Friday, May 28, 2021

Holy Mass Online - Readings and Video : Saturday, May 29, 2021 - #Eucharist in Your Virtual Church



Saturday of the Eighth Week in Ordinary Time
Lectionary: 352
Reading I
Sir 51:12cd-20
I thank the LORD and I praise him;
    I bless the name of the LORD.
When I was young and innocent,
    I sought wisdom openly in my prayer
I prayed for her before the temple,
    and I will seek her until the end,
    and she flourished as a grape soon ripe.
My heart delighted in her,
My feet kept to the level path
    because from earliest youth I was familiar with her.
In the short time I paid heed,
    I met with great instruction.
Since in this way I have profited,
    I will give my teacher grateful praise.
I became resolutely devoted to her—
    the good I persistently strove for.
My soul was tormented in seeking her, 
My hand opened her gate
    and I came to know her secrets.
I directed my soul to her,
    and in cleanness I attained to her.
Responsorial Psalm
19:8, 9, 10, 11
R.     (9ab)  The precepts of the Lord give joy to the heart.
The law of the LORD is perfect,
    refreshing the soul.
The decree of the LORD is trustworthy,
    giving wisdom to the simple.
R.     The precepts of the Lord give joy to the heart.
The precepts of the LORD are right,
    rejoicing the heart.
The command of the LORD is clear,
    enlightening the eye.
R.    The precepts of the Lord give joy to the heart.
The fear of the LORD is pure,
    enduring forever;
The ordinances of the LORD are true,
    all of them just.
R.    The precepts of the Lord give joy to the heart.
They are more precious than gold,
    than a heap of purest gold;
Sweeter also than syrup
    or honey from the comb.
R.    The precepts of the Lord give joy to the heart.
Alleluia
See Col 3:16a, 17c
R.     Alleluia, alleluia.
Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly;
giving thanks to God the Father through him.
R.    Alleluia, alleluia.
Gospel
Mk 11:27-33
Jesus and his disciples returned once more to Jerusalem.
As he was walking in the temple area,
the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders
approached him and said to him,
“By what authority are you doing these things?
Or who gave you this authority to do them?”
Jesus said to them, “I shall ask you one question.
Answer me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things. 
Was John’s baptism of heavenly or of human origin?  Answer me.”
They discussed this among themselves and said,
“If we say, ‘Of heavenly origin,’ he will say,
‘Then why did you not believe him?’
But shall we say, ‘Of human origin’?”–
they feared the crowd,
for they all thought John really was a prophet.
So they said to Jesus in reply, “We do not know.”
Then Jesus said to them,
“Neither shall I tell you by what authority I do these things.”

Prayer to Make a Spiritual Communion-

People who cannot communicate now make spiritual communion
At your feet, O my Jesus I bow down and offer you the repentance of my contrite heart, which abysses itself into its nothingness and Your holy presence. I adore you in the Sacrament of Your love, the ineffable Eucharist. I wish to receive you in the poor home that my heart offers you. In anticipation of the happiness of sacramental communion, I want to possess you in spirit. Come to me, oh my Jesus, that I may come to you. May Your love inflame my whole being, for life and death. I believe in you, I hope in you, I love you. So be it. Amen

Saint May 29 : St. Maximinus of Trier a Bishop of Trier and Defender against Arianism


Feast Day: May 29
Born: at Silly near Poitiers, France
Died:
12 September 349 or 29 May 352 (records vary)
Patron of: Trier, Germany
Bishop of Trier, b. at Silly near Poitiers, d. there, 29 May, 352 or 12 Sept., 349. He was educated and ordained priest by St. Agritius, whom he succeeded as Bishop of Trier in 332 or 335. At that time Trier was the government seat of the Western Emperor and, by force of his office, Maximinus stood in close relation with the Emperors Constantine II and Constans. He was a strenuous defender of the orthodox faith against Arianism and an intimate friend of St. Athanasius, whom he harboured as an honoured guest during his exile of two years and four months (336-8) at Trier. He likewise received with honours the banished patriarch Paul of Constantinople in 341 and effected his recall to Constantinople. When four Arian bishops came from Antioch to Trier in 342 with the purpose of winning Emperor Constans to their side, Maximinus refused to receive them and induced the emperor to reject their proposals. In conjunction with Pope Julius I and Bishop Hosius of Cordova, he persuaded the Emperor Constans to convene the Synod of Sardica in 343 and probably took part in it. That the Arians considered him as one of their chief opponents is evident from the fact that they condemned by name along with Pope Julius I and Hosius of Cordova at their heretical synod of Philippopolis in 343 (Mans, "Sacrorum Conc. nova et ampl. Coll.", III, 136 sq.). In 345 he took part in the Synod of Milan and is said to have presided over a synod held at Cologne in 346, where Bishop Euphratas of Cologne was deposed on account of his leanings toward Arianism. (Concerning the authenticity of the Acts of this synod see the new French translation of Hefele's "Conciliengeschichte", I, ii (Paris, 1907), pp. 830-34.) He also sent Sts. Castor and Lubentius as missionaries to the valleys of the Mosel and the Lahn. It is doubtful whether the Maximinus whom the usurper Magnentius sent as legate to Constantinople in the interests of peace is identical with the Bishop of Trier (Athanasius, "Apol. ad Const. Imp.", 9). His cult began right after his death. His feast is celebrated on 29 May, on which day his name stands in the martyrologies of St. Jerome, St. Bede, St. Ado, and others. Trier honours him as its patron. In the autumn of 353 his body was buried in the church of St. John near Trier, where in the seventh century was founded the famous Benedictine abbey of St. Maximinus, which flourished till 1802. Catholic Encyclopedia

Pope Francis will End the Rosary Prayer Marathon in the Vatican Gardens and Include Our Lady Undoer of Knots



Vatican News reports that Pope Francis will lead the faithful in the prayer of the Rosary on Monday, 31 May, at the conclusion of the month-long Marathon of Prayer for an end to the Covid-19 pandemic.

(Edited from a report By Christopher Wells)

For the final night of prayer, Pope Francis asked that an image of Our Lady Untier of Knots be set up in the Vatican Gardens, which will serve as an open-air shrine for the occasion.

The Holy Father has always had a strong devotion toward the 18th image, which comes originally from Augsburg, Germany.

The current Bishop of Augsburg, Bertram Johannes Meier, is bringing a copy of the original image to Rome for next Monday’s event, which will then be given to Pope Francis. Bishop Meier will lead a Solemn Procession to open the ceremony, placing the icon in a “scenic spot” in the Gardens. A press release from the Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelisation – which has organized the Marathon of Prayer – notes that the Pope and faithful will be presented with a “unique perspective,” with the lighted Dome of St Peter’s seeming to protect the city of Rome, “the symbol of all the cities of the world.”

Pope Francis has chosen five special prayer intentions for the concluding ceremony, five “knots” to be untied: The first is “wounded relationality, loneliness, and indifference,” which have grown worse during the pandemic.

The second knot is unemployment, especially the challenges for young people, women, and fathers of families, as well as those facing businessmen working to defend and protect their employees.

The “drama of violence” — especially violence that originates in the home, violence against women, and violence that comes as a result of social tensions exacerbated by the current crisis — is the third knot.

The Pope’s fourth intention relates to “human progress,” which should be supported by scientific research in such a way that discoveries might be accessible to all, “especially the weakest and the poorest."

Finally, the Pope will pray for pastoral care, that Catholic communities might regain their enthusiasm and feel a new impetus in all areas of pastoral life; and that young people might be able to marry and build a family and a future.

At the conclusion of the celebration on Monday evening, Pope Francis will solemnly crown the image of Mary, Untier of Knots.

The Rosary with Pope Francis will be broadcast live through all the Vatican media channels, including Vatican Radio and the Vatican News website, and will be accessible to the deaf and hearing-impaired through translation into Italian Sign Language (LIS).

A group of Marian shrines from around the world will be connected to Rome for the Rosary, ensuring a worldwide representation. The following shrines will take part: Notre Dame de Boulogne in France; Our Lady of Schoenstatt in Germany; Our Lady of Sorrows in Rwanda; the National Shrine of Maipú in Chile; Nuestra Senora de Os Gozos in Spain; the Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes in Carfin, Scotland; the Basilica Shrine of La Virgen de los Milagros de Caacupé in Paraguay; and the parish sanctuary of Our Lady of Health in La Spezia, Italy.

Edited from Vatican News


Thousands Attend March for Life in Rome, Italy with Many Pro-Life Speakers and Youth



Thousands of people attended the March for Life, in Rome, Italy, on the 22nd of May, 2021. The 10th annual Marcia per la Vita (March for Life) took place with many watching via livestream. (See video below)

Speakers included: Janusz Kotanski (ambassador of Poland to the Holy See), Eduard Habsburg-Lothringen (Ambassador of Hungary to the Holy See), John Smeaton (founder and president of the English Society for the Protection of the Unborn Child), Anna Bonetti (deaf from birth to a congenital anomaly, learned to speak at the age of five - ProVita & Famiglia testimonial), Anna and Dario Alinti (couple who first lived the experience of abortion, then met the accompaniment of 'Rachel's vineyard') and  Mons. Antonio Suetta (bishop of Ventimiglia-San Remo):

Virginia Coda Nunziante, the President of the march’s organising committee, said “We affirm the intangibility of innocent human life, from conception to natural death, because we are convinced that nothing is irreversible in history”.

Jacopo Coghe, vice president of Pro Vita e Famiglia said: “[We are] here to say yes to life and freedom… we are here to ask that the first of human rights be recognised: the right to life of every human being endangered by abortion”.

He went on: “We are also here to protest against the directives of Minister Speranza who during the pandemic effectively liberalised abortion at home… A decision that… will leave women even more alone in the face of pregnancy, further exposing them to serious risks for physical and mental health”. 

Mario Adinolfi, journalist and President of “Il Popolo della Famiglia” (The People of Family) said: “To meet women and their condition of possible difficulty, the Popolo della Famiglia has been proposing maternity income for years: we are sure that through this tool tens of thousands of children could be saved every year”.

Abortion in Italy

Abortion was legalised in Italy in 1978. Women are permitted to terminate a pregnancy up to 90 days (12 weeks) gestation, de facto on request. After a period of 90 days, abortions are only permitted if a women’s life is at risk or the baby has been diagnosed with a disability, but this must pose a serious danger to the physical or psychological health of the woman. 

Italian law also recognises the right of medics to conscientiously object to performing abortion procedures. 

Apart from in cases of medical emergency, there is a seven-day waiting period between medical authorisation of an abortion and the date of the procedure itself. Parental consent is required for teenage girls who are ages 18 or below.

In 2018, Italy recorded 76,328 abortions. Italy has a population of around 60 million people. To put this number in perspective, England and Wales have a similar population size of around 59 million, but the number of abortions performed there in 2018 was 205,295.

Right To Life UK spokesperson, Catherine Robinson, said: “It is wonderful to see so many enthusiastic pro-lifers take to the streets at such a critical time for Italy and the world, as abortion access has expanded throughout the pandemic. The pro-life movement depends on those people who are willing to publicly and courageously demonstrate their values”.

Edited from Right to Life UK 

Pope Francis Names New Auxiliary Bishop of Las Vegas Msgr. Gregory Gordon - FULL TEXT


 

Pope Francis Names New Auxiliary Bishop of Las Vegas

MAY 28, 2021 

USCCB WASHINGTON—Pope Francis has appointed the Rev. Msgr. Gregory Gordon as auxiliary bishop of Las Vegas. Bishop-elect Gordon is a priest of the Diocese of Las Vegas and currently serves as vicar general, chancellor, and moderator of the curia for the Diocese of Las Vegas. The appointment was publicized in Washington, D.C. on May 28, 2021 by Archbishop Christophe Pierre, apostolic nuncio to the United States.

Monsignor Gordon was born on October 4, 1960 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He moved with his family to Boulder City, Nevada in 1972. He attended St. Joseph’s University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1978-1980) and St. Charles Borromeo Seminary (1980-1983). Monsignor Gordon received a Bachelor of Sacred Theology (STB) from the Pontifical Gregorian University (1986) and a Licentiate of Sacred Theology (STL) from the Pontifical Lateran University (1987) in Rome. He was ordained a priest for the Diocese of Las Vegas on January 16, 1988.

Assignments after ordination include: parochial vicar at St. Francis de Sales parish, Las Vegas (1988-1990); associate pastor (1990-1991) and administrator (1991-1992) at St. Anne parish, Las Vegas; campus ministry at the University of Las Vegas (1992-1993); pastor pro tempore at St. Mary the Virgin parish, Las Vegas (1993); associate pastor at Our Lady of Las Vegas parish, Las Vegas (1993-1994); administrator (1994-1995) and pastor (1995-2003) at St. Christopher parish, North Las Vegas; and pastor at St. Francis of Assisi parish, Henderson (2004-2007). From 2007-2014, Monsignor Gordon was assigned to the Apostolic Nunciature in Washington, D.C. He was served as pastor at St. Anne parish in Las Vegas from 2014-2020. He was named chancellor, moderator of the curia, and vicar general for the Diocese of Las Vegas in 2020. Bishop-elect Gordon speaks both English and Spanish.

The Diocese of Las Vegas is comprised of 39,088 square miles in the state of Nevada and has a total population of 2,283,020 of which 620,000 are Catholic. Bishop George Leo Thomas is the current bishop of Las Vegas.

Source: USCCB

Pope Francis Orders Apostolic Visitation for the Archdiocese of Cologne, Germany







Bishops of Stockholm and Rotterdam are investigating the situation in the Archdiocese in Germany. 

The Archdiocese of Cologne announced on Friday that Pope Francis has ordered an apostolic visitation of the Archdiocese of Cologne. To this end, the Holy Father has appointed His Eminence Anders Cardinal Arborelius OCD, Bishop of Stockholm, and His Excellency Monsignor Johannes van den Hende, Bishop of Rotterdam and Chairman of the Dutch Bishops' Conference, as Apostolic Visitators.
During the first half of June, the ambassadors of the Holy See will get a comprehensive picture of the complex pastoral situation in the Archdiocese and at the same time see if any mistakes were made by His Eminence Cardinal Woelkis and the Archbishop of Hamburg, HE Mons. Stefan Heße and the auxiliary bishops, SE Mons. Dominikus Schwaderlapp and Mos. Investigate Ansgar Puff in dealing with sexual abuse cases.
Rainer Maria Cardinal Woelki explains this: "In February I already informed the Holy Father in Rome comprehensively about the situation in our Archdiocese. I welcome the fact that the Pope is getting his own picture of the independent investigation and the consequences of it with the Apostolic Visit I will support Cardinal Arborelius and Bishop van den Hende in their work with full conviction.

U.S. Bishops’ Conference Chairman Condemns Recent Rise in Anti-semitic Incidents - FULL TEXT



President of U.S. Bishops’ Conference and Chairman for Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs Condemn Recent Rise in Antisemitic Incidents
MAY 26, 2021 
WASHINGTON – With a recent rise in the incidents across the country that have been antisemitic in nature, Archbishop José H. Gomez of Los Angeles and president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), and Bishop David P. Talley of Memphis and chairman of the USCCB’s Committee on Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs issued a call for prayers and unity in fostering a culture that rejects all forms of hatred.
Their full statement follows:
“The recent rise in antisemitic attacks across the nation is deeply troubling. We cannot remain silent when we witness our brothers and sisters suffering on account of being Jewish, and we will never tire of our commitment to decry every form of hatred, especially those formed in contempt of faith.
“Any attack on a community or individual on the basis of faith or otherwise is contrary to who we are called to be as the People of God. Pope Francis continually reminds us of our duty to build a culture of encounter by building bridges that transcend differences and divisions (cf. Fratelli Tutti, 215-217). In doing so, we must denounce violence unconditionally and take up dialogue.
“We remain steadfast in the promise of the Second Vatican Council to decry ‘all hatred, persecutions, and manifestations of antisemitism directed against the Jews at any time by anyone’ (Nostra Aetate, 4). This is integral to the irrevocable friendship we have cultivated and continue to build with our Jewish brothers and sisters.
“Our prayers are with those who have been harmed. May all people of good will unite in fostering a culture that rejects all forms of hatred, most especially antisemitism.”
Source: USCCB Release

Saint May 28 : St. Germanus the Abbot and Bishop of Paris


St. Germanus
ABBOT AND BISHOP OF PARIS

Born: 496 at Autun, France
Died: 576

St. Germanus, the glory of the church of France in the sixth age, was born in the territory of Autun about the year 469. He was brought up in piety and learning under the care of Scapilion his cousin, a holy priest. In his youth no weather could divert him from always going to Matins at midnight, though the church was above a mile from the place of his abode. Being ordained priest by St. Agrippinus bishop of Autun, he was made abbot of St. Symphorian's in the suburbs of that city, a house since converted into a priory of regular canons. Fortunatus, bishop of Poitiers, who was well acquainted with our saint, tells us that he was favored at that time with the gifts of miracles and prophecy. It was his custom to watch great part of the night in the church in prayer, while his monks slept. One night in a dream he thought a venerable old man presented him with the keys of the city of Paris and said to him, that God committed to his care the inhabitants of that city, that he should save them from perishing. Four years after this divine admonition, in 554, happening to be at Paris when that see became vacant, on the demise of the bishop Eusebius, he was exalted to the episcopal chair, though he endeavored by many tears to decline the charge. His promotion made no alteration in his continual fasts and other austerities; and the same simplicity and frugality appeared in his dress, table, and furniture. In the evening at nine o'clock he went to the church, and staved there in prayer till after Matins, that is, in summer till about break of day His house was perpetually crowded with the poor and the afflicted. and he had always many beggars at his own table, at which no dainty meats were ever served; he took care that the souls of his guests should be refreshed at the same time with their bodies, by the reading of some pious book. God gave to his sermons a wonderful influence over the minds of ale ranks of people; so that the face of the whole city was in a very short time quite changed. Vanities were abolished, dances and profane amusements laid aside, enmities and discord extinguished, and sinners reclaimed. King Childebert, who till then had been an ambitious worldly prince, by the sweetness and the powerful discourses of the saint, was entirely converted to piety, and by his advice reformed his whole court. And so desirous did that prince become of exchanging the perishing goods of this world for eternal treasures, that, not content with making many religious foundations, to be nurseries of piety in all succeeding ages, and with sending incredible sums of money to the good bishop, to be distributed among the indigent after his coffers were drained he melted down his silver plate, and gave away the chains which he wore about his neck, begging the bishop, whom he made the steward of his charities, never to cease giving, assuring him that on his side he should never be tired with supplying all things for the relief and comfort of the distressed.

In the year 542, king Childebert, together with his brother Clotaire, making war in Spain, besieged Saragossa. The inhabitants of that city reposed a particular confidence in the patronage of St. Vincent, whose relics they carried in procession within sight of the French camp. King Childebert was moved with their devotion, and desiring to speak with the bishop of the city, promised to withdraw his army, on condition he might obtain some portion of the relics of St. Vincent. The bishop gave him the stole which that holy deacon wore at the altar. Upon which the king raised the siege, and, at his return to Paris, built a church in honor of St. Vincent, and of the Holy Cross; which is now called St. Germain's in the meadows, and stands in the suburbs of Paris. Childebert falling sick at his palace at Celles, near Melun, at the confluence of the Yon and Seine, St. Germanus paid him a visit; and when the physicians had in vain tried every thing, all human means failing, the saint spent the whole night in prayer for his recovery, and in the morning laid his hands on him; and at the same moment the king found himself perfectly healed. The king relates himself this miracle in his letters patent, in which, in gratitude to God for this benefit, he gave to the church of Paris and the bishop Germanus, the land of Celles, where he had received this favor. The good king did not long survive. As the king had chosen the church of St. Vincent for the place of his burial, the saint, assisted by six other bishops, performed the ceremony of the dedication on the 23d of December, 558, the very day on which that prince died. The king likewise had built a large monastery joining to this new church, which he endowed most liberally with the fief of Issy and other lands, on part of which a considerable suburb of Paris has been since built. This magnificent edifice was called the Golden Church, the walls being covered on the outside with plates of brass gilt, and within adorned with paintings on a rich gilt ground.1 This church was plundered by the Normans, in 845, 857, 858, and set on fire by them in 861 and 881; but rebuilt in 1014, and dedicated by pope Alexander III. in 1163. The lower part of the great tower and its gate with the statues of Clovis, Clodomir, Thierri, Childebert and his wife Ultrogotta, Clotaire, and others, seem to be as old as the time of king Childebert. This prince committed the monastery and church to the care of our saint, who placed there monks under the holy abbot Droctoveus, whom he had invited from Autun, where he had formed him to a religious life. Clotaire, who succeeded his brother Childebert, was the last of the sons of the great Clovis; and united again the four kingdoms of France into one monarchy. On his removing from Soissons to Paris, he at first seemed to treat the holy bishop coldly; but falling ill soon after of a violent fever, was put in mind by some that were about him to send for St. Germanus. He did so, and full of confidence in the power of God and the sanctity of his servant, took hold of his clothes and applied them to the parts of his body where he felt pain, and recovered immediately. From that moment he always treated the saint even with greater honor than Childebert had done. But that prince dying shortly after, in 561, his four sons, Charibert, Gontran, Sigebert,  and Chilperic, divided the French monarchy into four kingdoms, in the same manner as the sons of Clovis had done. That of Paris was given to Charibert or Aribert, Gontran was king of Orleans and Burgundy, Sigebert of Austrasia, and Chilperic of Soissons. Charibert sunk into a vicious indolence, yet was obstinate and headstrong in his passions not being divested of all the prejudices of paganism, he divorced his wife Ingoberga, and took to wife Marcovesa her maid, who had worn a religious habit; and after her death, he married her sister Merofleda, Ingoberga being still living. Our saint many ways endeavored to make him sensible of the enormity of his crimes; but finding all his remonstrances lost on him, he proceeded so far as to excommunicate him and the accomplice of his sin, to hinder at least the dangerous influence of his scandalous example. The sinners were hardened in their evil courses; but God revenged the contempt of his laws and of the holy pastor as he has often done, by visible judgments; for the criminal lady fell ill and died in a few days, and the adulterous king did not long survive her, leaving by his lawful wife only three daughters, two of whom became nuns, the third, called Bertha, was married to Ethelbert, king of Kent.

 Upon the death of Charibert in 570, his three brothers divided his dominions; but not being able to agree who should be master of Paris, the capital, came to an accommodation that they should hold it jointly, on condition that none of them should go into the city without the leave of the other two St. Germanus found his flock involved by this agreement in great difficulties, and the city divided into three different parties, always plotting and counterplotting against one another. He did all that the most consummate charity, prudence, and vigilance could do, to preserve the public peace; yet Sigebert and Chilperic appeared in arms, being fired by ambition, and stirred up by their wicked queens Fredegonda, wife of the latter, and Brunehaut of the former, burning with the most implacable jealousy against each other. The saint prevailed with them to suspend their hostilities for some time. At length Chilperic invaded the territories of Sigebert, but being worsted in battle, fled to Tournay. This victory left Sigebert free liberty of going to Paris with his wife Brunehaut and children, where he was received as conqueror. St. Germanus wrote to the queen, conjuring her to employ her interest with her husband to restore the peace of France, and to spare the life and fortune of a brother, whose ruin and blood would cry to heaven for vengeance. But Brunehaut's passion rendered her deaf to all remonstrances, and Sigebert was determined by her furious counsels to besiege Tournay. As he was setting out for this enterprise, he was met by St. Germanus, who told him that if he forgave his brother, he should return victorious; but if he was bent on his death, divine justice would overtake him, and his own death should prevent the execution of his unnatural design. Sigebert allowed this wholesome advice no weight; but the event showed that God had put these words in the mouth of the good bishop; for queen Fredegonda, enraged at  the desperate posture of her husband's

affairs, hired two assassins, who dispatched him with poisoned daggers, while he made a halt in his march at Vitri, in 575, after he had reigned fourteen years, with some reputation of humanity, as Fortunatus tells us.
Chilperic, by his tyranny and oppressions, deserved to be styled the French Nero, as St. Gregory of Tours calls him. He sacrificed his own children by former wives to the fury of Fredegonda, but having discovered her infidelity to him, he was, by her contrivance, murdered by her gallant in 584. Fredegonda was regent of the kingdoms of Soissons and Paris for her son Clotaire III., and continued her practices and wars against Brunehaut and her son till she died, in 601. Brunehaut governed the kingdom of Austrasia for her son Childebert II., and after his death for her grandson Theodebert; but afterwards persuaded Theodoric, her second grandson, who reigned at Challons, to destroy him and his whole family in fill. The year following Theodoric died, and Clotaire II., surnamed the Great, son of Fredegonda, inheriting both their estates, accused Brunehaut before the states of putting to death ten kings and St. Desiderius, bishop of Vienne, because he had reproved her for her public scandalous lusts, and many other illustrious persons. She had at first appeared liberal, and built several churches; but afterwards became infamous for her cruelty, avarice, restless ambition, and insatiable lusts, to which she sacrificed all things, and employed both the sword and poison in perpetrating her wicked designs. Being condemned by the states, she was put to the rack during three days, and afterwards dragged to death, being tied to the tail of a wild mare; or, according to others, drawn betwixt four horses, in 613.

St. Germanus lived not to see the miserable ends of these two firebrands of their country. In his old age he lost nothing of that zeal and activity with which he had filled the great duties of his station in the vigor of his life, nor did the weakness to which his corporal austerities had reduced him, make him abate any thing in the mortifications of his penitential life, in which he redoubled his fervor as he approached nearer to the end of his course. By his zeal the remains of idolatry were extirpated in France. In the third council of Paris, in 557, he had the principal share in drawing up the canons. By his advice, king Childebert issued an edict commanding all idols to be destroyed throughout his dominions, and forbidding all indecent dances and diversions on Sundays and festivals. The saint continued his labors for the conversion of sinners till he was called to receive the reward of them on the 28th of May, 576, being eighty years old. King Chilperic composed his epitaph, in which he extols his zeal for the salvation of his people, and their affection and veneration for his person. He mentions the miracles which were wrought at his tomb, and says that sight was restored to the blind and speech to the dumb.2 He was, according to his own desire, buried in St. Symphorian's chapel, which he built at the bottom of the church of St. Vincent already mentioned. Many miracles manifested his sanctity, of which Fortunatus, then a priest, afterwards bishop of Poitiers, has left us a history, in which he gives two on his own evidence. Also two anonymous monks compiled relations of several miracles of St. Germanus, which Aimoinus, a monk of this monastery in 870, and a careful writer, digested into two books.3 The relics of St. Germanus remained in the aforesaid chapel till the year 754, when the abbot removed them into the body of the church. The ceremony of this translation was performed with great solemnity; and king Pepin thought himself honored by assisting at it.
Prince Charles, known afterwards by the title of Charlemagne, who was then but seven years old, attended his father on this occasion, and was so strongly affected with the miracles performed at that time, that when he came to the crown, he took a particular pleasure in relating them, with all their circumstances. The greatest part of the relics of St. Germanus remain still in this church of St. Vincent, commonly called St. Germain-des-Prez. This abbey is possessed of the original privilege of its foundation and exemption, written on bark, and subscribed by St. Germanus, St. Nicetius, and several other bishops. The most valuable work of St. Germanus of Paris, is An Exposition of the Liturgy, published from an ancient manuscript by Dom. Martenne.4 The characteristical virtue of St. Germanus was his unbounded charity to the poor. Liberality in alms moves God to be liberal to us in the dispensations of his spiritual graces; but he who hardens his heart to the injuries and wants of others, shuts against himself the treasury of heaven. The Catholic Encyclopedia