Thursday, May 27, 2021

Holy Mass Online - Readings and Video : Friday, May 28, 2021 - #Eucharist in Your Virtual Church

Friday of the Eighth Week in Ordinary Time
Lectionary: 351
Reading I
Sir 44:1, 9-13
Now will I praise those godly men,
    our ancestors, each in his own time.
But of others there is no memory,
    for when they ceased, they ceased.
And they are as though they had not lived,
    they and their children after them.
Yet these also were godly men
    whose virtues have not been forgotten;
Their wealth remains in their families,
    their heritage with their descendants;
Through God’s covenant with them their family endures,
    their posterity, for their sake.
And for all time their progeny will endure,
    their glory will never be blotted out.
Responsorial Psalm
149:1b-2, 3-4, 5-6a and 9b
R.    (see 4a)  The Lord takes delight in his people.
R.    Alleluia.   
Sing to the LORD a new song
    of praise in the assembly of the faithful.
Let Israel be glad in their maker,
    let the children of Zion rejoice in their king.
R.    The Lord takes delight in his people.
R.    Alleluia.
Let them praise his name in the festive dance,
    let them sing praise to him with timbrel and harp.
For the LORD loves his people,
    and he adorns the lowly with victory.
R.    The Lord takes delight in his people.
R.    Alleluia.   
Let the faithful exult in glory;
    let them sing for joy upon their couches;
Let the high praises of God be in their throats.
    This is the glory of all his faithful. Alleluia. 
R.    The Lord takes delight in his people.
R.    Alleluia.  
See Jn 15:16
R.    Alleluia, alleluia.
I chose you from the world,
to go and bear fruit that will last, says the Lord.
R.    Alleluia, alleluia.
Mk 11:11-26
Jesus entered Jerusalem and went into the temple area.
He looked around at everything and, since it was already late,
went out to Bethany with the Twelve.
The next day as they were leaving Bethany he was hungry.
Seeing from a distance a fig tree in leaf,
he went over to see if he could find anything on it.
When he reached it he found nothing but leaves;
it was not the time for figs.
And he said to it in reply, “May no one ever eat of your fruit again!”
And his disciples heard it.
They came to Jerusalem,
and on entering the temple area
he began to drive out those selling and buying there.
He overturned the tables of the money changers
and the seats of those who were selling doves.
He did not permit anyone to carry anything through the temple area.
Then he taught them saying, “Is it not written:
    My house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples?
    But you have made it a den of thieves.”
The chief priests and the scribes came to hear of it
and were seeking a way to put him to death,
yet they feared him
because the whole crowd was astonished at his teaching.
When evening came, they went out of the city.
Early in the morning, as they were walking along,
they saw the fig tree withered to its roots.
Peter remembered and said to him, “Rabbi, look!
The fig tree that you cursed has withered.”
Jesus said to them in reply, “Have faith in God.
Amen, I say to you, whoever says to this mountain,
‘Be lifted up and thrown into the sea,’
and does not doubt in his heart
but believes that what he says will happen,
it shall be done for him.
Therefore I tell you, all that you ask for in prayer,
believe that you will receive it and it shall be yours.
When you stand to pray,
forgive anyone against whom you have a grievance,
so that your heavenly Father may in turn
forgive you your transgressions.”

Prayer to Make a Spiritual Communion-

People who cannot communicate now make spiritual communion
At your feet, O my Jesus I bow down and offer you the repentance of my contrite heart, which abysses itself into its nothingness and Your holy presence. I adore you in the Sacrament of Your love, the ineffable Eucharist. I wish to receive you in the poor home that my heart offers you. In anticipation of the happiness of sacramental communion, I want to possess you in spirit. Come to me, oh my Jesus, that I may come to you. May Your love inflame my whole being, for life and death. I believe in you, I hope in you, I love you. So be it. Amen

Saint May 28 : St. Bernard of Montjoux where we get the name of St Bernard Dogs and Patron of Skiers, Climbers

The St. Bernard dogs are named after him. Born in 923, probably in the castle Menthon near Annecy, in Savoy; died at Novara, 1008. He was descended from a rich, noble family and received a thorough education. He refused to enter an honorable marriage proposed by his father and decided to devote himself to the service of the Church. Placing himself under the direction of Peter, Archdeacon of Aosta, under whose guidance he rapidly progressed, Bernard was ordained priest and on account of his learning and virtue was made Archdeacon of Aosta (966), having charge of the government of the diocese under the bishop. Seeing the ignorance and idolatry still prevailing among the people of the Alps, he resolved to devote himself to their conversion. For forty two years he continued to preach the Gospel to these people and carried the light of faith even into many cantons of Lombardy, effecting numerous conversions and working many miracles.
 For another reason, however, Bernard's name will forever be famous in history. Since the most ancient times there was a path across the Pennine Alps leading from the valley of Aosta to the Swiss canton of Valais, over what is now the pass of the Great St. Bernard. This pass is covered with perpetual snow from seven to eight feet deep, and drifts sometimes accumulate to the height of forty feet. Though the pass was extremely dangerous, especially in the springtime on account of avalanches, yet it was often used by French and German pilgrims on their way to Rome. For the convenience and protection of travelers
St. Bernard founded a monastery and hospice at the highest point of the pass, 8,000 feet above sea-level, in the year 962. A few years later he established another hospice on the Little St. Bernard, a mountain of the Graian Alps, 7,076 feet above sea-level. Both were placed in charge of Augustinian monks after pontifical approval had been obtained by him during a visit to Rome. These hospices are renowned for the generous hospitality extended to all travelers over the Great and Little St. Bernard, so called in honor of the founder of these charitable institutions. At all seasons of the year, but especially during heavy snow-storms, the heroic monks accompanied by their well-trained dogs, go out in search of victims who may have succumbed to the severity of the weather.

They offer food, clothing, and shelter to the unfortunate travelers and take care of the dead. They depend on gifts and collections for sustenance. At present, the order consists of about forty members, the majority of whom live at the hospice while some have charge of neighboring parishes. The last act of St. Bernard's life was the reconciliation of two noblemen whose strife threatened a fatal issue. He was interred in the cloister of St. Lawrence. Venerated as a saint from the twelfth century in many places of Piedmont (Aosta, Novara, Brescia), he was not canonized until 1681, by Innocent XI. His feast is also celebrated on the 15th of June in some Calendars. (From the Catholic Encyclopedia)

Saint May 28 : Blessed Margaret Pole : Catholic Royal Countess Martyred by King Henry VIII in 1541 England

The life of Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, was tragic from her cradle to her grave. Nay, even before she was born, death in its most violent or dreaded forms had been long busy with her family—hastening to extinction a line that had swayed the destinies of England for nearly four centuries and a half. Her grandfather was that splendid Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, the mighty King-maker, who as the "last of the Barons," so fittingly died on the stricken field of garnet, and whose soldier's passing gave to Shakespeare a theme worthy of some of his most affecting lines. Her father was the George, Duke of Clarence, brother of Edward IV, whose death in the Tower in January, 1478, has been attributed to so many causes. The murdered "Princes in the Tower," Edward V and his little brother, the Duke of York, were her first cousins, while her only brother, Edward, Earl of Warwick, was judicially murdered by Henry VII to ensure his own possession of the Crown.
The list of tragedies in the family of the Blessed Margaret is still far from complete, but sufficient instances have been given to justify the description we have given of her whole career. Margaret, Countess of Salisbury, was born at Farley Castle, near Bath, on 14th August, in or about the year 1473. Her mother, Isabel, daughter of the above-mentioned "King-maker," died 22nd December, 1476, and her father in the Tower nearly two years later. During the reign of Edward IV, little Margaret and her brother were brought up at Sheen, with the children of her uncle, King Edward IV. At his death, Margaret and Edward, after a short stay at Warwick Castle—their ancestral home—resided for a short time at the Court of Richard III. When the crook-back King's son died, the youthful Earl of Warwick became de jure heir to the Crown, and Margaret, his sister, in the same way, Princess Royal. These short-lived honours, however, ended in 1485, when the victory of Bosworth gave the Throne to the Tudor Adventurer who, as Henry VII was to introduce a new dynasty and the oldest and most repulsive form of Oriental despotism into the realm!
England, as the late Mr. J. M. Kerr shows in his well-known Elements of Public Law, was as practically free in 1485 as she was in the nineteenth century. By the time of the death of Harry Tudor's appalling son, the country had become as abject and prostrate as any of the dominions of contemporary Sultans or Rajahs! In 1491, when Margaret was about eighteen years of age, she was married by the King, Henry VII, to a distant relative and thorough-going supporter of his own, Sir Richard Pole. The Order of the Garter was conferred upon this gentleman, who hailed from Buckinghamshire, and in 1486, on the birth of Prince Arthur, the King's eldest son, he received the high position of Governor to the Prince of Wales.
 Lady Pole, as she was now, appears to have been happy in her union. Five children were born of the marriage, and both she and her husband stood high in the favour of the cold and calculating King. But one dark cloud hung ever over her. All this time her unhappy brother, the true heir to the Crown, lay in the Tower, his only "crime," of course, being that summed up in the phrase, "the right of the first-born is his!" Secluded from all society, and most shamefully neglected, the poor young Earl of Warwick grew up in almost total ignorance and simplicity, so as not to know, as men said, "a goose from a capon." Once, to expose the Lambert Simnel pretensions by the most convincing of all proofs, Henry caused the unhappy youth to be paraded through London, and this show duly over, the royal captive was again consigned to his lonely prison.
Then in 1499, came his alleged attempt to escape, together with another claimant, the plebeian Perkin Warbeck, and the cruel and selfish despot had a plausible pretext for bringing the "last of the Plantagenets to the scaffold." This was one of the most brutal and callous State murders in the whole of English history, and the absence of any sort of protest either from the servile hierarchy or the upstart lords that bowed down before Henry's throne, shows how deeply the nation had already sunk in political and social slavery! The decapitated corpse of the young and perfectly innocent Earl, thus foully done to death, was interred at Bisham Priory, near Maidenhead, a place where his grief-stricken sister was to find a home nearer the end of her own sorrow-laden and tragic life. When the sickly Arthur married Catharine of Aragon, and went to keep his short-lived Court at Ludlow Castle, Lady Pole became one of the ladies of the Princess of Wales. The appointment must have carried with it poignant reflections on both sides. For Catharine herself believed—and was later bitterly to make her foreboding known—that no good could come of her union with the scion of the Tudor House, since that union had been brought about by the price of innocent blood! For the "most Catholic"—and most calculating—King Ferdinand VII, her father, had made it one of the conditions of his daughter's nuptials, that there should be no claimants to the English Crown. His royal brother of England had forthwith nobly obliged by presenting to the Monarch of Castile and Aragon, the head of the innocent Warwick on a charger—and "all went merry as a marriage-bell"—for a time! Catharine on her side, soon conceived a great affection for the sister of one so cruelly sacrificed to make smooth her own matrimonial path. She did all she could to forward the interests of the Pole family, notably after the death of Sir Richard in 1503.
There can also be little doubt that when, in November, 1513, Parliament reversed the infamous Act of Attainder passed on her murdered brother and restored to Margaret's family the title and estates, forfeited on that iniquitous occasion, the excellent Queen Catharine again proved herself a friend at Court, and facilitated by her influence the partial undoing of this hideous murder by statute. When the Princess Mary, afterwards Queen, was baptized in the Church of the Franciscan Observants at Greenwich, the Countess of Salisbury—as Lady Margaret Pole had now become, owing to the reversal of her brother's attainder, and the restoration of the ancestral honours—held the child at the font. Nine years later, she was nominated Governess of the Princess, and appointed to preside over the Court of the little royal lady at Ludlow Castle, one of the official residences of the Princes and Princesses of Wales. Meanwhile the children of the Lady Salisbury were growing up, and the most interesting of them was undoubtedly Reginald, the future Cardinal and last Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury. Endowed by Providence with great personal beauty and rare mental gifts, he possessed what was greater than these, that sense of principle, and that elevated moral standard which were so conspicuously lacking to the ruling and upper classes throughout the Tudor period. A boy Bachelor of Oxford at the age of fifteen, he had afterwards studied the Canon Law at Padua. The world, indeed, was at the feet of this singularly gifted youth. Henry was to think of making him Archbishop of York after the death of Wolsey, and still later was even more intensely to think of having him assassinated! Meanwhile, as a most winsome and delectable youth, he was a decided "catch" from the matrimonial point of view, and good Queen Catharine, ever eager to serve a family that had suffered so much through her, but surely not by her, had ideas of marrying the Princess Mary to the brilliant son of her almost lifelong friend.
The "future" of the much-discussed Reginald, however, was settled, and settled finally by the complications and menaces of the royal divorce question which became acute about 1527-8. A little later, the French Ambassador Castillon, horrified at the well-nigh weekly slaughter that had become almost a mere incident in the life of England at this period, exclaimed: "I think few Lords feel safe in this country!" Reginald Pole, to whom the King looked for learned and moral support at this crisis, was certainly one of the majority, so to save his head, he prudently withdrew to the Continent, under the pretext of pursuing his theological studies. The immediate effect of the King's divorce and subsequent marriage with Anne Boleyn, was to deprive the Countess of Salisbury of her post of Governess to the Princess Mary, and, indeed, to cause her forcible separation from her charge to whom she had become tenderly attached. Robbed thus of the friends of her youth—doomed to see many of them die in prison or on the scaffold—herself declared illegitimate and deprived of her just rights—is it any wonder that Mary learnt to loathe the very name of the "Reformation?" For from the first, its aiders and abetters ever showed themselves the thick and thin supporters of despotism—the despotism that plundered the church and the poor—cynically gave the "people" a Bible which most of them could neither read nor understand—and filled the whole country with nauseating phrases and catchwords redolent of cant and hypocrisy! All this has to be borne in mind in judging of the Queen of "bloody" memory.
After the breaking up of the Princess Mary's household, Lady Salisbury went to live for a time at Bisham, close to her murdered brother's "last long home." The greater Abbeys, as is well-known, were not suppressed till 1539, but for many months before this, it was generally understood throughout England that the Religious Houses were doomed. Henry's prodigality was enormous, and his meretricious Court and the host of extravagances its pleasures—noble and ignoble—entailed, made him cast envious eyes on the age—long monastic Foundations and their material possessions. This was quite apart from their known dislike of his schismatical policy, and so the fate of Abbeys and Priories was soon sealed. The Priory of Canons Regular of St. Augustine at Bisham was dear to Lady Salisbury and her family, apart from its sacred character, and the fact that the remains of their murdered relative, the ill-fated Earl of Warwick, lay buried within its precincts. For it had been founded by William de Montacute, Earl of Salisbury, in the reign of Edward III, and so might almost be regarded as a quasi possession of the house. Lady Salisbury now advised the Prior not to resign the Priory unless the inevitable occurred, when, of course, all would be able to see that the dissolution had been made by force. The said Prior was ejected to make way for the notorious William Barlow, who shortly afterwards "surrendered" the House to the King. The year that saw the passing of Bisham and the rest of the abodes of "the Monks of Old," was the year of the appearance of Reginald Pole's treatise De Unitate Ecclesiastical The book gave the lie to almost every one of Henry's recent declarations on the subject of the Church, and in arraigning him at the bar of ecclesiastical history and Catholic doctrine, exposed him to the condemnation of Europe. The rage of the royal Nero, of course, knew no bounds. In vain did he command Pole to return to England without excuse or delay so as to lose his head! Equally in vain did he instruct Sir Thomas Wyatt and other of his agents abroad, to have his daring relative assassinated.1 Pole was now a Cardinal and busy pushing forward the initial negotiations and arrangements that were to prepare the way for the Council of Trent. His office as Legate to the Low Countries was all in the same direction—to make peace between the Emperor and France, and so facilitate the opening of the Council that was to do so much to heal the wounds of Holy Church. He was not, as Lingard shows (History, vol. v., chap. ii.), engineering a crusade against the Tudor Monster, though, no doubt, the thought of such a movement was uppermost In many minds. Unable either to get the Cardinal in his toils or murdered out of hand, Henry struck at his kinsfolk and acquaintances. In November, 1538, Henry Lord Montague, Sir Geoffrey Pole, Sir Edmund Neville, the Marquis of Exeter, and Sir Nicholas Carew, were lodged in the Tower on the usual charge of "Treason." Historic accuracy compels us to admit that Cardinal Pole, like Lord Stafford in 1680, was not "a man beloved of his own relatives," at least in this crisis. His own mother had seen the danger likely to arise from his book and had even spoken of him as "a traitor." His brother, Lord Montague had likewise written letters of remonstrance to him. Needless to say all this was largely pro forma to divert Henry's fatal wrath, but whatever was the object all was in vain, and this crowd of noble personages, except Sir Geoffrey Pole, were done to death after the usual judicial mummery on Tower Hill, 3rd January, 1539.
 Before being officially murdered, Lord Montague asked for absolution for having taken the Oath of Supremacy, and this fact is said to have sealed his fate. The "execution" of these gentlemen, as usual, caused universal horror, and Henry was widely compared to the worst of the persecutors in the days of pagan Rome, though that heathen city, at least, had the advantage of a Pretorian Guard to deliver its citizens from their tyrants when these got past all bearing. While her family was being prepared for the slaughter—to make a Tudor holiday—the now aged Countess of Salisbury was living in retirement at Warblington, near Havant in Hampshire. She was arrested there by Fitz William, Earl of Southampton, and Goodrich, Bishop of Ely, 13th November, 1538, and almost immediately removed to Cowdray, Sussex. Here she remained several months, being treated by the Earl of Southampton, her jailer, with great harshness. Her trunks and coffer were searched, and in one of these was found a tunic or "vestment," embroidered with the Five Wounds. It looks as if an ordinary tabard adorned with one of the devices of the Plantaganets, Margaret's ancestors, had come to light, but Cromwell and his Master affected to see in this old raiment a traitorous connection with the "Pilgrimage of Grace," the banner of which was a representation of Our Lord's Wounds. Another murder by Act of Parliament, of course, went forward, and on 28th June, 1539, the Countess of Salisbury, her eldest son, the Marquis of Exeter, and a number of other persons of lesser degree, including three Irish priests "for carrying letters to the Pope," were added to the "attainted" victims of the King. The news of his dear mother's condemnation greatly affected the Cardinal. "You have heard, I believe, of my mother being condemned by public Council to death, or rather to eternal life," he wrote on 22nd September, of the same year. "Not only has he who condemned her, condemned to death a woman of seventy—than whom he has no nearer relative, except his daughter, and of whom he used to say there was no holier woman in his kingdom—but at the same time her grandson, son of my brother, a child, the remaining hope of our race.1 See how far this tyranny has gone, which began with priests, in whose order it only consumed the best, then [went on] to nobles, and there, too, destroyed the best." (Epistolae Poli, ii, 191.) On the very day that the obsequious Divan, misnamed Parliament, passed the Bill of Attainder, Margaret was transferred from Cowdray to the Tower. There for two years, she suffered much from cold and neglect, for she had been hurried to London without any time to make the necessary preparations. At last it was resolved to add her venerable name to those of the other martyrs of the Faith. She was sacrificed out of hatred to her son, the great champion of the Church, whose discourses and writings had done so much to expose to the world the villainies of the Tudor Tiberius and his Sejanus, Thomas Cromwell, and make all just men shrink with horror at the very mention of the names of these two oppressors of the human race. The Countess of Salisbury was taken to East Smithfield early in the morning of 28th May, 1541, and there beheaded on a low block or log in the presence of the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and a few other spectators. The regular headsman was away from London at the time, and his deputy, an unskilful lout, hacked at the blessed Martyr in such a way as to give some foundation to the story afterwards made current by Lord Herbert of Cherbury, that she had refused to lay her head on the block and was, therefore, struck repeatedly by the executioner till she fell dead. Before her death, she prayed for the King, Queen (Catherine Howard), Prince of Wales (later Edward VI), and the Princess Mary Her last words were: "Blessed are they who suffer persecution for justice' sake for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven." The body of the Blessed Margaret, Countess of Salisbury, was interred in the Tower, in that Chapel dedicated to St. Peter's Chains, whose illustrious dead and historic associations are enshrined in Macaulay's memorable lines. She was declared Blessed with many of the rest of the English Martyrs by Leo XIII, 29th December, 1886. Others than her co-religionists, no doubt, like to reflect that a life, so marked by piety, and so full of griefs ever heroically borne, has after the lapse of nearly four centuries been thus honoured, and that the last direct descendant of the Plantaganet line has her place in the Hagiography of the Church so long associated with their sway. Endnotes 1 Two ruffians nearly carried out the King's benign intention concerning his kinsman, but Pole magnanimously forgave the would-be murderers, and merely sent them to the galleys for a few days. But after this he increased his bodyguard which then formed part of every Cardinal's household, at least in Italy. 2 This "remaining hope of our race" was Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devon, who after a captivity of sixteen years in the Tower, was among the prisoners released by Queen Mary immediately after her accession, 1553. Had he been "possible," there is little doubt but that the Queen would hare married him, and so saved all the odium and trouble that followed from the highly unpopular "Spanish match." Courtenay, who had probably been ruined in character by neglect and imprisonment, soon left the country, and ended his unworthy life at Padua, 1556. (Taken from Vol. V of "The Lives or the Fathers, Martyrs and Other Principal Saints" by the Rev. Alban Butler, (c) Copyright 1954, Virtue and Company, Limited, London.)

US Bishops Chairman calls "..on Catholics around the country to pray for the dead and injured, as well as for healing in the community" after 8 People Killed

An employee opened fire Wednesday, May 26, 2021, at a VTA rail yard in San Jose, killing nine people and then shot himself, authorities said.  

The victims were; Paul Delacruz Megia, 42 Taptejdeep Singh, 36 Adrian Balleza, 29 Jose Dejesus Hernandez, 35 Timothy Romo, 49 Michael Rudometkin, 40 Abdolvahab Alaghmandan, 63 Lars Kepler Lane, 63 Alex Ward Fritch, 49  

Statement of U.S. Bishops’ Chairman for Domestic Justice Committee on Shootings in San Jose

WASHINGTON—Archbishop Paul S. Coakley of Oklahoma City, chairman of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ Committee on Domestic Justice and Human Development, issued a statement in response to the tragic shootings this morning at a rail yard in San Jose, California.

Archbishop Coakley’s full statement follows:

“This morning, shootings took place at a Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority rail yard in San Jose, California. There are reports of at least nine fatalities, including the gunman. This shooting reminds us once again that something fundamentally broken in our society and culture must be courageously examined and addressed, so that ordinary places no longer become scenes of violence and contempt for human life. It is particularly tragic that in a city named in honor of Saint Joseph, who was such a loving guardian of the Holy Family, we are unable to protect our own fellow citizens from the ravages of gun violence.

“As Americans we must understand why these horrific occurrences of violence continue to take place in our communities, and then unhesitatingly act to root out the causes of such crimes. Our Conference has called for many years for rational yet effective forms of regulation of these dangerous weapons. We also urge increased mental health outreach and services to identify and treat potential areas of conflict before they become tragic occurrences. Action is needed to attempt to reduce the frequency of these abhorrent acts through legislation and training. I call on Catholics around the country to pray for the dead and injured, as well as for healing in the community. May the Holy Spirit, whose wisdom and guidance we celebrated this past Sunday on Pentecost, bring consolation and strength at this time of great loss.”


67 Bishops Send Letter to the US Bishops' Conference President Asking for a Delay on Teaching Document on Reception of Communion

 Catholic News Service reports that Archbishop Gomez, the President of the US Bishops' Conference received a letter from 67 bishops asking for a delay in a discussion during the bishops' upcoming spring general assembly on whether to prepare a teaching document on the reception of Communion. He explained in a memo the procedure followed in bringing the question to a vote during the June 16-18 virtual meeting.
There is a debate among the bishops about Catholic politicians who support keeping abortion legal and whether they should be denied access to the Eucharist.
In a May 22 memo to fellow bishops, Archbishop José H. Gomez of Los Angeles explained that the USCCB Administrative Committee approved a request from Bishop Kevin C. Rhoades of Fort Wayne-South Bend, Indiana, for the discussion on drafting a document to examine the "meaning of the Eucharist in the life of the church."
Archbishop Gomez's memo came in response to a May 13 letter, which was obtained by Catholic News Service, to him from 67 bishops who asked that any discussion on "eucharistic coherence" be removed from the assembly agenda.
The letter cites May 7 correspondence from Cardinal Luis Ladaria, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith at the Vatican, to Archbishop Gomez.
The bishops wrote that "we respectfully urge that all conference-wide discussion and committee work on the topic of eucharistic worthiness and other issues raised by the Holy See be postponed until the full body of bishops is able to meet in person."
Four cardinals are among those signing the letter: Cardinal Blase J. Cupich of Chicago, Cardinal Wilton D. Gregory of Washington, Cardinal Sean P. O'Malley of Boston and Cardinal Joseph W. Tobin of Newark, New Jersey.
Archbishop Gomez said USCCB rules require that the body of bishops first be asked whether to issue a document on a particular topic. Bishop Rhoades took such a step by asking the Administrative Committee to include time on the spring agenda to discuss such a question. The committee agreed.
The process, the memo explained, involves the creation of an "Action Item" for the bishops to consider.
"Importantly, the Action Item does not ask the body to approve a final statement, but only whether drafting of a text may begin," the memo said.
It added that if the action is approved, the doctrine committee would begin its work, subject to the conference's "usual process of consultation, modification and amendment" when presented for consideration at a future general assembly.
"As you will note, the focus of this proposed teaching document is on how best to help people to understand the beauty and mystery of the Eucharist as the center of their Christian lives," the archbishop wrote.
Archbishop Gomez's memo included a draft, dated May 14, of an outline of a possible document with the proposed title "The Mystery of the Eucharist in the life of the Church: Why It Matters."
It outlines three parts, subtitled "The Eucharist, A Mystery to be Believed," "The Eucharist, A Mystery to be Celebrated" and "The Eucharist: A Mystery to be Lived."
The letter from the bishops was sent on letterhead of the Archdiocese of Washington. The archdiocese did not respond to a CNS email seeking comment.
The bishops said the serious nature of "eucharistic worthiness" and other issues raised in Cardinal Ladaria's letter requires the bishops to "forge substantive unity," something which they said is "impossible to address ... productively in the fractured and isolated setting of a distance meeting."
"The high standard of consensus among ourselves and of maintaining unity with the Holy See and the universal church as set forth by Cardinal Ladaria is far from being achieved in the present moment," the prelates wrote.
"Moreover, as the prefect's sound theological and pastoral advice opens a new path for moving forward, we should take this opportunity to reenvision the best collegial structure for achieving that," the letter said.
Cardinal Ladaria in his letter urged the U.S. bishops to proceed with caution in their discussions about formulating a national policy "to address the situation of Catholics in public office who support legislation allowing abortion, euthanasia or other moral evils."
The cardinal also reiterated what he had said he had told several groups of U.S. bishops during their 2019-2020 "ad limina" visits, namely that "the effective development of a policy in this area requires that dialogue occurs in two stages: first among the bishops themselves, and then between bishops and Catholic pro-choice politicians within their jurisdictions."

The June meeting will be virtual, which means that 275 bishops will be in a giant Zoom meeting, he said.
The November plenary session of the U.S. bishops' conference is likely to be in person, which Archbishop Wester thought would be more conducive for the kind of extended discussion envisioned by Cardinal Ladaria in his letter.
Meanwhile, two archbishops issued statements May 25 in support of keeping the discussion on a possible document focused on the Eucharist on the June general assembly agenda.
Archbishop Samuel J. Aquila of Denver and Archbishop Salvatore J. Cordileone of San Francisco called for work on a document on eucharistic coherence to continue and the discussion to take place during the bishops' June spring general assembly.
Archbishop Gomez has followed the correct procedures to facilitate "this critical discussion as a body of bishops," Archbishop Aquila said.
In contrast," he continued, " the publication of the letter calling for a halt to discussion at our June meeting on this vital issue risks creating an atmosphere of factionalism, rather than unity among the bishops."
Archbishop Cordileone said he was "deeply grieved by the rising public acrimony among bishops and the adoption of behind-closed-doors maneuvers to interfere with the accepted, normal agreed-upon procedures of the USCCB."
"Those who do not want to issue a document on eucharistic coherence should be open to debating the question objectively and fairly with their brother bishops, rather than attempting to derail the process," Archbishop Cordileone said.
He said he was looking forward to "serene dialogue," as Cardinal Ladaria urged in his letter, during the upcoming June general assembly "so that we may discern 'the best way forward for the Church in the United States to witness to the grave moral responsibility of Catholic public officials to protect human life at all stages."
Shortened and Edited from a Catholic News Service report by Greg Erlandson in Washington.

RIP Patriarch Krikor Bedros XX - Death of the Leader of the Armenian Catholic Church at Age 87

The head of the Armenian Catholic Church: Catholicos Krikor Bedros XX has died. In an Asia News report by Fady Noun; it was announced that the patriarch died on Tuesday, May 25, 2021, at the age of 87 at the See of the Armenian Catholic Church in Beirut. His funeral will be held on Sunday, followed by burial inside the patriarchal convent in Bzommar. A man of prayer and culture, Patriarch Krikor Bedros showed great openness and remarkable steadfastness. His successor must be chosen within 40 days.
The Armenian Catholic Church announced the death at the age of 87 of its leader, Catholicos-Patriarch Krikor Bedros (Gregory Peter) XX Gabroyan, who passed away yesterday at the See of the Armenian Catholic Patriarchate of Cilicia in Beirut, Lebanon.
The patriarch’s funeral will be held next Saturday at the Cathedral of Saint Elias and Saint Gregory the Illuminator, in downtown Beirut. The burial will follow at the patriarchal convent in Bzommar (Keserwan).
Krikor Bedros XX Gabroyan (1934-2021), officially the Catholicos-Patriarch of Cilicia of the Armenians, was elected on 24 July 2015 and enthroned in Bzommar on 9 August at the age of 81.
Born in Aleppo (Syria), he grew up in Lebanon where he first studied with the Marist Brothers before pursuing his studies at the Armenian monastery in Bzommar and later in Rome (first at the Armenian Leonine Pontifical College, then at the Gregoriana University). He was ordained priest on 28 March 1959.
Fr Krikor Bedros served for many years the Armenian Catholic community in Burj Hammud, Beirut's largest Armenian district, and was chosen in 1976 to serve the Armenian Catholic community in France.
Ordained bishop on 13 February 1977, he founded the Eparchy of Sainte-Croix-de-Paris, of which he was bishop from 1986 to 2013, when he retired.
Following the death of Catholicos-Patriarch Nerses Bedros XIX Tarmouni, as senior prelate, Bishop Krikor Bedros summoned the Synod of Bishops to meet in Bzommar to pick a successor. To his surprise and despite his advanced age, he was elected as the new patriarch of the Armenian Catholic Church.
A man of prayer, with a broad culture and an extraordinary memory, Patriarch Krikor Bedros was also a man of great openness and remarkable steadfastness.
Under Church rules, the Synod of the Armenian Church, chaired by its eldest member, in this case Bishop Pierre Mariati of Aleppo, must now pick a successor within 40 days.
Although the senior prelate is tasked with choosing the date and location of the election, the latter is usually held at the Armenian Catholic patriarchal convent in Bzommar.
The Armenian Catholic Church, an integral part of the Catholic Church, is an Eastern Catholic Church.
The primate of the Church bears the title of "Catholicos-Patriarch of Cilicia of the Armenians," with residence in Beirut, Lebanon.
The Armenian Catholic Church follows the Armenian rite with its own liturgy. (Edited from Asia News IT)

US Bishops Commend Redesignation of Haiti for Temporary Protected Status - FULL TEXT

USCCB Chairmen Commend Redesignation of Haiti for Temporary Protected Status 
WASHINGTON—On May 22, the Biden Administration announced that it would redesignate Haiti for Temporary Protected Status (TPS). TPS allows foreign nationals to remain and work in the U.S. during a period in which it is deemed unsafe for them to return to their home country. Saturday’s announcement is valid for a period of eighteen months and can be renewed by the Secretary of Homeland Security. Bishop Mario E. Dorsonville, auxiliary bishop of Washington and chairman of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ (USCCB) Committee on Migration, and Bishop David J. Malloy of Rockford, chairman of the USCCB’s Committee on International Justice and Peace, welcomed the announcement. Their statement follows: “We are grateful for this decision to redesignate Haiti for TPS, which acknowledges the serious challenges facing the island nation, including widespread violence, civil unrest, political instability, and food insecurity. Haiti is widely recognized as the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. 
The Church in Haiti has been directly impacted by the unprecedented levels of gang activity—with targeted kidnappings of clergy, religious, and lay persons in recent months—adding to the need for an urgent response. “We stand with our brother bishops in condemning the lawlessness, and we join them in their solidarity with victims. We urge the Haitian government and President Moïse to act in the best interests of the Haitian people by respecting and upholding their rights and dignity. We also call on the Biden Administration to address the desperate conditions plaguing the country through diplomatic and humanitarian measures. “This weekend, the Catholic Church celebrated the feast of Pentecost, where we were reminded of our unity through the Holy Spirit—a unity that transcends nations. Let us pray for peace in Haiti. May Our Lady of Perpetual Succor, patroness of Haiti, be a source of comfort and strength for all Haitians.”
Source: USCCB

Pope Francis Appoints New Head of Liturgy Archbishop Arthur Roche as Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship Replacing Cardinal Sarah

Appointment of the Prefect, Secretary and Under-Secretary of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments

The Holy Father has appointed His Excellency Monsignor Arthur Roche , Archbishop-Bishop Emeritus of Leeds, currently Secretary of the same Congregation, Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments .

The Roman Pontiff also appointed His Excellency Monsignor Vittorio Francesco Viola , OFM, currently Bishop of Tortona, Secretary of the same Congregation , at the same time conferring on him the title of Archbishop-Bishop Emeritus of Tortona.

His Holiness also appointed the Rev. Monsignor Aurelio García Marcías , currently Head of Office of the aforementioned Congregation , under-Secretary of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, with an episcopal character and assigning him the titular See of Rotdon .

Curriculum vitae of HE Mons. Aurelio García Macías

HE Mons. Aurelio García Macías was born on March 28, 1965 in Pollos (Spain). He was ordained a priest for the Archdiocese of Valladolid in 1992. He holds a Licentiate in Philosophy from the University of Salamanca and a PhD in Liturgy from the Pontifical Liturgical Institute Sant'Anselmo (Rome). He was Archdiocesan Delegate for the Liturgy and Rector of the Seminary of the same ecclesiastical circumscription. From 1st or September 2015 is in service at the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, in which, in 2016, he became Head of Office.

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Biography of Archbishop Arthur Roche
Born Batley Carr, Yorkshire, 6th March 1950: ordained Priest on 19th July 1975 by Bishop William Gordon Wheeler; ordained Auxiliary Bishop of Westminster by Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O’Connor 10th May 2001; appointed Co-adjutor Bishop of Leeds with Right of Succession on 16th July 2002; and upon Bishop Konstant’s retirement on 7th April 2004 became the ninth Bishop of Leeds. Appointed Secretary of the Congregation for Divine Worship and Discipline of the Sacraments on 26th June 2012 and raised to Archbishop, with the title Archbishop, Bishop Emeritus of Leeds.Biography of Archbishop Arthur Roche, Bishop Emeritus of LeedsArchbishop Arthur Roche, STB, STL was born in Batley, West Yorkshire on 6th March 1950, the youngest child of the late Arthur and Frances Roche; his elder brother, Brian died at an early age, killed while on military service in the Far East, while his married sister, Margaret, lives in West Yorkshire. Archbishop Roche was educated at St Joseph’s Primary School, Batley Carr, St John Fisher High School, Dewsbury and Christleton Hall, near Chester before he embarked on his studies for the priesthood in 1969. He spent the next six years in Spain, at St Alban’s College, Valladolid, during which time he obtained a degree in theology from the University of Comillas. He was ordained priest for the Diocese of Leeds by Bishop William Gordon Wheeler at St Joseph’s, Batley Carr on 19th July 1975.

In August 1975 Fr Roche became assistant priest in the parish of Holy Rood, Barnsley. At the beginning of 1978 he moved to Bishop’s House, Thorner on his appointment as Secretary to Bishop Wheeler. He also became chaplain to St John Bosco School, Leeds and in 1979 he was appointed Vice-Chancellor of the Diocese. From 1981-86 he edited the annual Leeds Diocesan Directory. In February 1982 he assumed responsibility for organising the Visit of Pope St John Paul II to York in May of that year. With the completion of this assignment in the late summer of 1982 he joined the staff at Leeds Cathedral, where he remained for the next six-and-a-half years.

Bishop David Konstant appointed Fr Roche as Diocesan Financial Secretary for a five-year period starting in August 1986. During this period he also became Parish Priest of St Wilfrid’s, Leeds in January 1989. In the autumn of 1991 he relinquished these posts in order to pursue further studies in theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome. He took up residence at the Venerable English College and in 1992 he joined the staff of the college as Spiritual Director. In April 1996 it was announced that Fr Roche was to be the new General Secretary of the CBCEW. Following his appointment he was honoured by Pope St John Paul II, becoming a Prelate of Honour with the title Monsignor. As General Secretary, Mgr Roche worked closely with three Presidents of the Bishops’ Conference: Cardinal Basil Hume OSB (1996-99), Archbishop Michael Bowen (1999-2000) and Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O’Connor. 

On 12th April 2001, he was appointed to the See of Westminster as Auxiliary Bishop to Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O’Connor and was given the Titular See of Rusticiana. His Episcopal Ordination took place at Westminster Cathedral on 10th May 2001.

During 2001-02 Bishop Roche served as Chairman of the Pastoral Affairs Committee of the Diocese of Westminster as well as the Diocesan Finance Committee and the Catholic Children’s Society in Westminster. He was also a member of the Bishop’s Special Commission on Seminaries which reported in May 2002.

It was announced on 16th July 2002 that Pope St John Paul II had appointed Bishop Roche as Coadjutor Bishop of Leeds. This was the first time such an appointment had been made in the Diocese of Leeds since that of Bishop Cowgill in 1905 who succeeded Bishop Gordon in 1911 and was Bishop of Leeds for the next quarter of a century. 

On April 7th 2004, following the retirement of Bishop Konstant, Bishop Roche became the ninth Bishop of Leeds.

From 2002, Bishop Roche was Chairman of the International Commission for English in the Liturgy, of which he was appointed a member in 2001. Nationally, Bishop Roche was Chairman of the Department of Christian Life and Worship, a post he held from 2004, and was a member of the Standing Committee of the CBCEW.  He was also one of the three bishops responsible for the English Colleges in Rome and Valladolid and the Beda College in Rome.

His interests include gardening, walking, travel and painting.

He was a Patron of the Society of St Gregory, Bradford Churches for Dialogue and Diversity, STOP Project (Start Treating Others Positively), the College of Preachers, Chapeltown Harehills Assisted Learning Computer School, The Yorkshire Pride Appeal (Yorkshire County Cricket Club). He was Chairman of the Leeds Diocesan Trust and a Trustee of the English Colleges in Valladolid and Rome. He was Chairman of the Board of Governors of Leeds Trinity University College, Horsforth, and of Catholic Care, Leeds.

On 26th June 2012 Bishop Roche was appointed as Secretary of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments by Pope Benedict XVI and raised to the title of Archbishop, Bishop Emeritus of Leeds.