Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Saint September 14 : The Exaltation of the Holy Cross Feast - #Cross

The Feast of the Cross like so many other liturgical feasts, had its origin at Jerusalem, and is connected with the commemoration of the Finding of the Cross and the building, by Constantine, of churches upon the sites of the Holy Sepulchre and Calvary. In 335 the dedication of these churches was celebrated with great solemnity by the bishops who had assisted at the Council of Tyre, and a great number of other bishops. This dedication took place on the 13th and 14th of September. This feast of the dedication, which was known by the name of the Encnia, was most solemn; it was on an equal footing with those of the Epiphany and Easter. The description of it should be read in the "Peregrinatio", which is of great value upon this subject of liturgical origins. This solemnity attracted to Jerusalem a great number of monks, from Mesopotamia, from Syria, from Egypt, from the Thebaïd, and from other provinces, besides laity of both sexes. Not fewer than forty or fifty bishops would journey from their dioceses to be present at Jerusalem for the event. The feast was considered as of obligation, "and he thinks himself guilty of a grave sin who during this period does not attend the great solemnity". It lasted eight days. In Jerusalem, then, this feast bore an entirely local character. It passed, like so many other feasts, to Constantinople and thence to Rome. There was also an endeavour to give it a local feeling, and the church of "The Holy Cross in Jerusalem" as intended, as its name indicates, to recall the memory of the church at Jerusalem bearing the same dedication.
The feast of the Exaltation of the Cross sprang into existence at Rome at the end of the seventh century. Allusion is made to it during the pontificate of Sergius I (687-701) but, as Dom Bäumer observes, the very terms of the text (Lib. Pontif., I, 374, 378) show that the feast already existed. It is, then, inexact, as has often been pointed out, to attribute the introduction of it to this pope. The Gallican churches, which, at the period here referred to, do not yet know of this feast of the 14th September, have another on the 3rd of May of the same signification. It seems to have been introduced there in the seventh century, for ancient Gallican documents, such as the Lectionary of Luxeuil, do not mention it; Gregory of Tours also seems to ignore it. According to Mgr. Duchesne, the date seems to have been borrowed from the legend of the Finding of the Holy Cross (Lib. Pontif., I, p. cviii). Later, when the Gallican and Roman Liturgies were combined, a distinct character was given to each feast, so as to avoid sacrificing either. The 3rd of May was called the feast of the Invention of the Cross, and it commemorated in a special manner Saint Helena's discovery of the sacred wood of the Cross; the 14th of September, the feast of the Exaltation of the Cross, commemorated above all the circumstances in which Heraclius recovered from the Persians the True Cross, which they had carried off. Nevertheless, it appears from the history of the two feasts, which we have just examined, that that of the 13th and 14th of September is the older, and that the commemoration of the Finding of the Cross was at first combined with it.
The Good Friday ceremony of the Adoration of the Cross also had its origin in Jerusalem, as we have seen, and is a faithful reproduction of the rites of Adoration of the Cross of the fourth century in Jerusalem which have been described above, in accordance with the description of the author of the "Peregrinatio". This worship paid to the Cross in Jerusalem on Good Friday soon became general. Gregory of Tours speaks of the Wednesday and Friday consecrated the Cross—probably the Wednesday and Friday of Holy Week. (Cf. Greg., De Gloriâ Mart. I, v.) The most ancient adoration of the Cross in Church is described in the "Ordo Romanus" generally attributed to Saint Gregory. It is performed, according to this "Ordo", just as it is nowadays, after a series of responsory prayers. The cross is prepared before the altar; priests, deacons, subdeacons, clerics of the inferior grades, and lastly the people, each one comes in his turn; they salute the cross, during the singing of the anthem, "Ecce lignum crucis in quo salus mundi pependit. Venite, adoremus" (Behold the wood of the cross on which the salvation of the world did hang. Come, let us adore) and then Psalm 118. (See Mabillon, Mus. Ital., Paris, 1689, II, 23.) The Latin Church has kept until today the same liturgical features in the ceremony of Good Friday, added to it is the song of the Improperia and the hymn of the Cross, "Pange, lingua, gloriosi lauream certaminis".
Besides the Adoration of the Cross on Good Friday and the September feast, the Greeks have still another feast of the Adoration of the Cross on the 1st of August as well as on the third Sunday in Lent. It is probable that Gregory the Great was acquainted with this feast during his stay in Constantinople, and that the station of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, on Lætare Sunday (the fourth Sunday in Lent), is a souvenir, or a timid effort at imitation, of the Byzantine solemnity.

#PopeFrancis "..equally evident that the love of Christ, His infinite mercy, is stronger than sin and death.” at Audience in Vatican - FULL Video

(Vatican Radio) Pope Francis dedicated his General Audience remarks to his recent Apostolic Visit to Colombia, which concluded on Sunday.
After thanking the many people who helped make his Visit possible, Pope Francis said one of the most striking things on his visit was the many fathers and mothers who brought their children to see the Pope, and to be blessed by him. He said a people capable of having children, and of lifting them up with such pride, has a future – and this, he said, “pleased me very much.”

CONTINUITY WITH EARLIER PAPAL VISITS
The Holy Father noted that his Visit was in continuity with those of the two previous Popes who had travelled to Colombia, Bd Paul VI and St John Paul II. This continuity, he said, was “animated by the Spirit, who guides the steps of the people of God along the paths of history.”
"LET US TAKE THE FIRST STEP"
Referring to the motto of the Visit, “Let us take the first step,” Pope Francis said the process of reconciliation in Colombia, after a half century of internal conflict, has now begun. “With my visit,” he said, “I wanted to bless the effort of that people, to confirm them in faith and in hope, and to receive their testimony, which is a richness for my ministry and for the whole Church.”
Colombia, like most Latin American countries, is a country with strong Christian roots. Pope Francis said it was clear “that the Evil One wanted to divide the people to destroy the work of God, but is equally evident that the love of Christ, His infinite mercy, is stronger than sin and death.”
MEMORABLE MOMENTS
The Pope then recalled highlights of his trip, including the meeting with young people in Bogotá, and the meeting with priests and religious in Medellín, which was dedicated to the idea of the Christian life as discipleship. In Cartagena, the city of St Peter Claver, “the ‘focus’ was on the promotion of the human person and on his fundamental rights.” Saint Peter, the Pope said, gave his life in service to “the poorest and most marginalized,” and so demonstrated “the way of the true revelation, evangelical not ideological, that truly frees people and societies from the slavery of yesterday and, unfortunately, even of today.”
RECONCILIATION
But it was the visit to Villavicencio, the Pope said, that was “the culminating moment of the whole visit,” with the morning Mass featuring the beatification of two martyrs; and the special “Liturgy of Reconciliation” in the evening. “Reconciliation” was the theme of the day, with the beatification calling into bold relief the idea that “that peace is founded also, and perhaps above all, on the blood of so many witnesses of love, of truth, of justice, and also of true and proper martyrs.” The evening liturgical service, meanwhile, dwelt on the prophetic words of the Psalm: “Mercy and truth shall meet / Justice and peace shall kiss.” These words, the Pope said, were “incarnated” in the stories of the many witnesses who spoke during the service, witnesses who, starting from their own wounds, were nonetheless able to go beyond themselves and open themselves to encounter, forgiveness, and reconciliation.
Pope Francis concluded the morning Audience by once more dedicating Colombia to Our Lady of Chiquinquirá, the Patron of Colombia. “With the help of Mary,” he said, “each and every Colombian can take each day the first step toward their brother or sister, and so build together, day by day, peace in love, in justice, and in truth.”

#BreakingNews ISIS Kills 18 Policemen in North Sinai, Egypt during Attack - Please Pray


North Sinai: 18 Egyptian policemen killed in an ISIS attack
ASIANEWIT Report: 

Ambulance workers also targeted. Sinai violence continues against the government of President Sisi. Cairo (AsiaNews / Agencies) - At least 18 policemen were killed in an attack launched by ISIS militants yesterday, near Arish, the provincial capital of North Sinai. The attackers detonated an explosive device, destroying three armored vehicles and another vehicle.
The explosion was followed by an armed clash. The attackers also opened fire on ambulance workers, injuring four. The interior ministry did not provide any further data, but only reported that several policemen were injured or killed in this "infidel attack".
Daesh (Arabic acronym for Islamic State) has claimed the attack in a statement published on its "Amaq" agency.
For some time, the Islamic militia has fomented acts of insurrection in the barren and mostly uninhabited territory of Sinai, with the aim of overthrowing the government of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. Since the deposition of former President Islamist Mohammed Morsi in 2013, Islamists have murdered hundreds of soldiers and police forces. Last July, 23 Egyptian soldiers were killed in a twin suicide bombing on two military checkpoints.

Today's Mass Readings and Video : Wednesday September 13, 2017 - #Eucharist


Memorial of Saint John Chrysostom, Bishop and Doctor of the Church
Lectionary: 439


Reading 1COL 3:1-11

Brothers and sisters:
If you were raised with Christ, seek what is above,
where Christ is seated at the right hand of God.
Think of what is above, not of what is on earth.
For you have died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God.
When Christ your life appears,
then you too will appear with him in glory.

Put to death, then, the parts of you that are earthly:
immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire,
and the greed that is idolatry.
Because of these the wrath of God is coming upon the disobedient.
By these you too once conducted yourselves, when you lived in that way.
But now you must put them all away:
anger, fury, malice, slander,
and obscene language out of your mouths.
Stop lying to one another,
since you have taken off the old self with its practices
and have put on the new self,
which is being renewed, for knowledge,
in the image of its creator.
Here there is not Greek and Jew,
circumcision and uncircumcision,
barbarian, Scythian, slave, free;
but Christ is all and in all.

Responsorial PsalmPS 145:2-3, 10-11, 12-13AB

R. (9) The Lord is compassionate toward all his works.
Every day will I bless you,
and I will praise your name forever and ever.
Great is the LORD and highly to be praised;
his greatness is unsearchable.
R. The Lord is compassionate toward all his works.
Let all your works give you thanks, O LORD,
and let your faithful ones bless you.
Let them discourse of the glory of your Kingdom
and speak of your might.
R. The Lord is compassionate toward all his works.
Making known to men your might
and the glorious splendor of your Kingdom.
Your Kingdom is a Kingdom for all ages,
and your dominion endures through all generations.
R. The Lord is compassionate toward all his works.

AlleluiaLK 6:23AB

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
Rejoice and leap for joy!
Your reward will be great in heaven.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

GospelLK 6:20-26

Raising his eyes toward his disciples Jesus said:

"Blessed are you who are poor,
for the Kingdom of God is yours.
Blessed are you who are now hungry,
for you will be satisfied.
Blessed are you who are now weeping,
for you will laugh.
Blessed are you when people hate you,
and when they exclude and insult you,
and denounce your name as evil
on account of the Son of Man.

Rejoice and leap for joy on that day!
Behold, your reward will be great in heaven.
For their ancestors treated the prophets
in the same way.

But woe to you who are rich,
for you have received your consolation.
But woe to you who are filled now,
for you will be hungry.
Woe to you who laugh now,
for you will grieve and weep.
Woe to you when all speak well of you,
for their ancestors treated the false prophets in this way."