Dramani Mahama won the election with 50.7% of the votes according to an announcement by the Electoral Commission in Accra.
His main opponent, Nana Akufo-Addo, of the National Patriotic Party (NPP), trailed behind him with 47.7% of the vote. The other six contenders for the presidency did not exceed 0.8% of the vote.
The turnout set a record, with the participation of 79% of the 13 million eligible voters electing a new president and 275 parliamentarians.
Electoral observers from the Commonwealth, the Community of West African countries (ECOWAS) and the local group ‘Codeo’ said that the vote was “peaceful and transparent.”
However, the NPP has contested the outcome of the polls in a statement saying, “We have enough evidence available to show that the 2012 presidential elections were won by Nana Akufo-Addo,” read the statement.
NPP suspects that there was a system of organized fraud for the benefit of the party in power National Democratic Congress which they say erased votes for its candidate.
The direction of the NPP has also asked for a detailed verification of the counting of the ballots and equipment used for the poll.
Hundreds of supporters of the opposition party were dispersed by police with tear gas while protesting outside the headquarters of the Election Commission in the capital, denouncing fraud and irregularities.
The headquarters of the NDC on the other hand, celebrated the victory of Dramani Mahama to the sound of vuvuzelas. After news of his re-confirmation as President, Mahama, who has been serving as president since July after the sudden death of his predecessor, John Atta Mills said he accepted the victory with humility and called on all parties involved in the election to “respect the voice of the people.”
From the political-institutional perspective, Ghana is considered one of the most stable countries on the continent.
According to international statistics, in 2012 its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has grown by 14%, and for next year it is expected to increase by 8%.
Despite being a country of great economic opportunities from oil to cocoa and infrastructure services since the start of oil production in 2010, up to date its per capita income does not exceed an average of four dollars a day
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