RIP Cardinal Anthony Fernandez - Death of the 1st Cardinal of Malaysia at Age 88 - Biography

His Eminence Anthony Soter Cardinal Fernandez
22nd April 1932 – 28th October 2020
Archbishop Emeritus of Kuala Lumpur Archdiocese
It is with profound sorrow that the Archdiocese of Kuala Lumpur announces the demise of Malaysia’s first cardinal, His Eminence Anthony Soter Cardinal Fernandez, who has peacefully passed on Wed, 28th October at 12.35pm at St Francis Xavier Home for the Elderly in Cheras.
His Eminence, who was the second archbishop of the Archdiocese of Kuala Lumpur, was diagnosed with tongue cancer in November 2019 and had been receiving palliative care at the St Francis Xavier Home, where he had been residing since 2013.

Due to restrictions under the CMCO, the Funeral Mass will not be opened to the public
but will be live streamed from ArchKL YouTube Channel -

Eternal rest grant unto him O Lord, and let perpetual light shine upon him.
May the souls of all the faithful departed, through the mercy of God, rest in peace. Amen.
Revd Fr Michael Chua
Archdiocese of Kuala Lumpur

BIOGRAPHY of His Eminence Anthony Soter Cardinal Fernandez
Archbishop Emeritus of Kuala Lumpur Archdiocese
Date of Birth: 22nd April 1932
Ordained as Priest: 10th Dec 1966
Appointed Bishop of Penang: 29th Sept 1977
Ordained Bishop: 17th Feb 1978
Appointed Archbishop of Kuala Lumpur: 30th
July 1983
Installed as Archbishop: 10th Nov 1983
Retired as Archbishop of Kuala Lumpur: 24th May
Designation to the College of Cardinals: 9th Oct 2016
Elevated as Cardinal: 19th Nov 2016
Departed: 28th Oct 2020
Early Life
Anthony Soter Cardinal Fernandez was born in Sungei Petani, Kedah, and had his early education in Klian Pauh Convent, Taiping from 1940 to 1941. His studies were disrupted by World War II. At the end of the war, he continued his education at St Theresa School and
Ibrahim School in Sungei Petani.
Following the demise of his father in 1946, he had to put aside his studies and assume the role of bread winner for the family. His main priority was to care for his mother and ensure that his younger brother would get a proper and uninterrupted education. He worked as a
Hospital Assistant from 1947 to 1954.
At the encouragement of the late Monsignor I.J. Aloysius and the late Archbishop Dominic Vendargon, he was led to discern the priesthood. He joined the minor seminary in Singapore in 1958 at the age of 26. He completed his priestly formation at College General in 1966 and
was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Dominic Vendargon at the Cathedral of the Assumption, Penang on Dec 10 of the same year.
Life as a Priest
His first assignment after ordination was as assistant priest and later parish priest at the Church of St Louis in Taiping where he served for three years. He was subsequently sent for further studies at the International Training Institute for World Churchmen and the East Asian
Pastoral Institute in Manila, Philippines. In 1972, he attended the Intensive Training Institute at the National Biblical Catechetical-Liturgical Centre in Bangalore, India. 

Upon his return, he visited parishes and schools in the diocese to share his knowledge and to form catechetical groups in various areas. In 1973, he was appointed as a professor in College General to initiate students into the priestly life. When the post of rector became vacant in 1975, he was appointed rector.
Following the elevation of Bishop Gregory Yong of Penang as the Archbishop of Singapore,
Pope St Paul VI appointed Fr Soter as Bishop-elect of Penang on Sept 29, 1977 and he was consecrated as Bishop of Penang on Feb 17, 1978.
On Nov 10, 1983, Bishop Soter was given the honour of stepping into the shoes of his mentor, Archbishop Vendargon, as the second archbishop of the Archdiocese of Kuala Lumpur. He tendered his resignation on May 24, 2003 due to ill health at the age of 71.
Upon his retirement, His Eminence served as spiritual director at College General Seminary in Penang from 2005 to 2012 and then returned to Kuala Lumpur Archdiocese to take up residence and serve as chaplain at the St. Francis Xavier Home for the Elderly (Little Sisters of the Poor) in Cheras.
Anthony Soter Fernandez was raised to the rank of a Cardinal by Pope Francis on 19th
November 2016.
His concern for the direction of the Catholic Church in Peninsular Malaysia was evident in the
early years of his priesthood. He was one of the architects of the 1976 Aggiornamento
(pastoral renewal of the local church). That one-month gathering involving clergy from the
three dioceses of Peninsular Malaysia produced a new pastoral thrust for the local church
which identified the need for Christ-centred communities along with four related needs: unity
among the faithful, formation, dialogue between Christians and those of other faiths and
integral human development of the poor.
His Eminence was an advocate and pioneer in promoting the use of the National Language in
the local church. He exhorted Malaysian Christians to use Bahasa Malaysia as widely as
possible, “not merely because our children are more proficient in that language, but as a sign
of our commitment to and love for our country.” He also pointed out that the Church must
pay more attention to the local language and culture if it is to remain faithful to the postVatican Council II idea of inculturation. For this reason, he was the first bishop to use Bahasa
Malaysia in his episcopal motto, ‘Keadilan dan Keamanan’ (Justice and Peace) when he was
ordained Bishop of Penang. 

His episcopal motto is powerfully reflected in his pastoral priorities and projects. He took up
justice and peace issues both within the church as well as in the larger society. This led him to set up of the Justice and Peace Commission in the Penang diocese. Recognising his contribution in this area, he was elected Chairman of the Office for Human Development of
the Federation of Asian Bishops’ Conference in 1984.
Known to be a champion of human rights and an advocate for the poor and the marginalised, he promoted social justice programmes under National Office for Human Development
(NOHD). This work eventually led to detention of several church workers and volunteers
during Operation Lallang in 1987. His Eminence was a courageous and outspoken critic of
preventive detentions without trial under draconian laws.
His Eminence put great emphasis on the creation of BECs (Basic Ecclesial Communities), on
Family Life and inter-religious dialogue and ecumenism. He took concrete steps to make BECs
foundational to parish life.
Other notable initiatives undertaken by His Eminence during his tenure as Archbishop include:
• Establishment of Archdiocesan Single Adults & Youth Office (ASAYO).
• Establishment of Sri Seronok Retirement Village.
• Inaugurating the HERALD, the Catholic Weekly Newspaper.
• Establishment of the first private Catholic school, Sekolah Menengah Stella Maris.
• Establishment of the Archdiocesan Pastoral Institute.
Many lay movements and associations found their proper place in the Archdiocese. He had a special interest for the marginalised. He reached out to the Orang Asli communities and made frequent visits to be with his people in the rural areas. The Deaf, the Blind and those with
disabilities always had a special place in his heart. He was especially close to the residents of Asrama Cahaya, Bukit Nanas.
When he was elected as the President of the Malaysian Consultative Council for Buddhism,
Christianity, Hinduism and Sikhism in 2001, His Eminence expressed his hope for unity and understanding among the religions. He said, “The fabric of our nation is composed of rich
cultures and of various religions. Any religion that imposes its teachings with less respect for
other religions destroys the very fabric itself. Thus it is the sacred duty of all members of the MCCBCHS to collaborate with all religions to uphold truth and justice to all.” Therefore, it is no surprise that His Eminence’s life-long friends include people of other faiths and Christians from other denominations.