Saturday, January 25, 2020
Feast DayJanuary 26
96 at Goryna, Crete
ST. TITUS was born a Gentile, and seems to have been converted by St. Paul, who calls him his son in Christ. His extraordinary virtue and merit gained him the particular esteem and affection of this apostle; for we find him employed as his secretary and interpreter; and he styles him his brother, and co-partner in his labours; commends exceedingly his solicitude and zeal for the salvation of his brethren. 1 and in the tenderest manner expresses the comfort and support he found in him, 2 in so much, that, on a certain occasion, he declared that he found no rest in his spirit, because at Troas he had not met Titus. 3 In the year 51, he accompanied him to the council that was held at Jerusalem, on the subject of the Mosaic rites. Though the apostle had consented to the circumcision of Timothy, in order to render his ministry acceptable among the Jews, he would not allow the same in Titus, apprehensive of giving thereby a sanction to the error of certain false brethren, who contended, that the ceremonial institutes of the Mosaic law were not abolished by the law of grace. Towards the close of the year 56, St. Paul sent Titus from Ephesus to Corinth, with full commission to remedy the several subjects of scandal, as also to allay the dissensions in that church. He was there received with great testimonies of respect and was perfectly satisfied with regard to the penance and submission of the offenders; but could not be prevailed upon to accept from them any present, not even so much as his own maintenance. His love for that church was very considerable, and at their request he interceded with St. Paul for the pardon of the incestuous man. He was sent the same year by the apostle a second time to Corinth, to prepare the alms that church designed for the poor Christians at Jerusalem. All these particulars we learn from St. Paul’s two epistles to the Corinthians.
St. Paul, after his first imprisonment, returning from Rome into the east, made some stay in the island of Crete, to preach there the faith of Jesus Christ; but the necessities of other churches requiring his presence elsewhere, he ordained his beloved disciple Titus bishop of that island, and left him to finish the work he had successfully begun. “We may form a judgment,” says St. Chrysostom, 4 “from the importance of the charge, how great the esteem of St. Paul was for his disciple.” But finding the loss of such a companion too material, at his return into Europe the year after, the apostle ordered him to meet him at Nicopolis in Epirus, where he intended to pass the winter, and to set out for that place as soon as either Tychichus, or Arthemas, whom he had sent to supply his place during his absence, should arrive in Crete. St. Paul sent these instructions to Titus, in the canonical epistle addressed to him, when on his journey to Nicopolis, in autumn, in the year 64. He ordered him to establish priests, 5 that is, bishops, as St. Jerom, St. Chrysostom, and Theodoret expound it, in all the cities of the island. He sums up the principal qualities necessary for a bishop, and gives him particular advice touching his own conduct to his flock, exhorting him to hold to strictness of discipline, but seasoned with lenity. This epistle contains the rule of episcopal life, and as such, we may regard it as faithfully copied in the life of this disciple. In the year 65, we find him sent by St. Paul to preach in Dalmatia. 6 He again returned to Crete, and settled the faith in that, and the adjacent little island. All that can be affirmed further of him is, that he finished a laborious and holy life by a happy death in Crete, in a very advanced old age, some affirm in the ninety-fourth year of his age. The body of St. Titus was kept with great veneration in the cathedral of Gortyna, the ruins of which city, the ancient metropolis of the island, situated six miles from Mount Ida, are still very remarkable. This city being destroyed by the Saracens in 823, these relics could never since be discovered: only the head of our saint was conveyed safe to Venice, and is venerated in the Ducal basilic of St. Mark. (See Creta Sacra, Auctore Flaminio Cornelio, Senatore Veneto. Venetiis, anno 1755, de S. Tito, T. 1. p. 189. 195.) St. Titus has been looked upon in Crete as the first archbishop of Gortyna, which metropolitical see is fixed at Candia, since this new metropolis was built by the Saracens. The cathedral of the city of Candia, which now gives its name to the whole island, bears his name. The Turks leave this church in the hands of the Christians. The city of Candia was built in the ninth century, seventeen miles from the ancient Gortyn or Gortyna. Under the metropolitan of Candia, there are at present in this island eleven suffragan bishops of the Greek communion.
= When St. Paul assumed Titus to the ministry, this disciple was already a saint, and the apostle found in him all the conditions which he charged him so severely to require in those whom he should honour with the pastoral charge. It is an illusion of false zeal, and a temptation of the enemy, for young novices to begin to teach before they have learned themselves how to practise. Young birds, which leave their nests before they are able to fly, are sure to perish. Trees which push forth their buds before the season, yield no fruit, the flowers being either nipped by the frost, or destroyed by the sun. So those who give themselves up to the exterior employments of the ministry, before they are thoroughly grounded in the spirit of the gospel, drain their tender interior virtue, and produce only unclean or tainted fruit. All who undertake the pastoral charge, besides a thorough acquaintance with the divine law, and the maxims and spirit of the gospel, and experience, discretion, and a knowledge of the heart of man, or his passions, must have seriously endeavoured to die to themselves by the habitual practice of self-denial, and a rooted humility; and must have been so well exercised in holy contemplation as to retain that habitual disposition of soul amidst exterior employments, and in them to be able still to say, I sleep, and my heart watches; 7 that is, I sleep to all earthly things, and am awake only to my heavenly friend and spouse, being absorbed in the thoughts and desires of the most ardent love.
Shared from LIves of the Saints by Butler
Saint January 26 : St. Timothy : 1st Bishop of Ephesus and the Patron of Stomach and Intestinal Disorders
intestinal disorders, stomach diseases
A native of Lystra, he was the son of a Jewish woman named Eunice and a Greek Gentile. Converted to the faith by St. Paul, Timothy willingly received circumcision in order to assuage the Jews to whom he and Paul would be preaching, especially as it was known that his father was a Gentile. Paul found Timothy a very valuable assistant and companion, using him on several missions, such as those to the Corinthians (1 Cor 4:17) and the Thessalonians (1 Thes 3:2-3). According to tradition, he was the first bishop of Ephesus, the basis for this being his journey to the city at the command of Paul to act as his representative (1 Tm 1:3). He is mentioned with St. Paul in the salutations of seven epistles in the New Testament and was teh addressee of two of three pastoral letters - 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus. His martyrdom on January 22, 97 by a mob of angry pagans came about through his opposition to the celebration of the feast of Diana; it was recorded in the fourth-century Acta S. Timothei.
(Taken from Our Sunday Visitor's Encyclopedia of Saints)
(Taken from Our Sunday Visitor's Encyclopedia of Saints)
Prayer for Stomach Disorders to St. Timothy
Dear Saint, well known for your gentleness, you were a most faithful disciple of St. Paul and like him traveled much to bring the Good News to all people. The Letters Paul wrote to you reveal your zeal and inspire us with confidence in you. You too were cast into prison and you too gave your life for Christ. So with confidence we dare to ask: please obtain relief for (Name) if it be God's will. Amen.
Prayer source: Catholic Info
Pope Francis says "...at the table of a Christian house there is always a plate...for the passing friend or the needy.." at Vespers for Christian Unity
SOLEMNITY OF THE CONVERSION OF SAINT PAUL THE APOSTLE
CELEBRATION OF THE SECOND VESPERS
53rd WEEK OF PRAYER FOR CHRISTIAN UNITY
HOMILY OF THE HOLY FATHER FRANCIS
Basilica of Saint Paul outside the Walss
Saturday, January 25, 2020
On board the ship that brings Paolo prisoner to Rome there are three different groups. The most powerful is made up of soldiers, subjected to the centurion. Then there are the sailors, on whom of course all sailors depend on the long journey. Finally, there are the weakest and most vulnerable: the prisoners.
When the ship runs aground near the coast of Malta, after having been at the mercy of the storm for several days, the soldiers plan to kill the prisoners to make sure no one escapes, but are stopped by the centurion, who wants to save Paul. In fact, despite being among the most vulnerable, Paul had offered something important to his traveling companions. While everyone was losing all hope of survival, the Apostle had brought an unexpected message of hope. An angel had reassured him by saying: "Do not be afraid, Paul: God wanted to keep all your fellow travelers" (Ac 27.24).
Paul's trust is well founded and in the end all the passengers are saved and, once they arrive in Malta, they experience the hospitality of the inhabitants of the island, their kindness and humanity. From this important detail the theme of the Week of Prayer which ends today has been taken.
Dear brothers and sisters, this narration of the Acts of the Apostles also speaks to our ecumenical journey, directed towards that unity which God ardently desires. In the first place, it tells us that those who are weak and vulnerable, those who have materially little to offer but who found their wealth in God can give precious messages for the good of all. Think of the Christian communities: even the smallest and least relevant ones in the eyes of the world, if they experience the Holy Spirit, if they live love for God and neighbor, have a message to offer to the entire Christian family. We think of the Christian communities marginalized and persecuted. As in the story of Paul's shipwreck, it is often the weakest who carry the most important message of salvation. Because God liked it this way: to save us not with the strength of the world, but with the weakness of the cross (cf. 1 Cor 1,20-25). As disciples of Jesus, we must therefore be careful not to be attracted by worldly logics, but rather to listen to the little ones and the poor, because God loves to send his messages through them, who most resemble his Son made man.
The account of the Acts reminds us of a second aspect: the priority of God is the salvation of all. As the angel says to Paul: "God wanted to keep you all your sailing companions". It is the point on which Paul insists. We too need to repeat it: it is our duty to implement the priority desire of God, who, as Paul himself writes, "wants all men to be saved" (1 Tim 2: 4).
It is an invitation not to dedicate ourselves exclusively to our communities, but to open ourselves to the good of all, to the universal gaze of God, who incarnated himself to embrace the whole human race, and who died and rose for the salvation of all. If, with his grace, we assimilate his vision, we can overcome our divisions. In Paul's shipwreck, each contributes to the salvation of all: the centurion makes important decisions, the sailors put their knowledge and skills to use, the Apostle encourages those who are hopeless. Even among Christians, each community has a gift to offer to others. The more we look beyond partisan interests and overcome the legacies of the past in the desire to advance towards the common landing, the more spontaneous we will be to recognize, welcome and share these gifts.
And we come to a third aspect, which was at the center of this week of prayer: hospitality. In the last chapter of the Acts of the Apostles, Saint Luke says about the inhabitants of Malta: "They treated us kindly", or "with rare humanity" (v. 2). The fire lit on the shore to warm the castaways is a beautiful symbol of the human warmth that unexpectedly surrounds them. Even the governor of the island proves welcoming and hospitable with Paolo, who reciprocates by healing his father and then many other sick people (cf. vv. 7-9). Finally, when the Apostle and those who were with him left for Italy, the Maltese generously supplied them with supplies (v. 10).
From this week of prayer we would like to learn to be more hospitable, first of all among us Christians, even among brothers of different confessions. Hospitality belongs to the tradition of Christian communities and families. Our elders have taught us by example that at the table of a Christian house there is always a plate of soup for the passing friend or the needy who knocks.
And in monasteries the guest is treated with great respect, as if he were Christ. Let's not lose, on the contrary, let's revive these customs that know about the Gospel!
Dear brothers and sisters, with these sentiments I address my cordial and fraternal greetings to His Eminence Metropolitan Gennadios, representative of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, to His Grace Ian Ernest, personal representative in Rome of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and to all the representatives of the various Churches and ecclesial communities gathered here. I also greet the students of the Ecumenical Institute of Bossey, visiting Rome to deepen their knowledge of the Catholic Church, and the Eastern Orthodox and Orthodox youth who study here with a scholarship from the Cultural Collaboration Committee with the Orthodox Churches, operating at the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity, which I greet and thank. Together, without ever getting tired, we continue to pray to invoke the gift of full unity among us from God.
Pope Francis meets US Vice-President Mike Pence who said he was now a Hero to his Catholic Mother for meeting the Pope at Vatican
Pope Francis on Friday met with Mike Pence, Vice President of the United States, in the Vatican. Mike Pence was baptized a Catholic and told the pope by meeting him, he has become a hero, a comment likely referring to his devout Catholic mother. Mike Pence came with his wife Karen and Daughter-in-law Sarah Pence. (See Video Below)
During their meeting, the Pope handed Vice President Pence a copy of his World Peace Day Message. In his Message, Pope Francis invites us to help build peace, promoting a more just, supportive and fraternal world, because even today the scars of war "affect especially the poor and the vulnerable".
After having met the Pope, Vice President Mike Pence met with the Vatican's Secretary of State, Cardinal pietro Parolin, and with Archbishop Paul Richard Gallagher, the Vatican's Secretary for Relations with States.
Blessed Apostle Paul, who labored so zealously for the conversion of the Gentiles in many lands, obtain for us a perpetual zeal for the salvation of souls and especially enkindle our interest in the conversion of our separated brethern. Ever mindful of the interest that our Divine Lord, the Good Shepherd, has for the other sheep not of His fold, I now beg your intercession and obtain for me the gift of the true faith for ............. (Pause here and name relatives and friends)
May God grant this request so close to my heart and thus enable me to extend to another what I so richly enjoy, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen Father in Heaven through the mystical wounds of Your Son Jesus have mercy on the souls who visit my web pages. Whoever visits this site is automatically prayed for night and day as long as I live God knows who you are and He will apply your petitions. My motto is I will not let the devil have my family, or any family. My soul or any soul, if I can prevent it, through prayer, sacrifice and pain and despair. I will fight the devil tooth and nail, till I take my last breath and then fight him from heaven for souls here on earth
Say for 9 days: say 1 Our Father, 1 Hail Mary and 1 Glory be each day in addition to above prayers.
Pope Francis meets with President of Iraq, Barham Salih, at Vatican and Discuss preserving the historical presence of Christians
Today, 25 January, the Holy Father Francis received in audience His Excellency Mr. Barham Salih, President of the Republic of Iraq, who subsequently met with His Eminence Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Parolin, accompanied by His Excellency Archbishop Paul Richard Gallagher, Secretary for Relations with States.
During the cordial discussions, the good bilateral relations were evoked, and the parties focused on the challenges the country currently faces and on the importance of promoting stability and the reconstruction process, encouraging the path of dialogue and the search for suitable solutions in favour of citizens and with respect for national sovereignty.
Attention then turned to the importance of preserving the historical presence of Christians in the country, of which they are an integral part, and the significant contribution they bring to the reconstruction of the social fabric, highlighting the need to guarantee their security and a place in the future of Iraq.
Finally, the parties discussed the various conflicts and grave humanitarian crises that afflict the region, underlining the importance of the efforts made with the support of the international community to re-establish trust and peaceful co-existence.
[00117-EN.01] [Original text: Italian - working translation]