Tuesday, January 9, 2018

Saint January 10 : St. William of #Bourges : #Cistercian #Bishop

St. William of Bourges
Feast: January 10

Feast Day:January 10
12th century in Nevers, France
Died:10 January 1209 at Bourges, France
Canonized:17 May 1217 by Pope Honorius III

Ciscertian bishop, also called William of Dongeon. He was born at Nevers, France, and studied under his uncle, Peter, the archdeacon of Soissons, before receiving ordination and appointment as a cannon of Soissons. He helpd the same post in Paris adn then entered the monastery of Grandmont, transferring to the Cistercian community at Pontigny. In succeeding years, he was abbot of Fontaine-Jean, in Sens; abbot of Chalis, near Senlis; and bishop of Bourges, receiving consecration in 1200. The last office he was compelled to take at the behest of Pope Innocent III (r. 1198-1216). As bishop, he distinguished himself by his austerities, concern for the poor, the defense of the rights of the Church against the French crown, and his success in converting many members of the Albigensian heresy. He was canonized by Pope Honorius III (r. 1216-1227).

(Taken from Our Sunday Visitor's Encyclopedia of Saints)

Pope Francis when Jesus teaches he “‎causes astonishment and moves the heart". Homily at Vatican

In his homily at Mass, Pope Francis compares the authority of Jesus with that of the scribes and doctors ‎of the law who were far from God and the people. ‎
By Robin Gomes 
Emotion, closeness and consistency are what characterize the authority of Jesus the pastor. Pope Francis made the point in his homily at Mass, Tuesday morning, in the chapel of Casa Santa Marta in the Vatican, where he reflected on Mark’s Gospel where Jesus teaches with authority in the synagogue of Capernaum and drives an unclean spirit out of a man.  
Authority comes from closeness to God and man
The Pope explained that that the newness of Christ lies precisely in the “gift of authority” that he received from the Father.  The scribes and the doctors of the law, who also "told the truth", did not “reach the heart” like Jesus did.  They taught "‎from the chair and were not interested in people", but when Jesus teaches he “‎causes astonishment and moves the heart". 
What "gives authority" to Jesus, the Pope explained, is precisely his closeness to the people, because he understands their problems pains and sins, he welcomes, heals, and teaches them coming close to them. 
What grants authority to a pastor or awakens authority in him, given by the Father, the Pope said,  is closeness - closeness to God in prayer.  A pastor who  does not pray, who does not seek God, he said, cannot be close to the people.  And a pastor detached from the people cannot bring his message to them.  This double closeness is what the anointing of the pastor consists in, because moved by God’s gift of prayer, the pastor in turn can be moved by the sins, the problems and the diseases of the people. 
Pastor’s double life
The Pope further explained that the scribes had lost the ability to be moved because they were neither close to the people nor to God.  When one loses this closeness, the Pope said, the pastor ends up “in incoherent life.”
In this regard, the Pope said, Jesus tells the people to do as they do, because they speak the truth, but not what they do. Jesus points to double life, the Pope said, lamenting it is bad to see pastors with double life, who are a wound in the Church. 
These sick pastors who have lost authority, carry on with double life, but Jesus is stern with them.  He calls them “whitened sepulchers” – beautiful in doctrine on the outside but rotting within.  This is the end of a pastor who is neither close to God in prayer nor close to the people in compassion.‎
Hannah and Eli
Pope Francis compared the two figures in the Gospel – Hannah who prays to the Lord for son, ‎and the old priest Eli who was weak and had lost his closeness to God and to the people, and considered Hanna a drunkard.  When Hannah explained to Eli that she was praying in her heart pouring out her pain and anguish, moving her lips, the priest was able to get close to that heart and told her to go in peace.  The Pope said Eli realized he had mistaken and blessed and prophesied out of his heart, and Hannah gave birth to Samuel.
Never too late
Addressing pastors who are detached from God and form the people the Pope told them not to lose hope. He said, it was enough for Eli to look at Hannah, approach and listen to her and awaken the authority to bless and prophesy, and accordingly a son was born to her.  
Authority, the Pope explained is a gift that comes only from God, which Jesus gives to His own.  Authority in speaking, he said, always comes from one’s closeness to God and to the people.   ‎Authority is coherence, not double life.  And if a pastor loses his authority, he should not lose hope, as there is always time to come close and reawaken one’s authority and prophecy.‎ Text Source Vatican News

Today's Mass Readings and Video : Tuesday January 9, 2018 - #Eucharist

Tuesday of the First Week in Ordinary Time
Lectionary: 306

Reading 11 SM 1:9-20

Hannah rose after a meal at Shiloh,
and presented herself before the LORD;
at the time, Eli the priest was sitting on a chair
near the doorpost of the LORD's temple.
In her bitterness she prayed to the LORD, weeping copiously,
and she made a vow, promising: "O LORD of hosts,
if you look with pity on the misery of your handmaid,
if you remember me and do not forget me,
if you give your handmaid a male child,
I will give him to the LORD for as long as he lives;
neither wine nor liquor shall he drink,
and no razor shall ever touch his head."
As she remained long at prayer before the LORD,
Eli watched her mouth, for Hannah was praying silently;
though her lips were moving, her voice could not be heard.
Eli, thinking her drunk, said to her,
"How long will you make a drunken show of yourself?
Sober up from your wine!"
"It isn't that, my lord," Hannah answered.
"I am an unhappy woman.
I have had neither wine nor liquor;
I was only pouring out my troubles to the LORD.
Do not think your handmaid a ne'er-do-well;
my prayer has been prompted by my deep sorrow and misery."
Eli said, "Go in peace,
and may the God of Israel grant you what you have asked of him."
She replied, "Think kindly of your maidservant," and left.
She went to her quarters, ate and drank with her husband,
and no longer appeared downcast.
Early the next morning they worshiped before the LORD,
and then returned to their home in Ramah.

When Elkanah had relations with his wife Hannah,
the LORD remembered her.
She conceived, and at the end of her term bore a son
whom she called Samuel, since she had asked the LORD for him.

Responsorial Psalm1 SAMUEL 2:1, 4-5, 6-7, 8ABCD

R. (see 1) My heart exults in the Lord, my Savior.
"My heart exults in the LORD,
my horn is exalted in my God.
I have swallowed up my enemies;
I rejoice in my victory."
R. My heart exults in the Lord, my Savior.
"The bows of the mighty are broken,
while the tottering gird on strength.
The well-fed hire themselves out for bread,
while the hungry batten on spoil.
The barren wife bears seven sons,
while the mother of many languishes."
R. My heart exults in the Lord, my Savior.
"The LORD puts to death and gives life;
he casts down to the nether world;
he raises up again.
The LORD makes poor and makes rich;
he humbles, he also exalts."
R. My heart exults in the Lord, my Savior.
"He raises the needy from the dust;
from the dung heap he lifts up the poor,
To seat them with nobles
and make a glorious throne their heritage."
R. My heart exults in the Lord, my Savior.

AlleluiaSEE 1 THES 2:13

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
Receive the word of God, not as the word of men,
but as it truly is, the word of God.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

GospelMK 1:21-28

Jesus came to Capernaum with his followers,
and on the sabbath he entered the synagogue and taught.
The people were astonished at his teaching,
for he taught them as one having authority and not as the scribes.
In their synagogue was a man with an unclean spirit;
he cried out, "What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth?
Have you come to destroy us?
I know who you are–the Holy One of God!"
Jesus rebuked him and said, "Quiet! Come out of him!"
The unclean spirit convulsed him and with a loud cry came out of him.
All were amazed and asked one another,
"What is this?
A new teaching with authority.
He commands even the unclean spirits and they obey him."
His fame spread everywhere throughout the whole region of Galilee.

Saint January 9 : St. Adrian of Canterbury : #Abbot

An African by birth, Adrian became a monk and an abbot in Italy, and finally supervised a flourishing school in Canterbury.
An African by birth, then a monk and an abbot in Italy, and finally chosen to accompany the Greek monk Theodore of Tarsus to become archbishop of Canterbury, Adrian supervised a flourishing school in that cathedral town. Patrick Duffy tells his story.
An unusual appointmentAdrian was born in Africa and became a monk and eventually abbot of Nerida, not far from Naples. In the early years of the See of Canterbury after St Augustine, the archbishops were chosen from the companions who had come with him from Rome. Two Englishmen then succeeded, but as both fell victim to the plague in 664 and 665, the pope of the time, Vitalian (657-672) wanted to appoint Adrian. He refused but suggested the nomination of a Greek monk Theodore of Tarsus. Vitalian accepted this suggestion, provided Adrian accompany Theodore as his adviser and helper. Which he did.
 A golden age for the Church in England
On arrival in Canterbury Theodore appointed Adrian abbot of the monastery of Saints Peter and Paul (later St Augustine’s). An excellent administrator as well as a Greek and Latin scholar, Adrian insured that the monastery grew into a centre of theological learning drawing students from all over England and even Ireland. Adrian helped his archbishop in the pastoral governance of the English Church. Bede says of this time: “Never had there been such happy times as these since the English settled in Britain.”
Death and influenceAdrian worked at Canterbury for nearly forty years, far outliving Theodore. He was buried in the church of the monastery. His body was still incorrupt when renovations made the translation of Canterbury saints necessary. Many of the miracles for which his tomb became famous were in favour of boys who studied in the monastery and were in trouble with their masters.
Shared from Catholic Ireland Net