Bishops' Conference of Italy Approves 5 Points of Action for Prevention of Abuse - after Listening to Cardinal O'Malley's Message - FULL TEXT

The Catholic bishops of Italy under their new leadership of Cardinal Mario Zuppi released the final commiqué from their 76th General Assembly, held in Rome. (23 to 27 May 2022)

During the assembly the president of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors Cardinal Sean Patrick O'Malley provided a video message with 7 points of action to prevent abuse (see full text below).

The General Assembly also approved a determination with five lines of action for a more effective prevention of the phenomenon of abuse of minors and vulnerable people. The Bishops, sensitive and close to the pain of the victims and survivors of all forms of abuse, reaffirmed their readiness to listen, to dialogue and to the search for truth and justice. Moreover, a commitment already undertaken with the  2019 Guidelines  .

The video message of Cardinal Sean Patrick O'Malley, President of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors, with appreciation for the efforts of the Churches in Italy, was received by the Bishops with gratitude, in particular for the encouragement expressed to continue on the road taken. This is a sign of a collaboration that has intensified in recent months between the CEI and the Pontifical Commission.

1. The Bishops' decision aims to strengthen the network of diocesan referents and related services for the protection of minors and vulnerable people. Already established starting from 2019 in all 226 Italian dioceses, this reality will now be supported with training courses aimed at pastoral workers (priests, men and women religious, catechists, educators, teachers of religion ...) and those called to deal with legal aspects . With this action, it is intended to promote, even more widely, a culture of respect and dignity for minors and vulnerable people.

2. The commitment was then reiterated to implement the establishment of the Hearing Centers, which currently cover 70% of the Italian dioceses, to welcome and listen to those who want to report recent or past abuses, and to address to those in charge according to the need expressed by the people: a doctor, a psychologist, a lawyer, the judiciary, the police, a spiritual companion, a couple counselor, etc. Listening Centers are an open door to places close to people (a family counseling center, a professional office, etc.), with trained leaders - mostly lay and lay people - available for first listening, a service that is proving to be very valuable .

3. The Bishops have also decided to produce a first national report on prevention and training activities and on cases of abuse reported or reported to the diocesan and interdiocesan services network in the last two years (2020-2021). The data will be collected and analyzed by an academic research center. The reports will then be held annually and will constitute a valuable tool for improving, in terms of quality and effectiveness, the training action of the Services and that of welcoming and listening to the Centers. They will then give a signal of transparency, since they will be made public. The Churches in Italy thus accepted Pope Francis' invitation to the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors, which asked for "a report on the Church's initiatives for the protection of minors and vulnerable adults".

4. Thanks to a new space for collaboration opened in recent months with the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, it will then be possible to know and analyze, in a quantitative and qualitative way, the data kept in the same Congregation, guaranteeing due confidentiality. These data refer to alleged or ascertained crimes perpetrated by clerics in Italy in the period 2000-2021. The analysis will be conducted in collaboration with independent research institutes, which will guarantee high-level scientific and moral profiles, and will allow for a deeper and more objective knowledge of the phenomenon. This will make it possible to improve prevention and contrast measures, to accompany victims and survivors with greater awareness and to refine the criteria for other research.

5. Finally, as already announced, the CEI is now participating as a permanent guest at the Observatory for the fight against pedophilia and child pornography, established by law 269/1998. The Bishops took note with great favor of this possibility of collaboration with public institutions for the study and monitoring of the prevention and contrast of sexual abuse and exploitation to the detriment of minors throughout Italian society.

These five lines of action are not a closed list to possible developments, far from it: it is the will of the Bishops to take any step so that the phenomenon of abuse is resolutely opposed, promoting safe environments and suitable for the smallest and most vulnerable.

Source: Excerpt from

FULL TEXT Video Message of Cardinal Seán O'Malley  to the General Assembly of the Italian Bishops' Conference taking place in Rome (Vatican News)
Cardinal Seán O'Malley, Archbishop of Boston, President of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors

Pace e bene!

My brothers, you are in the Upper Room.

In these days before Pentecost, you are indeed like the apostles gathered around Our Lady and Peter praying for the Holy Spirit to be poured out on the Church. St Francis of Assisi wanted the friars to celebrate chapters close to Pentecost so that the Holy Spirit could be the Father General of the order. May the Holy Spirit be poured out on our Church and especially on your Bishops' Conference as you are called to make so many challenging decisions.

These are difficult matters to discuss. It might be even more difficult to arrive at some common action among yourselves on how to handle them comprehensively. But I applaud your efforts like many others. We in the Pontifical Commission are ready to offer whatever help we can.

Even after forty years of ministry as a priest and bishop engaged in some way or other with the issue of child protection and sexual abuse by clergy, I still consider myself learning new things about these matters.

As you can imagine, no young priest or bishop would ever choose to have to spend so much of his ministry dealing with these issues. During my first 20 years as a priest, I worked as a chaplain to the mostly Latino immigrant community in Washington, DC. These 20 years were some of the happiest of my priesthood.

Since that time, I have been called to serve as bishop in four different dioceses in the United States, each one with a progressively worse profile in terms of the history of child sexual abuse by clergy and its mishandling by pastors.

One of the greatest difficulties during that time has been the challenge of sitting down with survivors individually or in groups and listening to the stories of abuse. As I am sure you know, it can be heart-stopping to hear firsthand the experience of sexual abuse by a member of the clergy. It can be especially difficult when the person is remembering the abuse that might have taken place many years ago. But when they sit there and open their hearts, for them it might seem like it happened only yesterday.

I had the honor of arranging meetings of survivors with Emeritus Pope Benedict XVI as well as with Pope Francis, both of whom have undertaken a mostly hidden ministry of mercy in the way they have constantly reached out to survivors.

Of course, the pain and incomprehensible wickedness revealed in those periods of testimony can quickly give way to expressions of anger by survivors at the Church and her leadership. At times the demands of survivors can be so overwhelming, that it can lead to frustration and further anger by survivors. Sometimes, and perhaps rightly so, it seems there is no adequate steps we can take to make things rights for those who have been abused. It is perhaps the most difficult part of being a pastor: knowing that our listening and our efforts at healing and justice will likely fall short of what survivors are looking for. It’s a sober reminder that ultimately only God’s grace can make whole what sin has broken.

I remember one story when I was bishop in Fall River, in Massachusetts. The diocese decided to organize a listening session with those angry at the way the Church had dealt with accusations of abuse in the past. We had received a lot of angry letters and calls about the history of abuse in the diocese especially in light of some very difficult cases of abuse.

I remember driving to the pastoral center where the meeting was taking place with one of the married deacons from the diocese. During the journey, the deacon knew that I was a little preoccupied about the upcoming meeting because I was silent the whole way. As we arrived we could see that there were many other cars in the parking lot and the hall seemed to be full. As I got out of the car, the deacon said to me: Don’t worry, bishop, I will keep the engine running.

And to this day I remember that meeting very well. It was contentious and full of disappointment and anger not only about the sexual abuse perpetrated by some priests, but about the way it had been handled; the way people had been ignored in their suffering and the way the history had been erased. It was one of many meetings that I have taken part in over the years.

I have come to appreciate some fundamental insights because of all this. We have nothing to fear by telling the truth. The truth will set us free. Acknowledging people’s stories of abuse, listening to survivors and committing to working together is not easy, but I can tell you after 40 years that it is the only way.

Papa Montini was correct when he said that the Church is an expert in humanity. In this way, we can surely find ways to embrace the human lives that have been broken by the painful reality of abuse in our Church. This work of listening, healing and justice is being asked of us since it belongs to the fundamental ministry of a priest and pastor: to welcome people and to be instruments of God’s grace for those who have been hurt by life, even when that hurt comes from within our own ranks. One of the strongest desires of the human heart is to feel safe. Our people want to feel safe in our Church and that means they want to be strengthened in their faith by their pastors.

And here I would like to say a few things that might be helpful in your discussions.

The reality is that we will be judged on our response to the abuse crisis in the Church. We need a pastoral conversion that includes the following:

1. An effective pastoral care of victims;

2. Clear guidance (and vigilance) on training courses for staff in the diocese;

3. Adequate and accurate screening;

4. Removal of perpetrators of abuse;

5. Cooperation with civil authorities;

6. Careful assessment of the risks existing for priests guilty of abuse (for themselves and the community) once they have been reduced to the lay state;

7. Public verification of the protocols in place so that people know the policies are working. An audit and report on the implementation of the policies is very useful.

The good news is that where effective policies are adopted and effectively implemented, the number of cases is dramatically reduced.

The biggest obstacle to this pastoral conversion is the tendency among us to immediately defend the Church from those who appear to attack the Church for its mistakes and demand what can seem like unreasonable changes. Of course, defending the Church may seem a natural reaction especially for bishops who have been charged with protecting the flock and the Church to which they belong. Pope Francis has spoken about this tendency often and has spoken about the need to err on the side of welcome and to not become too defensive.

Indeed, our Holy Father has described the Church as a field hospital, tending to those who have been broken and wounded by the world. I would simply add that the scourge of sexual abuse within the Church can be likened to a something that one gets while you are in the hospital. No-one in the hospital – especially the management of the hospital – wants to admit that you got sick in the place where you are supposed to get well. I think this might account for why it is difficult to accept and respond collectively to the reality of historical abuse in our Church.

Another point I’d like to make relates to how credibility can be assured and strengthened in our Church. Recently, Pope Francis asked the Commission to prepare a report on all the efforts being made to keep children and vulnerable persons safe in our Church. There can be no doubt that the Church is one of the principal global trainers of good practices around the protection of minors. In the United States over the last twenty years, I cannot think of a single entity that has trained as many people in good safeguarding practices as the Catholic Church. This story also needs to be highlighted. And this witness to good practice that will be seen in the Commission’s annual report to the Holy Father will, according to Pope Francis, help rebuild credibility between clergy and the people. The Pope has said: “Without that progress, the faithful will continue to lose trust in their pastors, and preaching and witnessing to the Gospel will become increasingly difficult.” More than a defense of the institution or a legal requirement imposed on the Church, good practice and good reporting help prepares the ground for the Good News.

As you chart the way forward, the history of abuse in our Church will come into the light more and more. This has been a normal process in every country where we have seen this happen. Pope Francis has spoken about the need for an appropriate hermeneutic so that we don’t judge the realities of the past with the criteria of today. Sexual abuse has always been wrong, for sure. But the response of leaders in the Church and in civil society has also been wrong. We have learnt a great deal over these past forty years. We have come to see and understand how it has ruined lives, led to substance addictions and even the tragedy of known and hidden suicides. There is a sea of suffering that we are called to face up to.

Let us not be afraid of accepting the wrong that has been done to many of our brothers and sisters. Hindsight can be a very cruel judge. Where individuals have failed in their duty, we must take decisive steps to hold them accountable for their mistakes. Without justice, there is no healing. If victims are deprived of justice, it will be difficult to find a lasting solution to these problems.

During the life of the Commission, we have seen the reality of abuse of children – especially from the past – unfold in more and more parts of our Church and our world. No part of our world is exempt from dealing with these issues. Given the depth and the experience of the Church in Italy, I believe you have a unique opportunity to develop an honest and non-defensive dialogue with all those involved, at the national and local levels, who are willing to undertake a constructive process of review, of reform and of reconciliation.

Lastly, I would like to say a word on something that might be easy to overlook. It is highly likely that there are some among your priests who were abused by members of the clergy, as children or perhaps in their seminary years. Remember that there are services available and that you are not alone. The reality of abuse is always close to all of us, unfortunately. Whether in our families, our communities or, yes even in our Church. Let us ask the Lord to give us special wisdom, to be guided by the Spirit of Pentecost, renewing all things in the Risen Lord.

Thank you all very much for you time and may God bless you.
 + Sean Cardinal O'Malley, OFM Cap.