13 new Cardinals were created at Consistory in Vatican on Saturday, October 5, 2019.
The word “consistory” comes from the Latin “consistorium”, meaning “a place of assembly” – because the Latin verb “consistere” means, literally, “to stand together”.
(FULL VIDEO of Mass at Bottom of this Post)
Symbols of the consistory
The ceremony includes the presentation of rings and a red hat. The colour itself is a symbol of the blood the Cardinal should be ready to shed, if called to “lay down his life for his sheep”. He is also assigned a titular church in Rome, and his coat of arms may be displayed at the entrance, alongside that of the reigning Pontiff.
Names of the 13 New Cardinals (biographies below):
Prior to Saturday's Consistory, the College of Cardinals included 212 members, 118 of whom are electors. Of the new Cardinals, 10 are under the age of 80, which means they are eligible to vote in the conclave that will elect the next Pope. (Above - Edited from VaticanNews.va)
Below Full Text Homily of the Holy Father, Pope Francis at Consistory:
ORDINARY PUBLIC ORGANIZATION FOR THE CREATION OF THIRTEEN CARDINALS
HOMILY OF THE HOLY FATHER FRANCIS
Saturday, October 5, 2019
At the center of the Gospel story we heard (Mk 6.30-37a) is the "compassion" of Jesus (see verse 34). Compassion, the key word of the Gospel; it is written in the heart of Christ, it is forever written in the heart of God.
In the Gospels we often see Jesus feeling compassion for suffering people. And the more we read, the more we contemplate, and the more we understand that the Lord's compassion is not an occasional, sporadic attitude, but is constant, indeed, it seems to be the attitude of his heart, in which the mercy of God was incarnated.
Mark, for example, reports that when Jesus began to go through Galilee preaching and chasing away demons, "a leper came to him, begging him on his knees and saying to him:" If you want, you can purify me! ". He took pity on him, held out his hand, touched it and said to him: "I want it, be purified!" »(1,40-42). In this gesture and in these words there is the mission of Jesus Redeemer of man: Redeemer in compassion. He embodies God's will to purify the sick human being from the leprosy of sin; He is the "outstretched hand of God" that touches our sick flesh and accomplishes this work by filling the abyss of separation.
Jesus goes to look for the rejected people, those who are now hopeless. Like that paralytic man for thirty-eight years, lying near the pool of Betzatà, waiting in vain for someone to help him to go down into the water (see Jn 5: 1-9).
This compassion has not sprung up at some point in the history of salvation, no, it has always been in God, imprinted in his Father's heart. Let us think of the story of Moses' vocation, for example, when God speaks to him from the burning bush and says to him: "I have observed the misery of my people in Egypt and I heard his cry [...]: I know his sufferings" (Ex 3 , 7). Here is the compassion of the Father!
God's love for his people is all imbued with compassion, to the point that, in this covenant relationship, what is divine is compassionate, while unfortunately it seems that what is human is so devoid of it, so far away. God himself says it: "How could I abandon you, Ephraim, how to surrender yourself to others, Israel? [...] My heart is moved inside me, my intimate trembles with compassion. [...] Because I am God and not man, I am the Saint in your midst and I will not come into my wrath "(Hos 11: 8-9).
Jesus' disciples often demonstrate that they are without compassion, as in this case, faced with the problem of crowds to feed. They basically say: "Let them manage ...". It is a common attitude among us humans, even when we are religious or even religious. We wash our hands. The role we occupy is not enough to make us be compassionate, as is shown by the behavior of the priest and the Levite who, seeing a dying man on the side of the road, passed on to the other side (see Lk 10.31-32). They will have said to themselves: "It is not my place". There is always some excuse, some justification for looking at another side. And when a churchman becomes an official, this is the most bitter outcome. There are always justifications, sometimes they are also codified and give rise to "institutional waste", as in the case of lepers: "Of course, they must stay outside, that's right". So we thought, and so we think. From this very, too human attitude also derive structures of non-compassion.
At this point we can ask ourselves: are we first of all aware that we have been the object of God's compassion? I address you in particular, brother Cardinals and in the process of becoming one: is this awareness alive in you? To have been and to be always preceded and accompanied by his mercy? This consciousness was the permanent state of the immaculate heart of the Virgin Mary, who praised God as "his savior" who "looked upon the humility of his servant" (Lk 1:48).
To me it is so good to reflect myself on the page of Ezekiel 16: the story of God's love with Jerusalem; in that conclusion: "I will establish my covenant with you and you will know that I am the Lord, so that you may remember and be ashamed and, in your confusion, you no longer open your mouth when I have forgiven you what you have done" ( Ez 16.62-63). Or in that other oracle of Hosea: "I will lead you into the desert and speak to your heart. [...] There he will answer me as in the days of his youth, as when he came out of the land of Egypt "(2,16-17). We can ask ourselves: do I feel God's compassion on me? Do I feel that I am a child of compassion?
Is the awareness of this compassion of God alive for us? It is not an optional thing, nor, I would say, of an "evangelical counsel". No. This is an essential requirement. If I do not feel the object of God 's compassion, I do not understand his love. It is not a reality that can be explained. Either I feel it or I don't feel it. And if I don't feel it, how can I communicate it, witness it, give it? In fact, I won't be able to do this. Concretely: do I have compassion for that brother, for that bishop, that priest? ... Or do I always destroy with my attitude of condemnation, of indifference, of looking from a high part, actually to wash my hands?
The ability to be loyal in one's ministry also depends on this living awareness. Even for you, brother Cardinals. The word "compassion" came to my heart at the very moment I started writing to you the letter of September 1st. The willingness of a cardinal to give his own blood - signified by the red color of the suit - is certain when it is rooted in this awareness of having received compassion and in the capacity to have compassion. Otherwise, one cannot be loyal. Many unfair behaviors of churchmen depend on the lack of this sense of compassion received, and on the habit of looking from another side, from the habit of indifference.
Today, through the intercession of the Apostle Peter, we ask for the grace of a compassionate heart, to be witnesses of the One who loved us and loves us, who looked at us with mercy, who elected us, consecrated us and sent us to bring everyone his Gospel of salvation.
FULL TEXT + Image Source: Vatican.va - Unofficial Transation
Biography of New Cardinals by VaticanNews.va: