Monday, July 21, 2014

Saint July 22 : St. Mary Magdalene : Patron of Prostitutes, Hairdressers, Converts and Temptation

St. Mary Magdalene
Feast: July 22

Feast Day:July 22
1st century AD, Magdala
Died:1st century AD, Ephesus, Asia Minor or Marseilles, France
Patron of:apothecaries; contemplative life; converts; glove makers; hairdressers; penitent sinners; people ridiculed for their piety; perfumeries; pharmacists; reformed prostitutes; sexual temptation; tanners; women

EWTN Live Special Edition
Fr. Mitch Pacwa and Fr. Thomas Michelet Discuss the story of St. Mary Magdalene and the relic, which came to the U.S. from France for the first time: 100K300K
Mary Magdalen was so called either from Magdala near Tiberias, on the west shore of Galilee, or possibly from a Talmudic expression meaning "curling women's hair," which the Talmud explains as of an adulteress.
In the New Testament she is mentioned among the women who accompanied Christ and ministered to Him (Luke 8:2-3), where it is also said that seven devils had been cast out of her (Mark 16:9). She is next named as standing at the foot of the cross (Mark 15:40; Matthew 27:56; John 19:25; Luke 23:49). She saw Christ laid in the tomb, and she was the first recorded witness of the Resurrection.
The Greek Fathers, as a whole, distinguish the three persons:
* the "sinner" of Luke 7:36-50;
* the sister of Martha and Lazarus, Luke 10:38-42 and John 11; and
* Mary Magdalen.
On the other hand most of the Latins hold that these three were one and the same. Protestant critics, however, believe there were two, if not three, distinct persons. It is impossible to demonstrate the identity of the three; but those commentators undoubtedly go too far who assert, as does Westcott (on John 11:1), "that the identity of Mary with Mary Magdalene is a mere conjecture supported by no direct evidence, and opposed to the general tenour of the gospels." It is the identification of Mary of Bethany with the "sinner" of Luke 7:37, which is most combatted by Protestants. It almost seems as if this reluctance to identify the "sinner" with the sister of Martha were due to a failure to grasp the full significance of the forgiveness of sin. The harmonizing tendencies of so many modern critics, too, are responsible for much of the existing confusion.
The first fact, mentioned in the Gospel relating to the question under discussion is the anointing of Christ's feet by a woman, a "sinner" in the city (Luke 7:37-50). This belongs to the Galilean ministry, it precedes the miracle of the feeding of the five thousand and the third Passover. Immediately afterwards St. Luke describes a missionary circuit in Galilee and tells us of the women who ministered to Christ, among them being "Mary who is called Magdalen, out of whom seven devils were gone forth" (Luke 8:2); but he does not tell us that she is to be identified with the "sinner" of the previous chapter. In 10:38-42, he tells us of Christ's visit to Martha and Mary "in a certain town"; it is impossible to identify this town, but it is clear from 9:53, that Christ had definitively left Galilee, and it is quite possible that this "town" was Bethany. This seems confirmed by the preceding parable of the good Samaritan, which must almost certainly have been spoken on the road between Jericho and Jerusalem. But here again we note that there is no suggestion of an identification of the three persons (the "sinner", Mary Magdalen, and Mary of Bethany), and if we had only St. Luke to guide us we should certainly have no grounds for so identifying them. St. John, however, clearly identifies Mary of Bethany with the woman who anointed Christ's feet (12; cf. Matthew 26 and Mark 14). It is remarkable that already in 11:2, St. John has spoken of Mary as "she that anointed the Lord's feet", he aleipsasa; It is commonly said that he refers to the subsequent anointing which he himself describes in 12:3-8; but it may be questioned whether he would have used he aleipsasa if another woman, and she a "sinner" in the city, had done the same. It is conceivable that St. John, just because he is writing so long after the event and at a time when Mary was dead, wishes to point out to us that she was really the same as the "sinner." In the same way St. Luke may have veiled her identity precisely because he did not wish to defame one who was yet living; he certainly does something similar in the case of St. Matthew whose identity with Levi the publican (5:7) he conceals.
If the foregoing argument holds good, Mary of Bethany and the "sinner" are one and the same. But an examination of St. John's Gospel makes it almost impossible to deny the identity of Mary of Bethany with Mary Magdalen. From St. John we learn the name of the "woman" who anointed Christ's feet previous to the last supper. We may remark here that it seems unnecessary to hold that because St. Matthew and St. Mark say "two days before the Passover", while St. John says "six days" there were, therefore, two distinct anointings following one another. St. John does not necessarily mean that the supper and the anointing took place six days before, but only that Christ came to Bethany six days before the Passover. At that supper, then, Mary received the glorious encomium, "she hath wrought a good work upon Me . . . in pouring this ointment upon My body she hath done it for My burial . . . wheresoever this Gospel shall be preached . . . that also which she hath done shall be told for a memory of her." Is it credible, in view of all this, that this Mary should have no place at the foot of the cross, nor at the tomb of Christ? Yet it is Mary Magdalen who, according to all the Evangelists, stood at the foot of the cross and assisted at the entombment and was the first recorded witness of the Resurrection. And while St. John calls her "Mary Magdalen" in 19:25, 20:1, and 20:18, he calls her simply "Mary" in 20:11 and 20:16.
In the view we have advocated the series of events forms a consistent whole; the "sinner" comes early in the ministry to seek for pardon; she is described immediately afterwards as Mary Magdalen "out of whom seven devils were gone forth"; shortly after, we find her "sitting at the Lord's feet and hearing His words." To the Catholic mind it all seems fitting and natural. At a later period Mary and Martha turn to "the Christ, the Son of the Living God", and He restores to them their brother Lazarus; a short time afterwards they make Him a supper and Mary once more repeats the act she had performed when a penitent. At the Passion she stands near by; she sees Him laid in the tomb; and she is the first witness of His Resurrection--excepting always His Mother, to whom He must needs have appeared first, though the New Testament is silent on this point. In our view, then, there were two anointings of Christ's feet--it should surely be no difficulty that St. Matthew and St. Mark speak of His head--the first (Luke 7) took place at a comparatively early date; the second, two days before the last Passover. But it was one and the same woman who performed this pious act on each occasion.

The Greek Church maintains that the saint retired to Ephesus with the Blessed Virgin and there died, that her relics were transferred to Constantinople in 886 and are there preserved. Gregory of Tours (De miraculis, I, xxx) supports the statement that she went to Ephesus. However, according to a French tradition , Mary, Lazarus, and some companions came to Marseilles and converted the whole of Provence. Magdalen is said to have retired to a hill, La Sainte-Baume, near by, where she gave herself up to a life of penance for thirty years. When the time of her death arrived she was carried by angels to Aix and into the oratory of St. Maximinus, where she received the viaticum; her body was then laid in an oratory constructed by St. Maximinus at Villa Lata, afterwards called St. Maximin. History is silent about these relics till 745, when according to the chronicler Sigebert, they were removed to Vézelay through fear of the Saracens. No record is preserved of their return, but in 1279, when Charles II, King of Naples, erected a convent at La Sainte-Baume for the Dominicans, the shrine was found intact, with an inscription stating why they were hidden. In 1600 the relics were placed in a sarcophagus sent by Clement VIII, the head being placed in a separate vessel. In 1814 the church of La Sainte-Baume, wrecked during the Revolution, was restored, and in 1822 the grotto was consecrated afresh. The head of the saint now lies there, where it has lain so long, and where it has been the centre of so many pilgrimages.


RIP Bishop Tony Palmer - Friend of Pope Francis - Recorded Video for Evangelicals from Pope

Evangelical Bishop Tony Palmer, friend of Pope Francis, has died in a motorcycle accident on Sunday July 20,  2014. Palmer was born in Britain but lived in South Africa when he was younger. He died in hospital after surgery due to his motorcycle accident in the UK. He lived with his wife Emiliana and two children in Trowbridge, Wiltshire. Palmer was a bishop with the Communion of Evangelical Episcopal Churches. In January Pope Francis sent a video message with Bishop Palmer to a charismatic conference hosted by television evangelist Kenneth Copeland. Bishop Palmer visited the Pope at the Vatican before the conference.
Palmer used his iPhone to record a message from the Pope to the Pentecostal conference. In that video, Pope Francis says to the Pentecostals, 'Let's give each other a spiritual hug.'  Introducing the video Palmer said, "Brothers and sisters, Luther's protest is over. Is yours?" He belonged to the Convergent Movement - which is linked to Anglicanism - the CEEC used the 1978 Episcopal liturgy.

RIP Sister Philomene of Australia - Nun Killed on Flight over Ukraine

Sister Philomene's Legacy Of Love, Caring, Wisdom & Compassion

Catholic Communications, Sydney Archdiocese,
21 Jul 2014
Sister Philomene Tiernan and Principal of Kincoppal-Rose Bay Hilary Johnston-Croke
Kincoppal-Rose Bay students remain devastated by the loss of Sister Philomene Tiernan, rscj who was among the 298 men, women and children who lost their lives when Malaysian Flight MH17 was shot down over Eastern Ukraine on Friday.
"They are still stunned and in shock," says Kincoppal-Rose Bay Principal, Hilary Johnston-Croke who says the chaos at the site of the downed plane is adding to their distress.
The school is providing counselling to students who have been deeply affected by the tragic loss of Sister Phil as she was affectionately known as well as all the other passengers on the doomed flight.
Photographs of Sr Phil have been posted at the entrance to the school's chapel as well as inside the chapel and students are being encouraged to pray and write their thoughts and memories of her.
Condolence books have been placed throughout the school for primary as well as senior students to remember Sr Phil and what she meant to them.

Sr Philomene Tiernan RSCJ left a legacy of kindness, love, care and love of the Sacred Heart
"Our school motto is 'Cor Unum' which means one heart and this was very much how Sr Phil lived every day of her life. She lived the love of the Sacred Heart in all her interactions each and every day," Ms Johnston-Croke says.
Sr Phil was associated with Kincoppal-Rose Bay and the Rose Bay community for more than 30 years, holding variety of roles including Director of Boarding and teaching thousands of students, while providing pastoral care inside and outside the school.
"We are all honoured to have known her," says Ms Johnson-Croke who describes the 77-year-old religious sister as her mentor and close personal friend. "Sr Phil touched, cared about and deeply influenced many many lives and the wonderful love she showed all those she dealt with, and her compassion and kindness will be greatly missed."
Born in Murgon, Queensland, Sr Phil grew up with her two brothers and one sister at the hotel and pub the Tiernan family had owned since 1912. As a child she clearly remembers the years of World War II when her uncle, Flight Sergeant Patrick Tiernan left Murgon in 1942 to join the army and head for Britain where he joined the RAAF.
Two years later, Uncle Pat as she called her 29 year old uncle, was part of the seven man crew in a Halifax MZ715 bomber shot down over the Netherlands.
A telegram sent to her father, John Tiernan in Murgon later confirmed that Flt Sgt Tiernan had died during the assault.
Not only is it a strange coincidence that both Sr Phil also died in a plane that had been shot down exactly 70 years later, but one of the reasons for her trip to Europe had been to attend a memorial service in the Dutch town of Dodwaard Uden where the body of Patrick Tiernan was buried.
Sr Philomene RSCJ pays respects to her uncle Patrick Tiernan who died when his plane was shot down over Holland during World War II
The people of the small town in the Netherlands had buried the young Flight Sergeant and tended his grave.
Over the years different members of the Tiernan family had visited the grave in Dodwaard Uden and  this year, Sr Phil was among 11 members of her extended family to journey to the Netherlands for the 70th anniversary of his death.
After the memorial service for her beloved uncle, she travelled to All Hallows College in Dublin, Ireland where she spent the month of May completing a faith and spirituality renewal course.
"She was of Irish origin generations back and really loved her stay in Ireland," says her close friend of many years, Irish Sister of the Sacred Heart, Sr Aideen Kinlen rscj. "She really loved her stay in Ireland and said it was a great 'craic' here. It wasn't her first time in Ireland. She was here a couple of years ago too."
Sr Aideen said her nephew was bowled over by the Australian sister's warmth and said "I've never met a nicer nun."
"Sr Phil was a wonderful person - a happy, committed religious woman. And she was a very outgoing type of woman with a terrific sense of humour," she says adding that she was one of the last people to spend time with the Australian-born nun.
Kincoppal-RoseBay School senior students following the Mass at St Mary's Cathedral
As part of her trip, Sr Phil attended a conference in the UK and visited ST Francis Xavier Church in Paris where the founder of the Society of the Sacred Heart is buried.
"We travelled together to Paris and went on to a retreat in Joigny. It was just her and me on the retreat and we travelled together after," Sr Aideen says, recalling how on the last day of their pilgrimage, Sr Tiernan took lots of photographs to show her students, teachers and friends back home.
The two sisters first met in Rome in 1993 when she was struggling to come to terms with the violent death of her brother, Dermot Tiernan who was the publican at the family's hotel in Murgon and had been killed when he tried to break up a fight.
Sr Aideen was one of the last people to spent time with Sr Phil and says as they talked during the retreat she suggested to Sr Phil to think about her own death and read to her a poem "So what will matter."
Students remember Sr Philomene as a warm, generous and faithful friend
Excerpts of the poem read "Ready or not, some day it will all come to an end. There will be no more sunrises, no minutes, hours or days. What will matter is not your memories that live in those that loved you. What will matter is how long you will be remembered and by whom."
For all those at Kincoppal-Rose Bay, staff and students both past and present as well as the wider community, Sr Phil will be long remembered with great love.
"She was a leading light and is an incredible loss to the Society of the Sacred Heart and a huge loss to our school community," Ms Johnston-Croke says. Shared from Archdiocese of Sydney

Death Toll in Palestine 502 Killed by Israel in Conflict - Please PRAY

ASIA NEWS REPORT: Yesterday, the most violent day: 140 Palestinians and 13 Israeli soldiers killed. Half of the Palestinian victims are women, children and the elderly. Two Israeli civilians killed as a result of rockets fired from Gaza. The UN Security Council has called for respect of international law and the protection of civilians. Netanyahu: no other choice against "terror"; Abbas: "crimes against humanity". 

Jerusalem (AsiaNews / Agencies) - The UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has termed called it Israeli airstrikes on the Gaza Strip, aiming to stop the rain of rockets on towns in the south and other areas in Israel "an atrocious action".
Since the beginning of operation "Border protection" July 8, at least 502 Palestinians have been killed, 140 in one day yesterday, the bloodiest so far.

On the Israeli side, 13 Israeli soldiers in the Golani Brigade were killed yesterday, bringing to 18 the number of Israeli victims since the start of the offensive. According to the army, seven soldiers were killed by the explosion of a bomb at the passing of one of their armored vehicles; 3 were shot in an exchange of fire with Islamic activists and 3 others in a building on fire.

The spokesman for the emergency services, Ashraf al-Qoudra says that the Israeli army launched its deadliest bombing raid in Shajaya, a suburb east of Gaza City, killing 72 Palestinians. At least nine Palestinians, including 7 children, were killed this morning during a raid in Rafah.

In a raid last night on Khan Younes, another 16 Palestinians were killed, their bodies found today under the rubble of the building. They are added to the 9 people killed yesterday.

Many people were wounded yesterday; 250  in Shajaya and 450 in the Strip.

At least half of the Palestinians killed were women, children and the elderly. The Israeli civilian casualties, because of the rockets fired from Gaza,  are people two so far. Approximately 81 thousand Palestinians have sought refuge in schools run by the UN.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said that the Shejaya raid was necessary because it is "a fortress of terror" and rocket launching center and that Israel has no other choice but to enter into densely populated areas, after having warned people to leave their homes.

The UN Security Council convened yesterday afternoon urgently calling for a cease-fire and immediately condemning the mounting number of deaths. The meeting lasted two hours and at Jordan's request demanded the observance of international humanitarian law regarding the protection of civilians.
The Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, who had also requested the emergency meeting, called the situation in Gaza "intolerable" and the Israeli attacks a "crime against humanity".

Yesterday during the Angelus, Pope Francis again asked everyone to intensify their prayer for peace in the Middle East. "Violence - he said - can never be defeated with violence. Violence can only be defeated by peace".

Shared by Asia News IT 

Today's Mass and Readings : Monday July 21, 2014

Monday of the Sixteenth Week in Ordinary Time

Lectionary: 395

Reading 1MI 6:1-4, 6-8

Hear what the LORD says:
Arise, present your plea before the mountains,
and let the hills hear your voice!
Hear, O mountains, the plea of the LORD,
pay attention, O foundations of the earth!
For the LORD has a plea against his people,
and he enters into trial with Israel.

O my people, what have I done to you,
or how have I wearied you? Answer me!
For I brought you up from the land of Egypt,
from the place of slavery I released you;
and I sent before you Moses,
Aaron, and Miriam.

With what shall I come before the LORD,
and bow before God most high?
Shall I come before him with burnt offerings,
with calves a year old?
Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams,
with myriad streams of oil?
Shall I give my first-born for my crime,
the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?
You have been told, O man, what is good,
and what the LORD requires of you:
Only to do the right and to love goodness,
and to walk humbly with your God.

Responsorial Psalm PS 50:5-6, 8-9, 16BC-17, 21 AND 23

R. (23b) To the upright I will show the saving power of God.
“Gather my faithful ones before me,
those who have made a covenant with me by sacrifice.”
And the heavens proclaim his justice;
for God himself is the judge.
R. To the upright I will show the saving power of God.
“Not for your sacrifices do I rebuke you,
for your burnt offerings are before me always.
I take from your house no bullock,
no goats out of your fold.”
R. To the upright I will show the saving power of God.
“Why do you recite my statutes,
and profess my covenant with your mouth,
Though you hate discipline
and cast my words behind you?”
R. To the upright I will show the saving power of God.
“When you do these things, shall I be deaf to it?
Or do you think that I am like yourself?
I will correct you by drawing them up before your eyes.
He that offers praise as a sacrifice glorifies me;
and to him that goes the right way I will show the salvation of God.”
R. To the upright I will show the saving power of God.

Gospel MT 12:38-42

Some of the scribes and Pharisees said to Jesus,
“Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.”
He said to them in reply,
“An evil and unfaithful generation seeks a sign,
but no sign will be given it
except the sign of Jonah the prophet.
Just as Jonah was in the belly of the whale three days and three nights,
so will the Son of Man be in the heart of the earth
three days and three nights.
At the judgment, the men of Nineveh will arise with this generation
and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah;
and there is something greater than Jonah here.
At the judgment the queen of the south will arise with this generation
and condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth
to hear the wisdom of Solomon;
and there is something greater than Solomon here.”

Saint July 21 : St. Lawrence of Brindisi : Doctor : Capuchin Franciscan

St. Lawrence of Brindisi
Feast: July 21
Born at Brindisi in 1559; died at Lisbon on 22 July, 1619. In baptism he received the names of Julius Caesar. Guglielmo de Rossi -- or Guglielmo Russi, according to a contemporary writer -- was his father's name; his mother was Elisabetta Masella. Both were excellent Christians. Of a precocious piety, Lorenzo gave early evidence of a religious vocation. The Conventuals of Brindisi were entrusted with his education. His progress in his studies was very rapid, and, when barely six, he had already given indication of his future success in oratory. Consequently, he was always the one chosen to address, in accordance with the Italian custom, a short sermon to his compatriots on the Infant Jesus during the Christmas festivities. When he was twelve years of age his father died. He then pursued his studies at Venice with the clerics of St. Mark's and under the supervision of one of his uncles. In 1575 he was received into the Order of Capuchins under the name of Brother Lorenzo, and, after his preofession, made his philosophical and theological studies at the University of Padua. Owing to his wonderful memory he mastered not only the principal European languages, but also most of the Semitic tongues. It was said he knew the entire original text of the Bible. Such a knowledge, in the eyes of many, could be accounted for only by supernatural assistance, and, during the process of beatification, the examiners of the saint's writings rendered the following judgment: "Vere inter sanctos Ecclesiae doctores adnumerari potest."
Such unusual talents, added to a rare virtue, fitted Brother Lorenzo for the most diverse missions. When still a deacon he preached the Lenten sermons in Venice, and his success was so great that he was called successively to all the principal cities of the peninsula. Subsequently, thanks to his numerous journeys, he was enabled to evangelize at different periods most of the countries of Europe. The sermons he left fill no less than eight folio volumes. He adopted the method of preaching in favour with the great Franciscan missionaries, or rather with apostolic workers of all times, who, aiming primarily to reach men's hearts and convert them, always adapt their style of discourse to the spiritual needs of their hearers. Brother Lorenzo held successively all the offices of his order. From 1596 to 1602 he had, as general definitor, to fix his residence in Rome. Clement VIII assigned him the task of instructing the Jews; thanks to his knowledge of Hebrew and his powerful reasoning, he brought a great number of them to recognize the truth of the Christian religion. His saintliness, combined with his great kindliness, completed the preparing of the way for the grace of conversion. His success in Rome caused him to be called to several other cities, where he also baptized numerous Jews. At the same time he was commissioned to establish houses of his order in Germany and Austria. Amid the great difficulties created by the heretics he founded the convents of Vienna, Prague, and Graz, the nuclei of three provinces. At the chapter of 1602 he was elected vicar-general. (At that time the Order of Capuchins, which had broken away from the Observants in 1528 and had an independent constitution, gave its first superior the title of vicar-general only. It was not until 1618 that Pope Paul V changed it to that of minister general). The very year of his election the new superior began the visitation of the provinces. Milan, Paris, Marseilles, Spain, received him in turn. As his coming was preceded by a great reputation for holiness, the people flocked to hear him preach and to receive his blessing. His administration characterized by wise firmness and fatherly tenderness, was of great benefit to the order. At the Chapter of 1605 he refused to undertake for a second term the government of his brethren, but until his death he was the best adviser of his successors.
It was on the occasion of the foundation of the convent of Prague (1601) that St. Lorenzo was named chaplain of the Imperial army, then about to march against the Turks. The victory of Lepanto (1571) had only temporarily checked the Moslem invasion, and several battles were still necessary to secure the final triumph of the Christian armies. Mohammed III had, since his accession (1595), conquered a large part of Hungary. The emperor, determined to prevent a further advance, sent Lorenzo of Brindisi as deputy to the German princes to obtain their cooperation. They responded to his appeal, and moreover the Duke of Mercœur, Governor of Brittany, joined the imperial army, of which he received the effective command. The attack on Albe-Royal (now Stulweissenburg) was then contemplated. To pit 18,000 men against 80,000 Turks was a daring undertaking and the generals, hesitating to attempt it, appealed to Lorenzo for advice. Holding himself responsible for victory, he communicated to the entire army in a glowing speech the ardour and confidence with which he was himself animated. As his feebleness prevented him from marching, he mounted on horseback and, crucifix in hand, took the lead of the army, which he drew irresistibly after him. Three other Capuchins were also in the ranks of the army. Although the most exposed to danger, Lorenzo was not wounded, which was universally regarded as due to a miraculous protection. The city was finally taken, and the Turks lost 30,000 men. As however they still exceeded in numbers the Christian army, they formed their lines anew, and a few days later another battle was fought. It always the chaplain who was at the head of the army. "Forward!" he cried, showing them the crucifix, "Victory is ours." The Turks were again defeated, and the honour of this double victory was attributed by the general and the entire army to Lorenzo.
Having resigned his office of vicar-general in 1605, he was sent by the pope to evangelize Germany. He here confirmed the faith of the Catholics, brought back a great number to the practice of virtue, and converted many heretics. In controversies his vast learning always gave him the advantage, and, once he had won the minds of his hearers, his saintliness and numerous miracles completed their conversion. To protect the Faith more efficaciously in their states, the Catholic princes of Germany formed the alliance called the "Catholic League". Emperor Rudolph sent Lorenzo to Philip III of Spain to persuade him to join the League. Having discharged this mission successfully, the saintly ambassador received a double mandate by virtue of which he was to represent the interests of the pope and of Madrid at the court of Maximilian of Bavaria, head of the League. He was thus, much against his wishes, compelled to settle in Munich near Maximilian. Besides being nuncio and ambassador, Lorenzo was also commissary general of his order for the provinces of Tyrol and Bavaria, and spiritual director of the Bavarian army. He was also chosen as arbitrator in the dispute which arose between the princes, and it was in fulfillment of this rtle that, at the request of the emperor, he restored harmony between the Duke of Mantua and a German nobleman. In addition to all these occupations he undertook, with the assistance of several Capuchins, a missionary campaign throughout Germany, and for eight months travelled in Bavaria, Saxony, and the Palatinate.
Amid so many various undertakings Lorenzo found time for the practices of personal sanctification. And it is perhaps the greatest marvel of his life to have combined with duties so manifold anunusually intense inner life. In the practice of the religious virtues St. Lorenzo equals the greatest saints. He had to a high degree the gift of contemplation, and very rarely celebrated Holy Mass without falling into ecstasies. After the Holy Sacrifice, his great devotion was the Rosary and the Office of the Blessed Virgin. As in the case of St. Francis of Assisi, there was something poetical about his piety, which often burst forth into canticles to the Blessed Virgin. It was in Mary's name that he worked his miracles, and his favourite blessing was: "Nos cum prole pia benedicat Virgo Maria." Having withdrawn to the monastery of Caserta in 1618, Lorenzo was hoping to enjoy a few days of seclusion, when he was requested by the leading men of Naples to go to Spain and apprise Philip III of the conduct of Viceroy Ossuna. In spite of many obstacles raised by the latter, the saint sailed from Genoa and carried out his mission successfully. But the fatigues of the journey exhausted his feeble strength. He was unable to travel homeward, and after a few days of great suffering died at Lisbon in the native land of St. Anthony (22 July, 1619), as he had predicted when he set out on his journey. He was buried in the cemetery of the Poor Clares of Villafranca.
The process of beatification, several times interrupted by various circumstances, was concluded in 1783. The canonization took place on 8 December, 1881. With St. Anthony, St. Bonaventure, and Blessed John Duns Scotus, he is a Doctor of the Franciscan Order.
The known writings of St. Lorenzo of Brindisi comprise eight volumes of sermons, two didactic treatises on oratory, a commentary on Genesis, another on Ezechiel, and three volumes of religious polemics. Most of his sermons are written in Italian, the other works being in Latin. The three volumes of controversies have notes in Greek and Hebrew. [Note: In 1959 Pope John XXIII proclaimed St. Lorenzo da Brindisi a Doctor of the Universal Church.]