Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Saint October 25 : St. Crispin and St. Crispianus : Martyrs : Patrons of #Shoemakers

The French say Crispin and his brother Crispianus were born into a wealthy Roman family in the third century A.D. During the Diocletian persecution of Christians they escape to Noviodunum in France—later known as Soissons. Effectively disinherited and forced to fall back upon their own resources, Crispin and Crispianus become shoemakers. Though teaching the gospel was their life's work, they made shoes for the poor. Arrested and led before the Roman authorities, they were urged to recant. Both refused. Millstones were hung about their necks and they were thrown into the river Aisne. But both had the makings of sainthood in them even then and they refused to drown. At this point they were thrown into a cauldron of boiling lead, then a cauldron of pitch, then fat and oil but, they emerged unscathed. Legend suggests that they frolicked and sang until delivered by an angel. They were beheaded on November 8th, 288 A.D. on a plain near Soissons, which later became known as St. Crepin-en-Chaye.

The English version depicts Crispin and his brother as the sons of the queen of Logia, or Kent. To escape the persecution of Christians by Diocletian, the brothers dressed in commoners’ clothes and left their mother and the town of their birth—now known as Canterbury. Arriving in Faversham in the middle of the night, they knocked on a door from which a merry song emanated. This was the house of Robards, a master shoemaker. Impressed by their manners, Robards took them in. Straightaway they entered a seven year apprenticeship. So good was their work that Robards soon found himself appointed shoemaker to Maximinus, Diocletian's associate Emperor. Sent to Canterbury with shoes for Ursula, the Emperor’s daughter, Crispin was struck by her beauty and fell in love with her. After all the trials and tribulations that love and class can inflict upon them, Ursula and Crispin secretly married. When Maximinus learned of Crispin's high birth, he became reconciled to their marriage and blessed their son saying: "A shoemaker's son is a prince born." The marriage was confirmed October the 25th and celebrated with feasting and drinking. That day has ever since been the shoemakers' holiday. Shared from thehcc.org/crispin.htm - Image SHARE Google Images

Saint October 25 : St. Gaudentius of Brescia, Italy : Bishop

St. Gaudentius

Feast: October 25
Feast Day:
October 25
Brescia, Italy

Bishop of Brescia from about 387 until about 410; he was the successor of the writer on heresies, St. Philastrius. At the time of that saint's death Gaudentius was making a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. The people of Brescia bound themselves by an oath that they would accept no other bishop than Gaudentius; and St. Ambrose and other neighbouring prelates, in consequence, obliged him to return, though against his will. The Eastern bishops also threatened to refuse him Communion if he did not obey. We possess the discourse which he made before St. Ambrose and other bishops on the occasion of his consecration, in which he excuses, on the plea of obedience, his youth and his presumption in speaking. He had brought back with him from the East many precious relics of St. John Baptist and of the Apostles, and especially of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste, relics of whom he had received at Caesarea in Cappadocia from nieces of St. Basil. These and other relics from Milan and elsewhere he deposited in a basilica which he named Concilium Sanctorum. His sermon on its dedication is extant. From a letter of St. Chrysostom (Ep. clxxxiv) to Gaudentius it may be gathered that the two saints had met at Antioch. When St. Chrysostom had been condemned to exile and had appealed to Pope Innocent and the West in 405, Gaudentius warmly took his part. An embassy to the Eastern Emperor Arcadius from his brother Honorius and from the pope, bearing letters frorn both and from Italian bishops, consisted of Gaudentius and two other bishops. The envoys were seized at Athens and sent to Constantinople, being three days on a ship without food. They were not admitted into the city, but were shut up in a fortress called Athyra, on the coast of Thrace. Their credentials were seized by force, so that the thumb of one of the bishops was broken, and they were offered a large sum of money if they would communicate with Atticus, who had supplanted St. Chrysostom. They were consoled by God, and St. Paul appeared to a deacon amongst them. They were eventually put on board an unseaworthy vessel, and it was said that the captain had orders to wreck them. However, they arrived safe at Lampsacus, where they took ship for Italy, and arrived in twenty days at Otranto. Their own account of their four months' adventures has been preserved to us by Palladius (Dialogus, 4). St. Chrysostom wrote them several grateful letters.
We possess twenty-one genuine tractates by Gaudentius. The first ten are a series of Easter sermons, written down after delivery at the request of Benivolus, the chief of the Brescian nobility, who had been prevented by ill health from hearing them delivered. In the preface Gaudentius takes occasion to disown all unauthorized copies of his sermons published by shorthand writers. These pirated editions seem to have been known to Rufinus, who, in the dedication to St. Gaudentius of his translation of the pseudo-Clementine "Recognitions", praises the intellectual gifts of thne Bishop of Brescia, saying that even his extempore speaking is worthy of publication and of preservation by posterity. The style of Gaudentius is simple, and his matter is good. His body lies at Brescia in the Church of St. John Baptist, on the site of the Concilium Sanctorum. His figure is frequently seen in the altar-pieces of the great Brescian painters, Moretto, Savoldo, and Romanino. The best edition of his works is by Galeardi (Padua, 1720, and in P.L., XX). SOURCE http://www.ewtn.com/saintsHoly/saints/G/stgaudentius.asp

#PopeFrancis Jesus "He loved me and gave himself for me." #Homily

(Vatican Radio) The centre of the mystery of Jesus Christ is that he "loved me" and "gave himself" up to death, for me.
Those were the Pope’s words at Mass at Casa Santa Marta on Tuesday morning, which he said was a meditation on the Passion of the Lord, the Via Crucis. It is good to go to Mass, pray, to be good Christians, continued Pope Francis, but the central question is whether you have entered the mystery of Jesus Christ.
His homily began with the First Reading from the Letter to the Romans, in which Saint Paul uses  sin, disobedience, grace, forgiveness, to try to "bring us to understand something." Behind all this, there is the story of salvation. Therefore, since there are not enough words to explain Christ, Paul "drives us", because we fall in the midst of the mystery of Christ, "explained the Pope. These contrasts, therefore, are merely steps in the journey to fall into the mystery of Christ, which is not easy to understand. To understand "who is Jesus Christ for you," "for me," "for us," the Pope commented, is to fall into this mystery.
In another passage, Saint Paul, looking to Jesus, says, "He loved me and gave himself for me." He also notes, “there is someone willing to die for a just person, but only Jesus Christ wants to give life "for a sinner like me." With these words, said the Holy Father, Saint Paul tries to get us into the mystery of Christ. It's not easy, "it's a grace." Not only the canonized Saints have understood this, but also so many saints "hidden in daily life," humble people who only put their hope in the Lord: they entered the mystery of the crucified Jesus Christ, "which is a madness," says Paul noting that if he were to boast of something, only he could boast of "his sins and of the crucified Jesus Christ," not of the study with Gamaliel in the synagogue, or of any other. "Another contradiction," is this, which leads us to the mystery of Jesus, crucified, "in dialogue with my sins."
Pope Francis emphasized that when we go to Mass, we know that he is in the Word, that Jesus comes, but this, the Pope warned, is not enough to enter the mystery:
"Entering into the mystery of Jesus Christ is more, it is to let go into that abyss of mercy where there are no words: only the embrace of love. The love that led him to death for us. When we go to confess because we have sins, we say yes, I must have my sins taken away, let's say; or 'God forgive me for my sins, tell your sins to the confessor, and we will be calm and happy. If we do so, we have not entered into the mystery of Jesus Christ. If I go, I go to meet Jesus Christ, to enter into the mystery of Jesus Christ, to enter into that hug of forgiveness of which Paul speaks; of that gift of forgiveness. "
When asked about who is "Jesus for you", you may answer "the Son of God", you could say all the Creed, all the catechism, and it is true but we would come to a point where we would not have been able to say that at the centre of the mystery of Jesus Christ, is that he "loved me" and "gave himself up for me". "Understanding the mystery of Jesus Christ is not a matter of study," the Pope notes, because "Jesus Christ is understood only by pure grace."
Thus, a pious exercise helps us: the Way of the Cross, which consists in walking with Jesus when he gives us the "embrace of forgiveness and peace."
"It's nice to do the Via Crucis. Do it at home, thinking of moments in the Passion of the Lord. Even the great Saints always advised that we begin the spiritual life with this encounter with the mystery of Jesus Crucified. Saint Teresa advised her nuns: to get to the prayer of contemplation, the high prayer she began with the meditation of the Passion of the Lord. The Cross with Christ. Christ in the Cross. Start and think. And so, trying to understand with the heart that he loved me and gave himself for me, "he gave himself up to death for me."
Pope Francis reiterated that in the First Reading, Saint Paul wants to bring us to the abyss of the mystery of Christ.
"I am a good Christian, I go to Mass on Sunday, I do works of mercy, I pray, I educate my children well: this is very good. But the question I ask, 'You do all this, but have you entered the mystery of Jesus Christ?'
Finally, the Pope’s call was to  look at the Crucifix, "icon of the greatest mystery of creation, of all": "Christ crucified, the centre of history, the centre of my life."

#BreakingNews Pope Francis clarifies Interpretation of Head of CDF - Cardinal Sarah

ROMEREPORTS TEXT: Pope clarifies interpretation by the prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship  In September, Pope Francis modified the regulations for the translation of liturgical texts. Through the Motu Proprio, Magnum Principium or “The Great Principle” in English, the pope established that from now on the episcopal conferences, and not the Vatican, will approve liturgical translations. The Apostolic See will simply ratify what the local bishops have approved. However, Cardinal Sarah wrote his understanding of the Motu Proprio in a French Catholic journal and it was picked up by many other sites. He explained that the change did not alter the responsibility of the Holy See or its competence with regard to liturgical translations. When seeing the distribution of the note, the pope decided to intervene and to make a letter public to clarifies the alterations in the Motu Proprio. Now the episcopal conferences will have greater responsibility to make sure “each language is safeguarded,” and “the sense of the original text is rendered fully and faithfully when approving the translations.” Above all, the pope is trying to eliminate the feeling that Rome is imposing the interpretations, but it is now entrusted to the individual Bishops' Conferences. Pope Francis asked the cardinal to make this clarification public and send his letter “to all Episcopal Conferences” and to “the members and consultors” of the congregation that he heads in order to avoid any kind of misunderstanding. The pope also sincerely thanked the cardinal for his work.
Father Thomas Rosica Post from FB with explanation: 
Pope Francis writes corrective and clarifying letter to Cardinal Robert Sarah
Pope Francis has sent a rare, corrective and clarifying letter to Cardinal Robert Sarah to "express simply" and "clearly" some remarks on Motu proprio Magnum Principium on the translations of the liturgical texts and biblical texts. In the document - made public by the Holy See Press Room - addressed to the Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, the Pope emphasizes first of all the "clear difference" that the new Motu proprio establishes between recognitio (recognition) and confirmatio (confirmation). These, the Pontiff recalls, are not "synonymous" or "interchangeable". And this, he says, "to repeal the practice adopted by the Dicastery following the Liturgiam authenticam and that the new Motu Proprio had wanted to change."
Regarding the responsibility of the Episcopal Conferences to "translate faithfully (faithfully)," Pope Francis emphasizes, "it should be made clear that the judgment about Latin fidelity and any necessary corrections was the task of the Dicastery, while now the new norm grants the Episcopal Conferences the right to judge the authenticity and consistency of one and the other terms in translations from the original, along with dialogue with the Holy See. " Confirmation, the Pope adds, "does not necessarily mean a detailed word-by-word examination, except in the obvious cases that can be brought to the bishops for their further reflection." This is still stated in the letter, "it is particularly relevant for the relevant formulas, for example with the Eucharistic Prayers and especially the sacramental formulas approved by the Holy Father."
Pope Francis reiterates in his letter to Cardinal Sarah, "recognitio only indicates the verification and preservation of conformity to the law and communion of the Church." That is why, he adds, "the process of translating relevant liturgical texts (i.e. sacramental formulas, the Creed, Our Father) into a language - from which they are considered authentic translations - should not lead to a 'imposition' to the Episcopal Conferences of a given translation made by the Dicastery, as this would undermine the right of the Bishops." For the Pope it is therefore "incorrect to attribute to confirmation the purpose of recognitio (i.e. to" verify and safeguard compliance with law").
The “confirmation” (confirmation) still notes, "It is not a purely formal act but necessary for the edition of the liturgical book translated. It is granted after the version has been submitted to the Apostolic See for the ratification of the Bishops' approval in a spirit of dialogue and help to reflect if and when necessary, respecting their rights and duties, considering the legality of the process being followed and its ways. "
The Pope finally refers to the note "Commentaire", sent by Cardinal Sarah to the Pope on September 30, and "published on some websites and erroneously attributed to his person." "I ask you kindly," concludes Francesco, addressing the cardinal, "to provide for the dissemination of my reply to the same sites and to send it to all Episcopal Conferences, Members and Consultors of this Dicastery."

#BreakingNews Catholic Priest Killed in Kenya- RIP Fr. Evans Oduor - Please Pray

AFRICA/KENYA - Catholic priest killed; tension increases on the eve of the presidential vote

Nairobi (Agenzia Fides) - A Kenyan priest was killed: Fr. Evans Juma Oduor, who was found unconscious on Sunday evening, October 22 near a sugar cane plant near Chiga Market Center in Muhoroni, 30 km from the Convent of Nyabondo. The burned carcass of his car was five kilometers away from where the priest was found.
Brought to the hospital, Fr. Evans, who had head injuries, died a few hours later without regaining conscious. Fr. Evans was parish priest at the church of Sigomore, part of the Archdiocese of Kisumu, in the West of Kenya.
According to the local press, two weeks ago, Fr. Evans had launched a public appeal to the government to stop killing the Luo, Raila Odinga’s ethnic group, the leading opponent of outgoing President Uhuru Kenyatta in the August 8th presidential election, then nullified by the Supreme Court, on the appeal of Odinga himself .
Tension in Kenya is very high on the eve of the repetition of the presidential vote to be held on 26 October and boycotted by Odinga (see Fides 11/10/2017) as a protest for failing to accept his request for a review of the composition of the Independent Electoral Commission (IEBC), at the center of a political controversy. On the other hand, the Supreme Court had justified the decision to annul the vote of 8 August because the Electoral Commission "ignored or refused to conduct the presidential elections in a coherent manner with the dictates of the Constitution" (see Fides 1/9/2017).
Over the last few days, over 40 people have lost their lives during the clashes with the police. Political controversy has also taken on an ethnic dimension that recall the serious incidents that broke out about 10 years ago after the controversial December 2007 presidential election that had caused thousands of deaths and millions of internally displaced persons. (L.M.) (Agenzia Fides, 24/10/2017)

Today's Mass Readings and Video : Tuesday October 24, 2017 - #Eucharist

Tuesday of the Twenty-ninth Week in Ordinary Time
Lectionary: 474

Reading 1ROM 5:12, 15B, 17-19, 20B-21

Brothers and sisters:
Through one man sin entered the world,
and through sin, death,
and thus death came to all men, inasmuch as all sinned.

If by that one person's transgression the many died,
how much more did the grace of God
and the gracious gift of the one man Jesus Christ
overflow for the many.
For if, by the transgression of the one,
death came to reign through that one,
how much more will those who receive the abundance of grace
and the gift of justification
come to reign in life through the one Jesus Christ.
In conclusion, just as through one transgression
condemnation came upon all,
so, through one righteous act
acquittal and life came to all.
For just as through the disobedience of one man
the many were made sinners,
so, through the obedience of the one
the many will be made righteous.
Where sin increased, grace overflowed all the more,
so that, as sin reigned in death,
grace also might reign through justification
for eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Responsorial Psalm PS 40:7-8A, 8B-9, 10, 17

R. (8a and 9a) Here I am, Lord; I come to do your will.
Sacrifice or oblation you wished not,
but ears open to obedience you gave me.
Burnt offerings or sin offerings you sought not;
then said I, "Behold I come."
R. Here I am, Lord; I come to do your will.
"In the written scroll it is prescribed for me,
To do your will, O my God, is my delight,
and your law is within my heart!"
R. Here I am, Lord; I come to do your will.
I announced your justice in the vast assembly;
I did not restrain my lips, as you, O LORD, know.
R. Here I am, Lord; I come to do your will.
May all who seek you
exult and be glad in you,
And may those who love your salvation
say ever, "The LORD be glorified."
R. Here I am, Lord; I come to do your will.

AlleluiaLK 21:36

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
Be vigilant at all times and pray
that you may have the strength to stand before the Son of Man.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

GospelLK 12:35-38

Jesus said to his disciples:
"Gird your loins and light your lamps
and be like servants who await their master's return from a wedding,
ready to open immediately when he comes and knocks.
Blessed are those servants
whom the master finds vigilant on his arrival.
Amen, I say to you, he will gird himself,
have them recline at table, and proceed to wait on them.
And should he come in the second or third watch
and find them prepared in this way,
blessed are those servants."