wood. The importance of this feast was heightened by the fact that 22 February was considered the anniversary of the day when Peter bore witness, by the Sea of Tiberias, to the Divinity of Christ and was again appointed by Christ to be the Rock of His Church. According to very ancient Western liturgies, 22 February was the day "quo electus est 1. Petrus papa" (on which Peter was first chosen pope). The Mass of this feast calls it at the beginning: "solemnitatis prædicandæ dies præcipue nobilis in quo . . . . beatus Bar-Jona voce Redemptoris fide devotâ prælatus est et per hanc Petri petram basis ecclesiæ fixus est", i.e. this day is called especially praiseworthy because on it the blessed Bar-Jona, by reason of his devout faith, was raised to pre-eminence by the words of the Redeemer, and through this rock of Peter was established the foundation of the Church. And the Oratio (collect) says: "Deus, qui hodiernâ die beatum Petrum post te dedisti caput ecclesiæ, cum te ille vere confessus sit" (O God, who didst this day give us as head of the Church, after Thyself, the Blessed Peter, etc.).
The second of the aforementioned chairs is referred to about 600 by an Abbot Johannes. He had been commissioned by Pope Gregory the Great to collect in special little phials oil from the lamps which burned at the graves of the Roman martyrs (see CATACOMBS; MARTYR) for the Lombard queen, Theodolinda. According to the manuscript list of these oils preserved in the cathedral treasury of Monza, Italy, one of these vessels had on it the statement: "oleo de sede ubi prius sedit sanctus Petrus" (oils from the chair where St. Peter first sat). Other ancient authorities describe the site as "ubi Petrus baptizabat" (where Peter baptized), or "ad fontes sancti Petri; ad Nymphas sancti Petri" (at the fountain of Saint Peter). Formerly this site was pointed out in the coemeterium majus (principal cemetery) on the Via Nomentana; it is now certain that it was on the Via Salaria, and was connected with the coemeterium, or cemetery, of Priscilla and the villa of the Acilii (Acilii Glabriones), situated above this catacomb. The foundation of this villa, showing masonry of a very early date (opus reticulatum), still exists. Both villa and cemetery, in one of whose burial chambers are several epitaphs of members of the family, or gens, of the Acilii, belong to the Apostolic Period. It is most probable that Priscilla, who gave her name as foundress to the catacomb, was the wife of Acilius Glabrio, executed under Domitian. There is hardly any doubt that the site, "ubi prius sedit sanctus Petrus, ubi Petrus baptizabat" (where Saint Peter first sat, where Peter baptized), should be sought, not in an underground cubiculum (chamber) in the catacombs, but in an oratory above ground. At least nothing has been found in the oldest part of the cemetery of Priscilla now fully excavated, referring to a cathedra, or chair.
The feast of the Cathedra Petri was therefore celebrated on the Via Salaria on 18 January; in the Vatican Basilica it was observed on 22 February. It is easy to believe that after the triumph of Christianity the festival could be celebrated with greater pomp in the magnificent basilica erected by Constantine the Great over the confessio, or grave of Peter, than in a chapel far distant from the city on the Via Salaria. Yet the latter could rightly boast in its favour that it was there Saint Peter first exercised at Rome the episcopal office ("ubi prius sedit sanctus Petrus", as Abbot Johannes wrote, or "qua primo Rome petrus apostolus sedit", as we read in the "Martyrologium Hieronymianum" at 18 January). This double festival of the Chair of St. Peter is generally attributed to a long absence of the Apostle from Rome. As, how ever, the spot, "ubi s. Petrus baptizabat, ubi prius sedit" was distant from the city, it is natural to think that the second feast of the cathedra is connected with the opening of a chapel for Christian worship in the city itself. Source: The Catholic Encyclopedia - Image Source: Google Images - Chair of St. Peter

Pope Francis says "Let us open our hearts, saying with faith: "Jesus, I trust in You". Remembering 90th Anniversary of Divine Mercy - FULL TEXT + Video

 
POPE FRANCIS at ANGELUS

St. Peter's Square
Sunday, February 21, 2021


 Dear brothers and sisters, good morning!

Last Wednesday, with the penitential rite of ashes , we began the journey of Lent. Today, the first Sunday of this liturgical season, the Word of God shows us the way to live fruitfully the forty days leading up to the annual celebration of Easter. It is the path followed by Jesus, which the Gospel, with the essential style of Mark, summarizes by saying that he, before beginning his preaching, withdrew for forty days in the desert, where he was tempted by Satan (cf. 1: 12-15 ).  

The Evangelist emphasizes that “ the Spirit he drove Jesus into the desert "(v. 12). The Holy Spirit, descended on him immediately after the baptism received by John in the Jordan River, the same Spirit now pushes him to go into the desert, to face the Tempter, to fight the devil. The whole existence of Jesus is placed under the sign of the Spirit of God, who animates, inspires, guides him.

But let's think of the desert. Let us pause for a moment on this natural and symbolic environment, which is so important in the Bible. The desert is the place where God speaks to the heart of man, and where the answer of prayer flows, that is, the desert of solitude, the heart detached from other things and alone, in that solitude, opens to the Word of God. also the place of trial and temptation, where the Tempter, taking advantage of human frailty and needs, insinuates his false voice, an alternative to that of God, an alternative voice that shows you another way, another way of hoax. The Tempter seduces. In fact, during the forty days lived by Jesus in the desert, the "duel" between Jesus and the devil begins, which will end with the Passion and the Cross. The whole ministry of Christ is a struggle against the Evil One in its many manifestations: healings from diseases, exorcisms on the possessed, forgiveness of sins. After the first phase in which Jesus demonstrates that he speaks and acts with the power of God, it seems that the devil has the upper hand, when the Son of God is rejected, abandoned and, finally, captured and sentenced to death. It seems the winner is the devil. In reality, death was the last "desert" to cross to finally defeat Satan and free us all from his power. And so Jesus won in the desert of death to win in the Resurrection. the devil seems to have the upper hand when the Son of God is rejected, abandoned, and ultimately captured and sentenced to death. It seems the winner is the devil. In reality, death was the last "desert" to cross to finally defeat Satan and free us all from his power. And so Jesus won in the desert of death to win in the Resurrection. the devil seems to have the upper hand when the Son of God is rejected, abandoned, and ultimately captured and sentenced to death. It seems the winner is the devil. In reality, death was the last "desert" to cross to finally defeat Satan and free us all from his power. And so Jesus won in the desert of death to win in the Resurrection.

Every year, at the beginning of Lent, this Gospel of Jesus' temptations in the desert reminds us that the life of the Christian, in the footsteps of the Lord, is a battle against the spirit of evil. It shows us that Jesus willingly faced the Tempter and overcame him; and at the same time it reminds us that the devil is granted the possibility to act on us too with temptations. We must be aware of the presence of this cunning enemy, interested in our eternal doom, our failure, and prepare to defend ourselves against him and fight him. God's grace assures us, with faith, prayer and penance, victory over the enemy. But I would like to emphasize one thing: in temptations Jesus never talks with the devil, never. In his life Jesus never had a dialogue with the devil, never. Either he drives him away from the possessed or condemns him or shows his malice, but never a dialogue. And in the desert there seems to be a dialogue because the devil makes three proposals to him and Jesus responds. But Jesus does not respond with his words; responds with the Word of God, with three passages of Scripture. And this we must all do too. When the seducer approaches, he begins to seduce us: "But think this, do that ...". The temptation is to dialogue with him, as Eve did; and if we enter into dialogue with the devil we will be defeated. Put this in your head and heart: with the devil there is never a dialogue, there is no possible dialogue. Only the Word of God. But Jesus does not respond with his words; responds with the Word of God, with three passages of Scripture. And this we must all do too. When the seducer approaches, he begins to seduce us: "But think this, do that ...". The temptation is to dialogue with him, as Eve did; and if we enter into dialogue with the devil we will be defeated. Put this in your head and heart: with the devil there is never a dialogue, there is no possible dialogue. Only the Word of God. But Jesus does not respond with his words; responds with the Word of God, with three passages of Scripture. And this we must all do too. When the seducer approaches, he begins to seduce us: "But think this, do that ...". The temptation is to dialogue with him, as Eve did; and if we enter into dialogue with the devil we will be defeated. Put this in your head and heart: with the devil there is never a dialogue, there is no possible dialogue. Only the Word of God. with the devil there is never dialogue, there is no possible dialogue. Only the Word of God. with the devil there is never dialogue, there is no possible dialogue. Only the Word of God.

In the time of Lent, the Holy Spirit urges us too, like Jesus, to enter the desert. It is not a question - we have seen - of a physical place, but of an existential dimension in which to be silent, to listen to the word of God, "so that true conversion may take place in us" ( Collect Prayer I Dom. Of Lent B ) . Do not be afraid of the desert, look for more moments of prayer, of silence, to enter into ourselves. Do not be afraid. We are called to walk on God's paths, renewing the promises of our Baptism: renounce Satan, all his works and all his seductions. The enemy is crouched there, be careful. But never converse with him. We entrust ourselves to the maternal intercession of the Virgin Mary.


After the Angelus

Dear brothers and sisters!

I address my cordial greeting to all of you, Romans and pilgrims. In particular, I greet the Polish faithful. Today my thoughts go to the Shrine of Płock, in Poland, where ninety years ago the Lord Jesus manifested himself to Saint Faustina Kowalska, entrusting her with a special message of Divine Mercy. Through Saint John Paul II , that message has reached the whole world, and it is none other than the Gospel of Jesus Christ, who died and rose, who gives us the mercy of the Father. Let us open our hearts, saying with faith: "Jesus, I trust in You".

I greet the young people and adults of the Talità Kum group of the parish of San Giovanni dei Fiorentini in Rome. Thanks for your presence! And go forward with joy in your good projects.

I wish everyone a beautiful Sunday: beautiful, it's sunny, and a happy Sunday! And please don't forget to pray for me. Have a good lunch and goodbye!

FULL TEXT Source: Vatican.va

Stations of the Cross Explained a Powerful Prayer for Lent of Jesus' Sufferings for Us - Way of the Cross - With Indulgences

The Stations of the Cross is a series of images showing the sufferings of Jesus Christ from his condemnation to his crucifixion. They are especially prayed during Lent and Good Friday. There are usually 14 images that are hung in order around a church or along a path. People walk from image to image, and stop at each "station" saying prayers and possibly reading scripture passages. This prayer is often held by groups or individually. Other names for the Stations of the Cross are the Via Dolorosa or Way of Sorrows, or, The Way. In Jerusalem, the Via Dolorosa is the actual path that Jesus walked, and the stations are the actual places where the events occurred.  St. Francis of Assisi started the tradition of moving from station to station although it was practiced less formerly before. In Lent, and on Good Friday, this practice is very popular but it is also prayed during the year. The number of stations varied throughout history; Pope Clement XII extended to all churches the right to have the stations. Ultimately, the stations are an act of love towards Jesus to thank him for the great sacrifices he made for love of us and to atone for our sins.

WATCH the Way of the Cross Video to Easily Pray this Powerful Prayer Anytime and Unite with Jesus!

Here is the most common list of Stations:
 1. Jesus is condemned to death
2. Jesus carries his cross
3. Jesus falls the first time
4. Jesus meets his mother
5. Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus carry the cross
6. Veronica wipes the face of Jesus
7. Jesus falls the second time
8. Jesus meets the women of Jerusalem
9. Jesus falls the third time
10. Jesus is stripped of his garments
11.Crucifixion: Jesus is nailed to the cross
12. Jesus dies on the cross
13. Jesus is taken down from the cross
14. Jesus is laid in the tomb.
15. Resurrection of Jesus is sometimes included as a fifteenth station.
Common prayers at each Station:
(while genuflecting)

P/ We adore thee O Christ and we praise thee.

C/Because by thy Holy cross thou hast redeemed the world.
Our Father, Hail Mary and Glory Be.


Indulgences are: 
  • A plenary indulgence every time the devotion is completed.
  • An additional plenary indulgence if one receives Holy Communion on the day.
  • Also an additional plenary indulgence if one performs the devotion ten times and receives Holy Communion within a month after so doing.
  • A partial indulgence of ten years for every Station made if one was not able to finish the Stations.
    The conditions for gaining them are
    • Walking from Station to Station when making the Way of the Cross privately; when making it publicly, it suffices for the priest with the altar boys to do so. Meditate at each Station on the sufferings of our Lord.

    • These two conditions are essential. No oral prayers are prescribed; yet they are profitable.
    • A plenary indulgence* is granted to the faithful for making the Stations of the Cross under the normal conditions: one is free from all attachment from sin
  • one receives the Sacraments of Penance and the Eucharist (7 days before or after)
  • one prays for the intentions of the Pope (1 Our Father, 1 Hail Mary and 1 Glory Be)