Solemnity celebrated on the first of November. It is instituted to honour all the saints, known and unknown, and, according to Urban IV, to supply any deficiencies in the faithful's celebration of saints' feasts during the year. In the early days the Christians were accustomed to solemnize the anniversary of a martyr's death for Christ at the place of martyrdom. In the fourth century, neighbouring dioceses began to interchange feasts, to transfer relics, to divide them, and to join in a common feast; as is shown by the invitation of St. Basil of Caesarea (379) to the bishops of the province of Pontus. Frequently groups of martyrs suffered on the same day, which naturally led to a joint commemoration. In the persecution of Diocletian the number of martyrs became so great that a separate day could not be assigned to each. But the Church, feeling that every martyr should be venerated, appointed a common day for all. The first trace of this we find in Antioch on the Sunday after Pentecost. We also find mention of a common day in a sermon of St. Ephrem the Syrian (373), and in the 74th homily of St. John Chrysostom (407). At first only martyrs and St. John the Baptist were honoured by a special day. Other saints were added gradually, and increased in number when a regular process of canonization was established; still, as early as 411 there is in the Chaldean Calendar a "Commemoratio Confessorum" for the Friday after Easter. In the West Boniface IV, 13 May, 609, or 610, consecrated the Pantheon in Rome to the Blessed Virgin and all the martyrs, ordering an anniversary. Gregory III (731-741) consecrated a chapel in the Basilica of St. Peter to all the saints and fixed the anniversary for 1 November. A basilica of the Apostles already existed in Rome, and its dedication was annually remembered on 1 May. Gregory IV (827-844) extended the celebration on 1 November to the entire Church. The vigil seems to have been held as early as the feast itself. The octave was added by Sixtus IV (1471-84). Catholic Encyclopedia
Thursday, October 31, 2019
Feast of Our Lady of Loreto is Officially added to the Roman Calendar by Pope Francis - Full Text Decree
Pope adds feast of Our Lady of Loreto to Roman Calendar
Pope Francis decrees that the feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Loreto shall be observed as an optional memorial on December 10, coinciding with the start of the Holy Year of the Lauretan Jubilee.
By Vatican News
The Solemn Proclamation of the Lauretan Jubilee "Maria Regina et Janua Coeli" took place during Mass at the Basilica of the Holy House on Thursday, in the Italian city of Loreto.
Msgr. Krzysztof Nykiel, Regent of the Apostolic Penitentiary, celebrated the Mass at 10 AM.
Afterwards, a decree of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments was proclaimed which inscribed the celebration of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Loreto into the General Roman Calendar.
The decree notes that the Shrine of the Holy House of Loreto, venerated by generations of pilgrims and honoured by numerous Popes, “recalls the mystery of the Incarnation, leading all those who visit it to consider ‘the fullness of time’, when God sent his Son, born of a woman, as well as to meditate both on the words of the Angel announcing the Good News and on the words of the Virgin in response to the divine call”.
The Congregation has also published the liturgical texts for the memorial.
Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments
Prot. N. 404/19
on the celebration of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Loreto
to be inscribed in the General Roman Calendar
Since the Middle Ages veneration for the Holy House of Loreto has been the origin of that particular shrine which still today is visited by many faithful pilgrims in order to nourish their faith in the Word of God made flesh for us.
This shrine recalls the mystery of the Incarnation, leading all those who visit it to consider “the fullness of time”, when God sent his Son, born of a woman, as well as to meditate both on the words of the Angel announcing the Good News and on the words of the Virgin in response to the divine call. Overshadowed by the Spirit, the humble handmaid of the Lord so became the dwelling-place of divinity, the purist image of the holy Church.
Closely bound to the Apostolic See this shrine, praised by Popes and known throughout the world, has, over the years and no less than Nazareth in the Holy Land, been able to illustrate powerfully the evangelical virtues of the Holy Family.
In the Holy House, before the image of the Mother of the Redeemer and of the Church, Saints and Blesseds have responded to their vocation, the sick have invoked consolation in suffering, the people of God have begun to praise and plead with Mary using the Litany of Loreto, which is known throughout the world. In a particular way all those who travel via aircraft have found in her their heavenly patron.
In light of this, Pope Francis has decreed, by his own authority, that the optional memorial of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Loreto should be inscribed in the Roman Calendar on 10 December, the day on which the feast falls in Loreto, and celebrated every year. This celebration will help all people, especially families, youth and religious to imitate the virtues of that perfect disciple of the Gospel, the Virgin Mother, who, in conceiving the Head of the Church also accepted us as her own.
Therefore the new memorial must appear in all Calendars and Liturgical Books for the celebration of Mass and the Liturgy of the Hours; the relative texts are attached to this decree and their translations, approved by the Episcopal Conferences, will be published after confirmation by this Dicastery.
Anything to the contrary nothwithstanding.
From the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, 7 October 2019, the memorial of the Blessed Virgin Mary of the Rosary.
Robert Cardinal Sarah
+ Arthur Roche
Prot. N. 404/19
Beatae Mariae Virginis de Loreto
in Calendario Romano Generali inscribenda
Lauretanæ Almæ Domus veneratio inde a Medio Ævo origo fuit illius peculiaris sanctuarii, quo temporibus etiam hodiernis peregrinantes christifideles multi frequentant ad propriam fidei vitam alendam in Dei Verbum pro nobis caro factum.
Sanctuarium vero illud mysterium Incarnationis revocat inducens omnes visitantes ad plenitudinem temporis considerandam, cum misit Deus Filium suum, factum ex muliere, necnon ad meditanda et verba Angeli Evangelium nuntiantis et verba Virginis divinæ vocationi respondentis. A Spiritu Sancto obumbrata, humilis ancilla Domini divinitatis domus effecta est, imago purissima sanctæ Ecclesiæ.
supradictum sanctuarium, intime Sedi Apostolicæ conexum, a Summis Pontificibus laudatum et in omnes gentes vulgatum, in decursu temporum præclare valuit, haud minus quam Nazareth in Terra Sancta, ad virtutes evangelicæ Sanctæ Familiæ collustrandas.
In illa Alma Domo, ante effigiem Redemptoris et Ecclesiæ Matris, nonnulli Sancti ac Beati propriae vocationi responsum dederunt, infirmi in angustiis consolationem invocaverunt, Dei populus Beatam Mariam laudare et supplicare incepit Litaniis illis lauretanis quæ per orbem terrarum diffusæ sunt. Itinerantes aereo navigio præsertim cælestem patronam in ea invenerunt.
His omnibus perpensis, auctoritate sua Summus Pontifex Franciscus decrevit ut memoriam ad libitum Beatæ Mariæ Virginis de Loreto in Calendarium Romanum inscribendam esse die 10 decembris, die etenim quo Laureti festum agitur, et quotannis celebrandam. hæc celebratio omnes, præcipue familias, iuvenes et religiosos, adiuvabit ad virtutes imitandas perfectae Evangelii discipulae, Virginis Matris quæ concipiens Caput Ecclesiæ etiam nos in sua accepit.
Nova igitur memoria cunctis Calendariis Librisque liturgicis pro Missæ et Liturgiæ Horarum celebratione erit inserenda; textus liturgici adhibendi hoc decreto adnexi, cura Cœtuum Episcoporum vertendi, approbandi et post huius Dicasterii confirmationem edendi sunt.
Contrariis quibuslibet minime obstantibus.
Ex ædibus Congregationis de Cultu Divino et Disciplina Sacramentorum, die 7 mensis Octobris 2019, in memoria Beatæ Mariæ Virginis a Rosario.
Robertus Card. Sarah
+ Arturus Roche
Archiepiscopus a Secretis
Full Text Release by VaticanNews.va - Image source: Google Images - Faith Jewellry
Pope Francis says "...combine in the concreteness of daily life the social and health service and the evangelizing action." Full Text
TO THE MEMBERS OF THE DON CARLO GNOCCHI FOUNDATION
Paul VI Hall
Thursday, 31 October 2019
Dear brothers and sisters!
I welcome you and thank your President, and your friend, for the words of greeting and presentation of this beautiful welfare and social reality which is the Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, which flowed from the mind and heart of this distinguished Ambrosian priest. In the homily of the Beatification, which took place in Milan ten years ago, Cardinal Tettamanzi pointed him to the Church as "a restless seeker of God and a courageous seeker of man, who consummated his life in the search for the face of Christ imprinted on the face of every man". How beautiful!
In fact, Blessed Don Carlo Gnocchi, apostle of charity, served in a heroic way Christ in children, young people, the poor and the suffering, from the beginning of his priestly ministry, as a passionate educator. Then, as a military chaplain, he experienced the cruelties of the Second World War, first on the Greek-Albanian front, then, with the Alpines of the "Tridentine" Division, in the dramatic Russian campaign. During the disastrous retreat from that front, he did all he could with indefatigable charity for the wounded and the dying, and developed the design of a work in favor of the orphans and the mutilated by the outbreak of war bombs. Once back in Italy, he implemented this wonderful project; his was not just a social enterprise, but moved by the charity of Christ. A work, a fruit of Christ's charity.
After so many years, you carry on your heritage and, as a precious talent, you are multiplying it with the same apostolic zeal and the same fidelity to the Gospel. I am grateful to each of you for this: directors and managers of the centers, doctors and operators, volunteers and friends. And you are here today, together with the patients, the guests and their families, to confirm your commitment to proximity to the sufferings of the most fragile people, with the style of the Good Samaritan and the example of your Blessed Founder. Do not tire of serving the last on the difficult frontier of sickness and disability: together with the most advanced therapies and techniques for the body, offer to those who trust in your structures the medicines of the soul, that is, consolation and tenderness of God.
Inspired by the care, the delicacy and the priestly sensitivity of Blessed Carlo Gnocchi, you are called to combine in the concreteness of daily life the social and health service and the evangelizing action. For you this means courageously fighting the causes of suffering and lovingly caring for the discomfort of suffering or struggling people. Times have changed with respect to the origins, but it is necessary to go on with the same spirit, with the attitude and style that Don Gnocchi described in this way: "Christians active, optimistic, serene, concrete and deeply human; who look at the world no longer as an enemy to be killed or run away, but as a prodigal son to be conquered and redeemed with love "(Education of the heart).
The meaning and value of the health profession and of every service rendered to the sick brother are fully manifested in the ability to combine competence and compassion, both together. Competence is the fruit of your preparation, of experience, of updating; and all this is supported by a strong motivation of service to the suffering neighbor, a motivation which in the Christian is animated by the charity of Christ. Competence is the quality that makes the testimony of the lay faithful in the various areas of society credible; competence also guarantees you when you go against the mainstream of the dominant culture: in your case, when you dedicate time and resources to a fragile life, even if someone may seem useless or even unworthy of being lived.
Competence and compassion. The suffering of the brothers asks to be shared, asks for attitudes and initiatives of compassion. It is a question of "suffering with", pitying like Jesus who for man's sake made himself a man in order to be able to share fully, in a very real way, in flesh and blood, as is shown in his Passion. A society that is not capable of welcoming, protecting and giving hope to the suffering, is a society that has lost the pity, that has lost the sense of humanity. The vast network of centers and services that you have created in Italy and in other countries is a good model because it seeks to combine assistance, acceptance and evangelical charity. In a social context that favors efficiency with respect to solidarity, your structures are houses of hope, whose purpose is the protection, enhancement and the true good of the sick, the disabled, the elderly.
Dear friends, I renew my appreciation for the service you render to those who are in difficulty. I encourage you to continue your journey in the commitment to human promotion, which is also an indispensable contribution to the Church's evangelizing mission. In fact the proclamation of the Gospel is more credible thanks to the concrete love with which the disciples of Jesus testify to the faith in Him.
The human and Christian witness of Blessed Don Carlo Gnocchi, characterized by love for the weakest, always guide your choices and your activities. May the Lord grant you to be messengers of his mercy and consolation, messengers of his tenderness everywhere. I accompany you with my prayer and I cordially impart to you the Blessing, which I willingly extend to those who are hosted in your centers. And please don't forget to pray for me. Thanks!
In one of his books he revealed the secret to being free from the Devil.
It is really not something one says but rather keeping oneself free from sin and striving to live a Holy life. He noted in particular that Regular Confession and reception of the Holy Eucharist are most important. The following prayers were recommended by Fr. Gabriele these prayers should be said together with the Our Father Prayer and the Prayer to St. Michael the Archangel.
Prayers of Deliverance
1. Prayer Against Malefice from the Greek Ritual
Kyrie eleison. God, our Lord, King of ages, All-powerful and All-mighty, You Who made everything and Who transform everything simply by Your will. You Who in Babylon changed into dew the flames of the ‘seven-times hotter’ furnace and protected and saved the three holy children. You are the doctor and the physician of our soul. You are the salvation of those who turn to You. We beseech You to make powerless, banish, and drive out every diabolic power, presence, and machination; every evil influence, malefice, or evil eye and all evil actions aimed against Your servant [name of person/s]. Where there is envy and malice, give us an abundance of goodness, endurance, victory, and charity. O Lord, You Who love man, we beg You to reach out Your powerful hands and Your most high and mighty arms and send the angel of peace over us, to protect us, body and soul. May he keep at bay and vanquish every evil power, every poison or malice invoked against us by corrupt and envious people. Then, under the protection of Your authority may we sing, in gratitude, ‘The Lord is my salvation; whom should I fear? I will not fear evil because You are with me, my God, my strength, my powerful Lord, Lord of peace, Father of all ages.” Yes, Lord our God, be merciful to us, Your image, and save your servant [name of person/s] from every threat or harm from the evil one, and protect him/her by raising him/her above all evil. We ask You this through the intercession of our Most Blessed, glorious Lady, Mary ever Virgin, Mother of God, of the most splendid archangels and all Your saints. Amen!
2. Anima Christi Soul of Christ, sanctify me; Body of Christ, save me; Blood of Christ, inebriate me; Water from the side of Christ, wash me; Passion of Christ, strengthen me; O good Jesus, hear me; within Thy wounds, hide me; let me never be separated from Thee; from the evil one, deliver me; at the hour of my death, call me and bid me come to Thee, that with Thy saints, I may praise Thee forever and ever. Amen.
3. Prayer Against Every Evil Spirit of our God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, Most Holy Trinity, Immaculate Virgin Mary, angels, archangels, and saints of heaven, descend upon me. Please purify me, Lord, mold me, fill me with yourself, use me. Banish all the forces of evil from me, destroy them, vanish them, so that I can be healthy and do good deeds. Banish from me all spells, witchcraft, black magic, malefice, ties, maledictions, and the evil eye; diabolic infestations, oppressions, possessions; all that is evil and sinful, jealously, perfidy, envy; physical, psychological, moral, spiritual, diabolical aliments. Burn all these evils in hell, that they may never again touch me or any other creature in the entire world. I command and bid all the power who molest me – by the power of God all powerful, in the name of Jesus Christ our Savior, through the intercession of the Immaculate Virgin Mary – to leave me forever, and to be consigned into the everlasting hell, where they will be bound by Saint Michael the archangel, Saint Gabriel, Saint Raphael, our guardian angels, and where they will be crushed under the heel of the Immaculate Virgin Mary. Amen.
4. Prayer for Inner Healing Lord Jesus, You came to heal our wounded and troubled hearts. I beg You to heal the torments that cause anxiety in my heart; I beg You, in a particular way, to heal all who are the cause of sin. I beg You to come into my life and heal me of the psychological harms that struck me in my early years and from the injuries that they caused through my life. Lord Jesus, You know my burdens. I lay them all on Your Good Shepherd’s Heart. I beseech You – by the merits of the great, open wound in Your heart-to heal the small wounds that are in mine. Heal the pain of my memories, so that nothing that has happened to me will cause me to remain in pain and anguish, filled with anxiety. Heal, O Lord, all those wounds that have been the cause of all the evil that is rooted in my life. I want to forgive all those who have offended me. Look to those inner sores that make me unable to forgive. You Who came to forgive the afflicted of heart, please, heal my own heart. Heal, my Lord Jesus, those intimate wounds that cause me physical illness. I offer You my heart. Accept it, Lord, purify it and give me the sentiments of Your Divine Heart. Help me to be meek and humble. Heal me, O Lord, from the pain caused by the death of my loved ones, which is oppressing me. Grant me to regain peace and joy in the knowledge that You are the Resurrection and the Life. Make me an authentic witness to Your Resurrection, Your victory over sin and death, Your living presence among us. Amen.
5. Prayer for Deliverance My Lord, you are all powerful, you are God, you are Father. We beg you through the intercession and help of the archangels Michael, Raphael and Gabriel, for the deliverance of our brothers and sisters who are enslaved by the evil one. All saints of Heaven, come to our aid. From anxiety, sadness and obsessions, we beg You. Free us, O Lord. From hatred, fornication, envy, we beg You, Free us, O Lord. From thoughts of jealousy, rage, and death, we beg You, Free us, O Lord. From every thought of suicide and abortion, we beg You, Free us, O Lord. From every form of sinful sexuality, we beg You, Free us, O Lord. From every division in our family, and every harmful friendship, we beg You, Free us, O Lord. From every sort of spell, malefic, witchcraft, and every form of the occult, we beg You, Free us, O Lord. Lord, You Who said, “I leave you peace, My peace I give you,” grant that, through the intercession of the Virgin Mary, we may be liberated from every evil spell and enjoy your peace always. In the name of Christ, our Lord. Amen.
Happy Halloween! Dress Like a Saint and SHARE - 5 Things about this Christian Feast of All Saints.... #Halloween
- 1. HALLOWEEN comes from the Old English "All Hallows Eve" or night before All Saints Day.
- 2. This is a Christian celebration of all the Saints who have died and gone to heaven.
- 3. The first account showing a celebration of this feast comes from St Ephrem the Syrian (d. AD 373). The dates of this feast varied.
- 4. In many areas Christians dress up as Saints and Angels and learn of their stories of Faith.
- 5. This feast has become paganized and now many dress in other costumes without realizing the origins of this feast.
- This Halloween consider dressing up in honor of a Saint or Angel from heaven who's life was a witness to the unending love of God for you.
- (Smaller Image SOURCE; SHOWER OF ROSES BLOG - Larger Image from the Philippines CBCP)
- Please SHARE this Article with Friends via Social Networks or Email!
- (Image - Google)
Pope Francis explains "...those in military service “custodians of the security and freedom of their people” to Military Chaplains - FULL TEXT
ADDRESS OF HIS HOLINESS POPE FRANCIS
TO THE FIFTH INTERNATIONAL COURSE OF FORMATION
OF CATHOLIC MILITARY CHAPLAINS
ON INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
TO THE FIFTH INTERNATIONAL COURSE OF FORMATION
OF CATHOLIC MILITARY CHAPLAINS
ON INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
Thursday, 31 October 2019
Thursday, 31 October 2019
I offer you a warm welcome on the occasion of the Fifth International Course of Formation of Catholic Military Chaplains on International Humanitarian Law, dedicated to the theme “The Loss of Personal Freedom in the Context of Armed Conflicts: The Mission of the Military Chaplain”. I thank Cardinal Peter Turkson for his kind words offered in your name.
Four years ago, when I received the participants in the previous session of this course, I highlighted the need to reject the temptation of viewing the other as merely an enemy to be destroyed, and not as a person endowed with intrinsic dignity, created by God in his image. I also urged everyone never to tire of remembering that even amid the devastations of war and conflict every person is immensely holy.
This encouragement, which I would renew today, becomes all the more significant in the case of persons deprived of personal freedom due to armed conflicts, since in addition to their vulnerability as prisoners, they are also in the hands of their adversaries. Often, persons detained in the context of armed conflicts are victims of violations of their fundamental rights. These violations include abuse, violence and various forms of torture and cruel treatment that are inhuman and degrading.
How many civilians, too, have been kidnapped, forcibly disappeared and killed! Among these, we can count numerous men and women religious of whom we hear nothing more, or who have given their lives for their consecration to God and their service to others, without favouritism or nationalistic bias.
I assure all these persons and their families of my prayers, that they may always have the courage to move forward and not lose hope.
International humanitarian law contains a number of provisions aimed at the protection of the dignity of detainees; this is especially the case in regard to the law governing international armed conflicts. The ethical foundation and crucial importance of these norms for safeguarding human dignity in the tragic context of armed conflicts means that they must be properly and rigorously respected and enforced. This also applies to encounters with detainees, independently of the nature and gravity of the crimes they may have committed. Respect for the dignity and physical integrity of the human person, in fact, cannot depend upon the actions they have done, but is a moral duty to which every person and every authority is called.
Dear Ordinaries and military chaplains: as you carry out your mission to form the consciences of the members of the armed forces, I encourage you to spare no effort to enable the norms of international humanitarian law to be accepted in the hearts of those entrusted to your pastoral care. Let yourselves be guided by the words of the Gospel: “I was in prison and you came to me” (Mt 25:36).
This means assisting the particular portion of the People of God entrusted to your care to identify those elements of the common patrimony of humanity, based on the natural law, that can become a bridge and a platform of encounter with everyone. The servants of Christ in the military world are also the first to be at the service of men and women and of their fundamental rights. I think of those among you who are close to military personnel in situations of international conflict; you are called to open their consciences to that universal love which brings one person closer to another, no matter what the other’s race, nationality, culture or religion may be.
But even before this, something else is required: an educational effort alongside that of families and Christian communities. This involves instilling the values of friendship, understanding, tolerance, goodness, and respect for all persons. It means forming young people who are sensitive to other cultures and their richness and committed to a global citizenship, in order to promote the growth of the one great human family. The Second Vatican Council calls those in military service “custodians of the security and freedom of their people” (Gaudium et Spes, 79). You are in their midst so that those words, which war contradicts and nullifies, can become a reality, so that they can give meaning to the lives of so many, both young and not so young, who, as military personnel, do not want to be robbed of human and Christian values.
Dear brothers and sisters, on 12 August 1949, the Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War was signed. On this, its seventieth anniversary, I want to reaffirm the importance the Holy See gives to international humanitarian law and to express the hope that its norms will be respected in every circumstance. The latter should be further clarified and reinforced where appropriate, especially with regard to non-international armed conflicts, and in particular with regard to the protection of persons deprived of freedom because of these conflicts.
I assure you that the Holy See will continue to make its contribution in discussions and negotiations within the family of nations. I entrust you to the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of Mercy, and I impart my heartfelt blessing to you and your loved ones. And I ask you please to pray for me. Thank you!
 Cf. Address to the Participants of the Fourth International Course of Formation of Catholic Military Chaplains on International Humanitarian Law, 26 October 2015.
Full Text + Image Source: Vatican.va
Full Text + Image Source: Vatican.va
A "blazing inferno": 65 dead in Pakistan train fire
The passengers' bodies are unrecognizable. The fire broke out due to the explosion of some gas cylinders used by commuters to cook breakfast. The train is of the "Tezgam" line, one of the most obsolete in the country.
Islamabad (AsiaNews / Agencies) - At least 65 people died and 40 others were injured in a fire that broke out this morning on a train from Rawalpindi. Departing from Karachi, in southern Pakistan, the convoy caught fire near the town of Liaquatpur, district of Rahim Yar Khan, due to the explosion of some gas cylinders that passengers were using to cook breakfast.
For now, none of the victims has been identified, due to the flames that made the bodies unrecognizable. Among them, there are also several women and children. Sheikh Rashid, Minister of Railways, reports that several people were saved by jumping off the train as the flames transformed the cars into a death trap.
According to the authorities, the train that caught fire was the daily service "Tezgam", one of the oldest in the country and dating back to the 1950s. The cause was the presence of gas cylinders used for cooking during long journeys. In theory they are forbidden, but in practice passengers avoid controls. Nabila Aslam, a railway official, says that "they hide them under their clothes as they board the train, because they know that on transport they are strictly prohibited".
On Twitter, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan said he was "deeply saddened by the terrible tragedy of the Tezgam train. My condolences go to the victims' families and prayers for the speedy recovery of the injured. I have ordered an immediate inquiry to be completed on an urgent basis".
Full Text Source: AsiaNewsIT
State Wide Emergency Declared in California due to Wildfires - with Thousands displaced - US Bishops release Statement
USCCB Chairman of Committee on Domestic Justice and Human Development
Issues Statement of Concern Regarding the Fires in California
October 30, 2019
WASHINGTON- Bishop Frank J. Dewane of Venice, Chairman of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ Committee on Domestic Justice and Human Development, issued the following statement regarding the wildfires in California:
“I join in the heartfelt prayers offered by the bishops in the state of California in response to the terrible wildfires that have affected approximately thirty counties in that state. The faithful of our nation are urged to support, through their petitions and concern, the efforts at extinguishment and recovery taking place throughout California in response to these fires. It is in solidarity with our brother bishops in California, who have voiced their desire for prompt relief, that I encourage all appropriate public parties and the faithful to be generous in their financial support of these recovery efforts. Let us all pray for the safety of those affected and their property.”
Wednesday, October 30, 2019
924 in Swabia
31 October 994 at Pupping, Linz (modern Austria)
1052 by Pope Leo IX
apoplexy; carpenters and wood carvers; paralysis; stomach diseases; strokes
Bishop of Ratisbon (972-994), born about 934; died at the village of Pupping in upper Austria, 31 October, 994. The name Wolfgang is of early German origin. St. Wolfgang was one of the three brilliant stars of the tenth century, St. Ulrich, St. Conrad, and St. Wolfgang, which illuminated the early medieval period of Germany with the undying splendour of their acts and services. St. Wolfgang sprang from a family of Swabian counts of Pfullingen (Mon. Germ. His.: Script., X, 53). When seven years old he had an ecclesiastic as tutor at home; later he attended the celebrated monastic school on the Reichenau. Here he formed a strong friendship with Henry, brother of Bishop Poppo of Würzburg, whom he followed to Würzburg in order to attend at the cathedral school there the lectures of the noted Italian grammarian, Stephen of Novara. After Henry was made Archbishop of Trier in 956, he called his friend to Trier, where Wolfgang became a teacher in the cathedral school, and also laboured for the reform of the archdiocese, notwithstanding the enmity with which his efforts were met. Wolfgang's residence at Trier greatly influenced his monastic and ascetic tendencies, as here he came into connection with the great reformatory monastery of the tenth century, St. Maximin of Trier, where he made the acquaintance of Ramwold, the teacher of St. Adalbert of Prague. After the death (964) of Archbishop Henry of Trier, Wolfgang entered the Order of St. Benedict in the Abbey of Maria Einsiedeln, Switzerland, and was ordained priest by St. Ulrich in 968. After their defeat in the battle of the Lechfeld (955), a victory gained with the aid of St. Ulrich, the heathen Magyars settled in ancient Pannonia. As long as they were not converted to Christianity they remained a constant menace to the empire. At the request of St. Ulrich, who clearly saw the danger, and at the desire of the Emperor Otto the Great, St. Wolfgang, according to the abbey annals, was "sent to Magyars" as the most suitable man to evangelize them. He was followed by other missionaries sent by Bishop Piligrim of Nassau, under whose jurisdiction the new missionary region came. After the death of Bishop Michael of Ratisbon (23 September, 972) Bishop Piligrim obtained from the emperor the appointment of Wolfgang as Bishop of Ratisbon (Christmas, 972). Wolfgang's services in this new position were of the highest importance, not only for the diocese, but also for the cause of civilization. As Bishop of Ratisbon, Wolfgang became the tutor of Emperor St. Henry II, who learned from him the principles which governed his saintly and energetic life. Poppe, son of Margrave Luitpold, Archbishop of Trier (1016), and Tagino, Archbishop of Magdeburg (1004-1012), also had him as their teacher. St. Wolfgang deserves credit for his disciplinary labours in his diocese. His main work in this respect was connected with the ancient and celebrated Abbey of St. Emmeram which he reformed by granting it once more abbots of its own, thus withdrawing it from the control of the bishops of Ratisbon, who for many years had been abbots in commendam, a condition of affairs that had been far from beneficial to the abbey and monastic life. In the Benedictine monk Ramwold, whom St. Wolfgang called from St. Maximin at Trier, St. Emmeram received a capable abbot (975). The saint also reformed the convents of Obermunster and Niedermunster at Ratisbon, chiefly by giving them as an example the convent of St. Paul, Mittelmunster, at Ratisbon, which he had founded in 983. He also co-operated in the reform of the ancient and celebrated Benedictine Abbey of Altach (Nieder-altach), which had been founded by the Agilolf dynasty, and which from that time took on new life. He showed genuine episcopal generosity in the liberal manner with which he met the views of the Emperor Otto II regarding the intended reduction in size of his diocese for the benefit of the new Diocese of Prague (975), to which St. Adalbert was appointed first bishop. As prince of the empire he performed his duties towards the emperor and the empire with the utmost scrupulousness and, like St. Ulrich, was one of the mainstays of the Ottonian policies. He took part in the various imperial Diets, and, in the autumn of 978, accompanied the Emperor Otto II on his campaign to Paris, and took part in the great Diet of Verona in June, 983.
St. Wolfgang withdrew as a hermit to a solitary spot, now the Lake of St. Wolfgang, apparently on account of a political dispute, but probably in the course of a journey of inspection to the monastery of Mendsee which was under the direction of the bishops of Ratisbon. He was discovered by a hunter and brought back to Ratisbon. While travelling on the Danube to Pöchlarn in Lower Austria, he fell ill at the village of Pupping, which is between Efferding and the market town of Aschach near Linz, and at his request was carried into the chapel of St. Othmar at Pupping, where he died. His body was taken up the Danube by his friends Count Aribo of Andechs and Archbishop Hartwich of Salzburg to Ratisbon, and was solemnly buried in the crypt of St. Emmeram. Many miracles were performed at his grave; in 1052 he was canonized. Soon after his death many churches chose him as their patron saint, and various towns were named after him. In Christian art he has been especially honoured by the great medieval Tyrolese painter, Michael Pacher (1430-1498), who created an imperishable memorial of him, the high altar of St. Wolfgang. In the panel pictures which are now exhibited in the Old Pinakothek at Munich are depicted in an artistic manner the chief events in the saint's life. The oldest portrait of St. Wolfgang is a miniature, painted about the year 1100 in the celebrated Evangeliary of St. Emmeram, now in the library of the castle cathedral at Cracow. A fine modern picture by Schwind is in the Schak Gallery at Munich. This painting represents the legend of Wolfgang forcing the devil to help him to build a church. In other paintings he is generally depicted in episcopal dress, an axe in the right hand and the crozier in the left, or as a hermit in the wilderness being discovered by a hunter. The axe refers to an event in the life of the saint. After having selected a solitary spot in the wilderness, he prayed and then threw his axe into the thicket; the spot on which the axe fell he regarded as the place where God intended he should build his cell. This axe is still shown in the little market town of St. Wolfgang which sprang up on the spot of the old cell. At the request of the Abbey of St. Emmeram, the life of St. Wolfgang was written by Othlo, a Benedictine monk of St. Emmeram about 1050. This life is especially important for the early medieval history both of the Church and of civilization in Bavaria and Austria, and it forms the basis of all later accounts of the saint. The oldest and best manuscript of this "Life" is in the library of the Abbey of Maria Einsiedeln in Switzerland (manuscript No. 322), and has been printed with critical notes in "Mon. Germ. His.: Script.", IV, 524-542. It has also been printed in, "Acta SS.", II November, (Brussels, 1894), 529-537; "Acta SS. O. S. Ben.", V, 812-833; and in P.L., CXLVI, 395-422.
Pope Francis says "...the light of Christ shines and defeats darkness: the chains of the heart fall and a joy...Thus the Holy Spirit is doing the mission" Full Text
St. Peter's Square
Wednesday, October 30, 2019
Catechesis on the Acts of the Apostles - 14. "Come to Macedonia and help us" (Acts 16: 9). The Christian faith arrives in Europe
Dear brothers and sisters, good morning!
Reading the Acts of the Apostles we see how the Holy Spirit is the protagonist of the Church's mission: it is he who guides the path of the evangelizers showing them the way to follow.
We see this clearly when the apostle Paul, having reached Troas, receives a vision. A Macedonian begs him: "Come to Macedonia and help us" (Acts 16: 9). The people of Northern Macedonia are proud of this, they are so proud to have called Paul to be Paul to announce Jesus Christ. I remember so much that beautiful people who welcomed me with such warmth: let them keep this faith that Paul preached to them! The Apostle did not hesitate and left for Macedonia, certain that it was God himself who sent him, and he arrived at Philippi, "Roman colony" (Acts 16:12) on the Egnatia way, to preach the Gospel. Paolo stops there for several days. There are three events that characterize his stay in Filippi, during these three days: three important events. 1) Evangelization and the baptism of Lidia and her family; 2) the arrest he suffers, together with Sila, after having exorcised a slave woman exploited by her masters; 3) the conversion and baptism of his jailer and his family. We see these three episodes in the life of Paul.
The power of the Gospel is addressed, first of all, to the women of Philippi, in particular to Lydia, a merchant of purple, of the city of Thyatira, a believer in God to whom the Lord opens his heart "to adhere to the words of Paul" (Acts 16 , 14). Lidia, in fact, welcomes Christ, receives baptism together with her family and welcomes those who are of Christ, hosting Paul and Silas in her home. Here we have the testimony of the landing of Christianity in Europe: the beginning of a process of inculturation that lasts even today. He entered from Macedonia.
After the heat experienced at Lidia's home, Paolo and Sila then find themselves dealing with the harshness of the prison: they pass from the consolation of this conversion of Lidia and her family, to the desolation of the prison, where they are thrown for having freed in the name of Jesus "a slave who had a spirit of divination" and "brought much gain to her masters" with the trade of guess (Acts 16:16). His masters earned so much and this poor slave did this that they make the fortune-tellers: she guessed the future, she read your hands - as the song says, "take this hand, gypsy", and for this the people paid. Even today, dear brothers and sisters, there are people who pay for it. I remember in my diocese, in a very large park, there were more than 60 tables where there were soothsayers and soothsayers, who read your hand and people believed these things! And he paid. And this also happened at the time of Saint Paul. His masters, in retaliation, denounce Paul and lead the Apostles to magistrates on charges of public disorder.
What's happening? Paolo is in prison and during his imprisonment, however, a surprising event occurs. It is in desolation, but instead of complaining, Paolo and Sila sing a praise to God and this praise releases a power that frees them: during the prayer an earthquake shakes the foundations of the prison, the doors open and everyone's chains fall ( see Acts 16,25-26). Like the prayer of Pentecost, even that done in prison causes prodigious effects.
The jailer, believing that the prisoners had fled, was about to commit suicide, because the jailors paid with their lives if they fled a prisoner; but Paul shouts to him: "We are all here!" (Acts 16:27-28). Then he asks: "What must I do to be saved?" (V. 30). The answer is: "Believe in the Lord Jesus and you and your family will be saved" (v. 31). At this point the change takes place: in the middle of the night, the jailer listens to the word of the Lord with his family, welcomes the apostles, washes his wounds - because they had been beaten - and together with his parents receives baptism; then, "full of joy with all his people for having believed in God" (v. 34), he prepares the table and invites Paul and Silas to stay with them: the moment of consolation! In the middle of the night of this anonymous jailer, the light of Christ shines and defeats darkness: the chains of the heart fall and a joy never felt in him and in his family. Thus the Holy Spirit is doing the mission: from the beginning, from Pentecost onwards He is the protagonist of the mission. And it carries us forward, we need to be faithful to the vocation that the Spirit moves us to do. To bring the Gospel.
We also ask the Holy Spirit today for an open heart, sensitive to God and hospitable to his brothers, like that of Lydia, and a bold faith, like that of Paul and Silas, and also an opening of heart, like that of the jailer who lets himself be touched by the Holy Spirit.
Greetings in Various Languages:
Je salue cordialement les personnes de langue française, en particulier ceux qui participent au pèlerinage des élus et autres acteurs du monde politique de Martinique, accompagnés par Monseigneur David Macaire ; les Missionnaires de Jésus Sauveur qui célèbrent leur premier jubilé. La prédication et le témoignage de Paul, sous la mouvance de l’Esprit Saint, font jaillir au cœur des ténèbres illuminées par le Christ l’espérance du salut. Demandons la grâce d’être remplis de l’Esprit Saint, pour vivre dans l’hospitalité et pour avoir une foi audacieuse qui brise les barrières et libère la joie du vivre ensemble.
I greet the English-speaking pilgrims and visitors taking part in today’s Audience, especially the groups from England, Ireland, Denmark, Australia, Korea, Indonesia, Israel, the Philippines, Canada and the United States of America. Upon all of you, and your families, I invoke the joy and peace of our Lord Jesus Christ. God bless you!
Ein herzliches Willkommen den Pilgern deutscher Sprache, insbesondere der Gruppe aus der Pfarrei Sankt Martin Deggendorf in Begleitung von Weihbischof Josef Graf. Bitten wir den Heiligen Geist um ein offenes Herz, das empfänglich für Gott und gastfreundlich gegenüber den Brüdern und Schwestern ist. Bitten wir auch um einen mutigen Glauben, der uns wirklich frei macht.
Saludo cordialmente a los peregrinos de lengua española, venidos de España y de Latinoamérica. Pidamos al Espíritu Santo que nos dé un corazón abierto a Dios y acogedor con los demás, con una fe audaz capaz de romper las cadenas que nos oprimen a nosotros y a los demás. Que Dios los bendiga.
Dirijo uma cordial saudação aos peregrinos de língua portuguesa, nomeadamente aos fiéis brasileiros de São Bernardo do Campo, Santo André e Sorocaba. Agradeço a vossa presença e encorajo-vos a continuar a dar o vosso fiel testemunho cristão na sociedade. Deixai-vos guiar pelo Espírito Santo para crescerdes repletos dos seus frutos. De bom grado abençoo a vós e aos vossos entes queridos.
[I extend a cordial greeting to the Portuguese-speaking pilgrims, in particular to the Brazilian faithful of São Bernardo do Campo, Santo André and Sorocaba. In thanking you for your presence, I encourage you to continue your faithful Christian witness in society. Let yourself be guided by the Holy Spirit to grow full of its fruits. I gladly bless you and your loved ones!]أرحبُ بالحاضرينَ الناطقينَ باللغة العربية، وخاصةً بالقادمينَ من الأراضي المقدسة وتحديدًا من مدرسة راهبات الناصرة في حيفا، ومنَ الشرقِ الأوسط. إن الروحَ القدسَ هو مَن يُحيي الكنيسةَ ويرشِدَها في رسالتِها. وقد نِلناهُ نحنُ أيضًا في سِرّي المعموديّة والتثبيت. إن فتَحنا قلبَنا له وأصغَينا لإرشادِهِ، فسوف يقودُنا إلى خلاصِ نفوسِنا ويمنَحَنا القوّةَ لإعلانِ البشارةِ من أجل خلاصِ النفوسِ أجمَعين. ليُبارِكْكُم الربُّ جميعًا ويَحرُسْكُم دائمًا من الشرير!
[I extend a cordial welcome to the Arabic-speaking pilgrims, in particular to the school group of the Sisters of Nazareth of Haifa in the Holy Land, and to all those coming from the Middle East. It is the Holy Spirit that animates the Church and guides it in its mission. We also received this Spirit in Baptism and Confirmation. If we open our hearts to him and allow him to guide us, he will lead us to the salvation of our souls and give us the strength to announce the Gospel for the salvation of all souls. May the Lord bless you all and always protect you from the evil one!]
Serdecznie pozdrawiam polskich pielgrzymów. Drodzy bracia i siostry, zbliżamy się do uroczystości Wszystkich Świętych i do wspomnienia wszystkich wiernych zmarłych. Jak mówił św. Jan Paweł II, te dni „zachęca nas, byśmy skierowali wzrok ku niebu, które jest celem naszej ziemskiej pielgrzymki. Tam oczekuje nas radosna wspólnota świętych. Tam spotkamy się z naszymi drogimi zmarłymi”, za których teraz zanosimy modlitwę. Przeżywajmy tajemnicę świętych obcowania z nadzieją, która rodzi się ze zmartwychwstania Pana naszego Jezusa Chrystusa. Z serca wam błogosławię.
[I cordially greet the Polish pilgrims. Dear brothers and sisters, we are approaching the solemnity of All Saints and the memory of all the faithful departed. As Saint John Paul II said, these days "invite us to turn our gaze to Heaven, the goal of our earthly pilgrimage. There awaits the festive community of saints. There we will meet with our dear departed ", for which our prayer is now raised. We live the mystery of the communion of saints with the hope that springs from the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ. I bless you heartily!]
Dear brothers and sisters, my thoughts turn to the beloved Iraq, where protests during this month have caused numerous deaths and injuries. While I express my condolences for the victims and closeness to their families and the wounded, I invite the Authorities to listen to the cry of the population that asks for a dignified and peaceful life. I urge all Iraqis, with the support of the international community, to pursue the path of dialogue and reconciliation and to seek the right solutions to the challenges and problems of the country. I pray that those battered people will find peace and stability after so many years of war and violence, where they have suffered so much.
* * *
I warmly welcome the Italian-speaking pilgrims. In particular, I greet the Maestre Pie Venerini, who celebrate their general chapter and encourage them to follow the charism of Christian teaching with renewed enthusiasm, especially for the little ones. I greet the novices of the Sacred Family Congregation of Nazareth; and the parish groups, especially those of Quarto di Grossolengo, with the Bishop of Piacenza-Bobbio, Mons. Gianni Ambrosio, and those of Fondi. I greet the boys and girls of Teramo, who came today with their parish priest: welcome. I also greet the Municipal Council of Mileto, accompanied by the Bishop, Mons. Luigi Renzo; the San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital in Rome; the Italian Union blind and partially sighted; and the Liceo Galilei of Mondragone. Finally, I greet the young, the elderly, the sick and newlyweds. We see that they are many ... At the end of October we invoke Mary, Mother of Jesus and our Mother. Learn to address yourself by praying to her with the prayer of the Rosary. May Our Lady be your support on the path of following her Son, Jesus Christ.
Wow Hauntingly Beautiful Gregorian Chant "Dies Irae" - "Day of Wrath" about the Last Judgement - Listen and Share!
Dies irae is a Latin hymn attributed to either Thomas of Celano of the Franciscans (1200 – c. 1265)or to Latino Malabranca Orsini (d. 1294), lector at the Dominican studium at Santa Sabina.The hymn dates from at least the thirteenth century, though it is possible that it is much older, with some sources ascribing its origin to St. Gregory the Great (d. 604), Bernard of Clairvaux (1090–1153), or Bonaventure (1221–1274). The poem describes the Last Judgment, trumpet summoning souls before the throne of God, where the saved will be delivered and the unsaved cast into eternal flames. It is used as a sequence in the Requiem (Mass for the Dead or Funeral Mass). The FULL Lyrics are below the video:Last Judgement Triptych by Hans Memling triptych (Image above) (c. 1467 – 1471)
LISTEN to this Beautiful Chant found below the Lyrics and SHARE!
Lyrics in Latin-English: The Day Of Wrath
|Dies irae, dies illa,|
solvet saeculum in favilla,
teste David cum Sibylla.
|Thatday of wrath, that dreadful day,|
shall heaven and earth in ashes lay,
as David and the Sybil say.
|Quantus tremor est futurus,|
quando iudex est venturus,
cuncta stricte discussurus!
|What horror must invade the mind|
when the approaching Judge shall find
and sift the deeds of all mankind!
|Tuba mirum spargens sonum|
per sepulcra regionum,
coget omnes ante thronum.
|The mighty trumpet's wondrous tone|
shall rend each tomb's sepulchral stone
and summon all before the Throne.
|Mors stupebit et natura,|
cum resurget creatura,
|Now death and nature with surprise|
behold the trembling sinners rise
to meet the Judge's searching eyes.
|Liber scriptus proferetur,|
in quo totum continetur,
unde mundus iudicetur.
|Then shall with universal dread|
the Book of Consciences be read
to judge the lives of all the dead.
|Iudex ergo cum sedebit,|
quidquid latet apparebit:
nil inultum remanebit.
|For now before the Judge severe|
all hidden things must plain appear;
no crime can pass unpunished here.
|Quid sum miser tunc dicturus?|
quem patronum rogaturus?
cum vix iustus sit securus.
|O what shall I, so guilty plead?|
and who for me will intercede?
when even Saints shall comfort need?
|Rex tremendae maiestatis,|
qui salvandos salvas gratis,
salva me, fons pietatis.
|O King of dreadful majesty!|
grace and mercy You grant free;
as Fount of Kindness, save me!
|Recordare Iesu pie,|
quod sum causa tuae viae:
ne me perdas illa die.
|Recall, dear Jesus, for my sake|
you did our suffering nature take
then do not now my soul forsake!
|Quaerens me, sedisti lassus:|
redemisti crucem passus:
tantus labor non sit cassus.
|In weariness You sought for me,|
and suffering upon the tree!
let not in vain such labor be.
|Iuste iudex ultionis,|
donum fac remissionis,
ante diem rationis.
|O Judge of justice, hear, I pray,|
for pity take my sins away
before the dreadful reckoning day.
|Ingemisco, tamquam reus:|
culpa rubet vultus meus:
supplicanti parce Deus.
|Your gracious face, O Lord, I seek;|
deep shame and grief are on my cheek;
in sighs and tears my sorrows speak.
|Qui Mariam absolvisti,|
et latronem exaudisti,
mihi quoque spem dedisti.
|You Who did Mary's guilt unbind,|
and mercy for the robber find,
have filled with hope my anxious mind.
|Preces meae non sunt dignae:|
sed tu bonus fac benigne,
ne perenni cremer igne.
|How worthless are my prayers I know,|
yet, Lord forbid that I should go
into the fires of endless woe.
|Inter oves locum praesta,|
et ab haedis me sequestra,
statuens in parte dextera.
|Divorced from the accursed band,|
o make me with Your sheep to stand,
as child of grace, at Your right Hand.
flammis acribus addictis.
voca me cum benedictis.
|When the doomed can no more flee|
from the fires of misery
with the chosen call me.
|Oro supplex et acclinis,|
cor contritum quasi cinis:
gere curam mei finis.
|Before You, humbled, Lord, I lie,|
my heart like ashes, crushed and dry,
assist me when I die.
|Lacrimosa dies illa,|
qua resurget ex favilla.
iudicandus homo reus:
huic ergo parce Deus.
|Full of tears and full of dread|
is that day that wakes the dead,
calling all, with solemn blast
to be judged for all their past.
|Pie Iesu Domine,|
dona eis requiem. Amen.
|Lord, have mercy, Jesus blest,|
grant them all Your Light and Rest. Amen.