Sunday, March 4, 2018

Pope Francis "..Jesus’ Pasch a new worship begins, in the new temple, the worship of love, and the new temple is He himself." FULL TEXT + Video

Before the Angelus:
 Dear Brothers and Sisters, good morning!
Today’s Gospel, in John’s version, presents the episode in which Jesus drove out the merchants from the Temple of Jerusalem (Cf. John 2:13-25). He did this gesture, helping himself with a whip of cords and overturned the tables, saying: “You shall not make my Father’s house a house of trade!” (v. 16). This decisive action, carried out close to Passover, made a great impression on the crowd and aroused the hostility of the religious authorities and of all those that felt themselves threatened in their economic interests. But, how should we interpret it? It certainly wasn’t a violent action. So true is this that it didn’t provoke the intervention of the guardians of public order – of the police. No! But it was intended as a typical action of prophets who, in the name of God, often denounced abuses and excesses. The question posed is that of authority. In fact, the Jews asked Jesus: “What sign have you to show us for this doing?” (v. 18), namely, what authority do you have to do these things? As if asking for a demonstration that He was truly acting in the name of God.
To interpret Jesus’ gesture of cleansing God’s house, His disciples made use of a biblical text, treated in Psalm 69: “Zeal for thy house has consumed Me” (v. 9); so says the Psalm: “Zeal for thy house has consumed Me.” This Psalm is an invocation of help in a situation of extreme danger because of the hatred of enemies: the situation that Jesus will live in His Passion. Zeal for His Father and for His cause will lead Him to the cross: His is the zeal of love that leads to the sacrifice of Himself, not that false love that presumes to serve God through violence. In fact, the “sign” that Jesus will give, as proof of His authority, is precisely His Death and Resurrection. “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up,” He says (v. 19). And the evangelist notes: “He spoke of the temple of His body” (v. 21). With Jesus’ Pasch a new worship begins, in the new temple, the worship of love, and the new temple is He himself.
Jesus’ attitude, recounted in today’s evangelical page, exhorts us to live our lives seeking not our own advantage and interests, but for the glory of God who is love. We are called to always keep present those strong words of Jesus: “You shall not make my Father’s house a house of trade!” (v. 16). It’s awful when the Church slips on this attitude of making God’s house a market. These words help us to reject the danger of making our soul, which is God’s abode, a marketplace,  living in constant search for our benefit instead of in generous and solidary love. This teaching of Jesus is always timely, not only for the ecclesial communities but also for individuals, for civil communities and for society.  In fact, the temptation to take advantage of good activities, sometimes dutiful, is common, to cultivate private if not outright unlawful interests. It’s a grave danger, especially when it instrumentalizes God Himself and the worship due to Him, or the service to man, His image. That’s why Jesus used “strong ways” that time, to shake us from this mortal danger.
May the Virgin Mary support us in our commitment to make Lent a good occasion to acknowledge God as the only Lord of our life, removing from our heart and from our works every form of idolatry.
[Original text: Italian]  [ZENIT’s translation by Virginia M. Forrester]
After the Angelus:
 Dear Brothers and Sisters,
I greet you all, those from Rome, from Italy and from different countries, in particular, the pilgrims of the dioceses of Granada, Malaga, and Cordoba, in Spain. I greet the numerous parish groups, among them the faithful of Spinaceto, Milan, and Naples, as well as the young people of Azzano Mella and the Confirmation candidates of the diocese of Vicenza, whom I encourage — encourage! — to witness the Gospel with joy, especially among their contemporaries.
I wish you all a happy Sunday. Please, don’t forget to pray for me. Have a good lunch and goodbye!
[Original text: Italian]  [Blog SHARE of ZENIT’s translation by Virginia M. Forrester]

RIP Fr. Angelus Shaughnessy, OFM Cap. - Beloved Catholic Priest Dies - formerly of #EWTN Release:
Our confrere Angelus M. Shaughnessy, OFM Cap., passed to the Lord's eternal life on Friday, March 2, 2018, in his 89th year, after more than 67 years in vows as a Capuchin friar and 62 years a priest.  He was preceded in death by sisters Mary Elizabeth (Roth), Sr. Mary Cecilia (Anna Mae) CDP, Irene (Murray), Pauline (Adams Cucinelli) and Josephine (Laman), and by brothers Fr. Sigmund (John Joseph) OFM Cap., Paul and Joseph.  He is survived by sisters Regina (Sykes) and Bernadette (Higgins), and brother Bernard.
     Matthew Edmund Shaughnessy, fourth son and ninth child of John and Anna (Spang) Shaughnessy, was born on November 16, 1929, in Rochester, PA, and baptized at St. Cecilia Church by Capuchin pastor Fr. Hugh Rauwolf, OFM Cap., on November 24th.  After attending St. Cecilia Grade School, he entered St. Fidelis College and Seminary in Herman, PA in 1947.
Angelus3     A talented and capable athlete in his youth, Matthew turned down an offer to play professional baseball as a left-handed pitcher for the Cleveland Indians to enter the Capuchin Novitiate, where he received the religious name Angelus.  On July 14, 1950, Angelus professed his vows as a Capuchin Friar, making his perpetual profession three years later on July 14, 1953.  After receiving a Master’s Degree in Religious Education, Father Angelus was ordained a priest by Bishop John McNamara on June 4, 1955 in the Crypt Church of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, DC.
     In his early years as a priest, Angelus served as the "Director" of the Secular Franciscan Order while directing retreats in the Pittsburgh area.   In October of 1966, Father Angelus volunteered to work as a missionary in Papua New Guinea (PNG).
     Angelus2For the next 12 years, Angelus was spiritual director and teacher at the newly erected Saint Fidelis Seminary on the northern coast of the Madang Province.  In 1978 he was transferred to the Mendi Diocese in the Southern Highlands Province, and for the next two years did pastoral work among the people there. During the course of his ministry in Papua New Guinea, he worked with his friends and parishioners in building 11 permanent churches and three bush churches. While ministering to the needs of the people of PNG, Angelus would often say how proud he was to have presided over the baptisms of 1,227 men, women and children.
     In the summer of 1980, Father was reassigned to his home territory of Western Pennsylvania. Under the auspices of St. Fidelis Retreat Center, he conducted many parish missions and renewals, preached and directed retreats, accepted parish help-outs, days of recollection and appointments for personal individual counseling.
    Angelus5 Many remember him for the six years that our brother was visible on the Eternal Word Television Network in Birmingham, Alabama. There he served as Minister General for the emerging community of the Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word. He was happy to be a part of the apostolate at the network where he was able to become a familiar voice and presence to millions. 
     In 2007 our brother Angelus returned to Pittsburgh where he served as the National Executive Director of the Archconfraternity of Christian Mothers, following our brother Bertin Roll, OFM Cap., who had held the position for over 60 years. He delighted in letting people know that, after circling the globe four times and traveling thousands of miles over barely navigable terrain, he characterized the ministry with the Christian Mothers as “the good life — a taste of the hundredfold here on earth.”
     Our brother was blessed with many devoted and helpful friends. His interest in the spiritual life led many to seek him out for spiritual guidance. He loved being in the company of his friends and family, who were always ready to attend to his needs. In his last days he preferred the company of his visitors to the easement of his pain, forgoing medication so that he would be able to converse with those who came to see him.
    May this faithful servant of Christ now take his rest in the eternal fullness of the hundredfold, the taste of which so delighted him in work that only Sister Death could part him from it.

St. Augustine Church
(Our Lady of the Angels Parish)
Tuesday, March 6th
3-5 PM and 7-9 PM
with the Vigil Service at 8 PM.
Funeral Mass
St. Augustine Church
(Our Lady of the Angels Parish)
Wednesday, March 7th
11:00 AM
Burial will be at the Friars Plot
of St. Augustine Cemetery
immediately following the Mass. 
     We are grateful for the life of our brother Angelus. As he set out to fashion himself a model for the friars who would come after him, please know that any gift to our Capuchin brothers in his memory will help in the formation and education of our young friars and in our care and attention to our senior friars.

Pope Francis to #Nurses "Do not forget the "caress medicine"...A caress, a smile, is full of meaning for the sick person." FULL TEXT


Paul VI Hall
Saturday, 3 March 2018

Dear brothers and sisters, good morning!

I am pleased to meet you and, first of all, I would like to express my gratitude and my esteem for the work so precious that you carry out to many people and for the good of the whole society. Thank you, thank you so much!

I address my cordial greetings to the President and to the entire National Federation of Nursing Professions, which you represent today. Although coming from a long association tradition, this Federation can be called "newborn" and is now taking its first steps. Its constitution, confirmed by the Italian Parliament a few days ago, highlights the value of nursing professions and guarantees greater enhancement of your professionalism. With almost 450 thousand members, you form the largest Italian professional association, and represent a reference also for other categories of professionals. The common path that you accomplish allows you not only to have one voice and a greater contractual strength, but above all to share the values ​​and intentions that underlie your work.

The role of nurses in assisting the patient is truly irreplaceable. Like no other, the nurse has a direct and continuous relationship with the patients, takes care of them every day, listens to their needs and comes into contact with their own body, which takes care of them. It is peculiar to the approach to the care you take with your action, taking in full the needs of people, with the typical care that patients recognize, and which is a fundamental part of the process of healing and healing.

The international nursing ethical code, which is also inspired by the Italian code of ethics, identifies four fundamental tasks of your profession: "promoting health, preventing illness, restoring health and alleviating suffering" (Introduction). These are complex and multiple functions, which affect every area of ​​care, and which are carried out in collaboration with other professionals in the sector. The curative and preventive, rehabilitative and palliative character of your action requires a high level of professionalism, which requires specialization and updating, also due to the constant evolution of technology and care.

This professionalism, however, is not only manifested in the technical sphere, but also and perhaps even more in the sphere of human relations. Being in contact with doctors and relatives, as well as with the sick, become the crossroads of a thousand relationships in hospitals, places of care and homes that require attention, expertise and comfort. And it is precisely in this synthesis of technical skills and human sensibility that the value and preciousness of your work is fully manifested.

Taking care of women and men, of children and the elderly, in every phase of their life, from birth to death, you are engaged in a continuous listening, aimed at understanding what the needs of that patient are, in the phase he is going through. In fact, facing the singularity of every situation, it is never enough to follow a protocol, but it requires a continuous - and tiring! - effort of discernment and attention to the individual person. All of this makes of your profession a real mission, and of you "experts in humanity", called to perform an irreplaceable task of humanization in a distracted society, which too often leaves the weaker people on the margins, only interested in who "Worth", or meets criteria of efficiency or earning.

The sensitivity you acquire every day in contact with patients makes you promoters of the life and dignity of people. Be able to recognize the right limits of technique, which can never become an absolute and overshadow human dignity. Be attentive to the desire, sometimes unexpressed, of spirituality and religious assistance, which represents for many patients an essential element of sense and serenity of life, even more urgent in the fragility due to illness.

For the Church, the sick are people in whom Jesus is especially present, who identifies himself with them when he says: "I was sick and you visited me" (Mt 25:36). Throughout his ministry, Jesus has been close to the sick, he has approached them with love and so many have healed. Meeting the leper who asks him to be healed, he extends his hand and touches it (cf. Mt 8: 2-3). We must not overlook the importance of this simple gesture: the Mosaic law forbade touching the lepers and forbade them to approach the inhabited places. But Jesus goes to the heart of the law, which finds its compendium in the love of neighbor, and touching the the leper reduces the distance from him, so that he is no longer separated from the community of men and perceives, through a simple gesture, the closeness of God himself. Thus, the healing that Jesus gives him is not only physical, but reaches the heart, because the leper has not only been healed but has also felt loved. Do not forget the "caress medicine": it's so important! A caress, a smile, is full of meaning for the sick person. The gesture is simple, but brings it up, feels accompanied, feels close to healing, feels a person, not a number. Do not forget it. Being with the sick and exercising your profession, you yourself touch the sick and, more than any other, take care of their body. When you do so, remember how Jesus touched the leper: in a way that was not distracted, indifferent or annoyed, but attentive and loving, which made him feel respected and looked after. In doing so, the contact that is established with the patients leads them as a reverberation of the closeness of God the Father, of his tenderness for each of his children. Just tenderness: tenderness is the "key" to understanding the sick person. With the hardness one can not understand the sick. Tenderness is the key to understanding it, and it is also a precious medicine for healing. And tenderness passes from the heart to the hands, passes through a "touch" the wounds full of respect and love. Years ago, a religious man confided to me that the most touching sentence he had been addressed in his life was that of a patient whom he had witnessed in the terminal phase of his illness. "Thank you, Father," he had told him, "because she has always told me about God, without ever mentioning it": this makes tenderness. Here is the greatness of love that we address to others, which brings hidden within itself, even if we do not think about it, the very love of God. Never get tired of being close to people with this human and fraternal style, always finding the motivation and the push to carry out your task. Be careful, however, not to spend almost to consume you, as happens if you are involved in the relationship with patients to the point of being absorbed, living in first person all that happens to them. What you do is a weary job, as well as exposed to risks, and excessive involvement, combined with the hardness of the tasks and shifts, could make you lose the freshness and serenity you need. Be careful! Another element that makes the carrying out of your profession burdensome and sometimes unsustainable is the lack of personnel, which can not help improving the services offered, and which a wise administration can not in any way intend to be a source of savings. Aware of the task so demanding that you carry out, I take this opportunity to urge the patients themselves to never take what they receive from you for granted. You too, be sick, be attentive to the humanity of the nurses who assist you. Ask without demanding; not only do you expect a smile, but also offer it to those who dedicate themselves to you. In this regard, an elderly lady told me that, when she goes to the hospital for the care she needs, she is so grateful to the doctors and nurses for the work they do, who tries to get elegant and look good for give something back to them. No one then takes for granted what nurses do for him or her, but always nurtures for you the sense of respect and gratitude that is due to you. And with your permission, I would like to pay tribute to a nurse who saved my life. She was a nun nurse: an Italian, Dominican nun, who was sent to Greece as a very educated teacher ... But still as a nurse she arrived in Argentina. And when I was about to die at the age of twenty, it was she who told the doctors, even arguing with them: "No, this is not good, we need to give more". And thanks to those things, I survived. Thank you so much! Thank you. And I would like to mention it here, in front of you: Sr. Cornelia Caraglio. A good woman, even brave, to the point of discussing with the doctors. Humble, but sure of what he was doing. And many lives, so many lives are saved thanks to you! Why stay all day there, and see what happens to the patient. Thanks for all this! Greeting you, I express my hope that the Congress, which you will keep in the next days, is a fruitful opportunity for reflection, discussion and sharing. I invoke God's blessing on all of you; and you too, please, pray for me. And now - silently, because you are of different religious confessions - silently pray to God, Father of us all, to bless us. The Lord blesses all of you, and the sick people you care for. Thank you!

Sunday Mass Online : Sun. March 4, 2018 - Readings + Video - #Eucharist

Third Sunday of Lent

Lectionary: 29

Reading 1EX 20:1-17

In those days, God delivered all these commandments:
"I, the LORD, am your God,
who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that place of slavery.
You shall not have other gods besides me.
You shall not carve idols for yourselves
in the shape of anything in the sky above
or on the earth below or in the waters beneath the earth;
you shall not bow down before them or worship them.
For I, the LORD, your God, am a jealous God,
inflicting punishment for their fathers' wickedness
on the children of those who hate me,
down to the third and fourth generation;
but bestowing mercy down to the thousandth generation
on the children of those who love me and keep my commandments.

"You shall not take the name of the LORD, your God, in vain.
For the LORD will not leave unpunished
the one who takes his name in vain.

"Remember to keep holy the sabbath day.
Six days you may labor and do all your work,
but the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD, your God.
No work may be done then either by you, or your son or daughter,
or your male or female slave, or your beast,
or by the alien who lives with you.
In six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth,
the sea and all that is in them;
but on the seventh day he rested.
That is why the LORD has blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.

"Honor your father and your mother,
that you may have a long life in the land
which the LORD, your God, is giving you.
You shall not kill.
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not steal.
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
You shall not covet your neighbor's house.
You shall not covet your neighbor's wife,
nor his male or female slave, nor his ox or ass,
nor anything else that belongs to him."

OrEX 20:1-3, 7-8, 12-17

In those days, God delivered all these commandments:
"I, the LORD am your God,
who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that place of slavery.
You shall not have other gods besides me.

"You shall not take the name of the LORD, your God, in vain.
For the LORD will not leave unpunished
the one who takes his name in vain.

"Remember to keep holy the sabbath day.
Honor your father and your mother,
that you may have a long life in the land
which the Lord, your God, is giving you.
You shall not kill.
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not steal.
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
You shall not covet your neighbor's house.
You shall not covet your neighbor's wife,
nor his male or female slave, nor his ox or ass,
nor anything else that belongs to him."

Responsorial PsalmPS 19:8, 9, 10, 11.

R. (John 6:68c) Lord, you have the words of everlasting life.
The law of the LORD is perfect,
refreshing the soul;
The decree of the LORD is trustworthy,
giving wisdom to the simple.
R. Lord, you have the words of everlasting life.
The precepts of the LORD are right,
rejoicing the heart;
the command of the LORD is clear,
enlightening the eye.
R. Lord, you have the words of everlasting life.
The fear of the LORD is pure,
enduring forever;
the ordinances of the LORD are true,
all of them just.
R. Lord, you have the words of everlasting life.
They are more precious than gold,
than a heap of purest gold;
sweeter also than syrup
or honey from the comb.
R. Lord, you have the words of everlasting life.

Reading 2 1 COR 1:22-25

Brothers and sisters:
Jews demand signs and Greeks look for wisdom,
but we proclaim Christ crucified,
a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles,
but to those who are called, Jews and Greeks alike,
Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.
For the foolishness of God is wiser than human wisdom,
and the weakness of God is stronger than human strength.

Verse Before The GospelJN 3:16

God so loved the world that he gave his only Son,
so that everyone who believes in him might have eternal life.

GospelJN 2:13-25

Since the Passover of the Jews was near,
Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
He found in the temple area those who sold oxen, sheep, and doves,
as well as the money changers seated there.
He made a whip out of cords
and drove them all out of the temple area, with the sheep and oxen,
and spilled the coins of the money changers
and overturned their tables,
and to those who sold doves he said,
"Take these out of here,
and stop making my Father's house a marketplace."
His disciples recalled the words of Scripture,
Zeal for your house will consume me.
At this the Jews answered and said to him,
"What sign can you show us for doing this?"
Jesus answered and said to them,
"Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up."
The Jews said,
"This temple has been under construction for forty-six years,
and you will raise it up in three days?"
But he was speaking about the temple of his body.
Therefore, when he was raised from the dead,
his disciples remembered that he had said this,
and they came to believe the Scripture
and the word Jesus had spoken.

While he was in Jerusalem for the feast of Passover,
many began to believe in his name
when they saw the signs he was doing.
But Jesus would not trust himself to them because he knew them all,
and did not need anyone to testify about human nature.
He himself understood it well.

Saint March 4 : St. Casimir : Patron of Poland and Lithuania

October 3, 1458(1458-10-03), Wawel, Kraków
March 4, 1484, Hrodna, Belarus
1522, Rome by Pope Adrian VI
Major Shrine:
Vilnius Cathedral
Patron of:
patron saint of Poland and Lithuania
St Casimir was the third among the thirteen children of Casimir III, King of Poland, and of Elizabeth of Austria, daughter to the Emperor Albert II, a most virtuous woman, who died in 1505. He was born in 1458, on the 3rd of October. From his childhood he was remarkably pious and devout. His preceptor was John Dugloss, called Longinus, canon of Cracow, a man of extraordinary learning and piety, who constantly refused all bishoprics and other dignities of the church and state which were pressed upon him. Uladislas, the eldest son, was elected King of Bohemia in 1471, and became King of Hungary in 1490. Our saint was the second son; John Albert the third son, succeeded the father in the kingdom of Poland in 1492; and Alexander, the fourth son, was called to the same in 1501. Casimir and the other princes were so affectionately attached to the holy man, who was their preceptor, that they could not bear to be separated from him. But Casimir profited most by his pious maxims and example. He consecrated the flower of his age to the exercises of devotion and penance, and had a horror of that softness and magnificence which reign in courts His clothes were very plain, and under them he wore a hair shirt. His bed was frequently the ground, and he spent a considerable part of the night in prayer and meditation, chiefly on the passion of our Saviour. He often went out in the night to pray before the church-doors; and in the morning waited before them till they were opened to assist at matins. By living always under a sense of the divine presence he remained perpetually united to, and absorbed in, his Creator, maintained an uninterrupted cheerfulness of temper, and was mild and affable to all. He respected the least ceremonies of the church: everything that tended to promote piety was dear to him. He was particularly devout to the passion of our blessed Saviour, the very thought of which excited him to tears, and threw him into transports of love. He was no less piously affected towards the sacrifice of the altar, at which he always assisted with such reverence and attention that he seemed in raptures. And as a mark of his singular devotion to the Blessed Virgin, he composed, or at least frequently recited, the long hymn that bears his name, a copy of which was, by his desire, buried with him. His love for Jesus Christ showed itself in his regard for the poor, who are his members, to whose relief he applied whatever he had, and employed his credit with his father, and his brother Uladislas, King of Bohemia, to procure them succour. His compassion made him feel in himself the afflictions of every one.
Prince of Poland, born in the royal palace at Cracow, 3 October, 1458; died at the court of Grodno, 4 March, 1484. He was the grandson of Wladislaus II Jagiello, King of Poland, who introduced Christianity into Lithuania, and the second son of King Casimir IV and Queen Elizabeth, an Austrian princess, the daughter of Albert II, Emperor of Germany and King of Bohemia and Hungary. Casimir's uncle, Wladislaus III, King of Poland and Hungary, perished at Varna in 1444, defending Christianity against the Turks. Casimir's elder brother, Wladislaus, became King of Bohemia in 1471, and King of Hungary in 1490. Of his four younger brothers, John I, Albert, Alexander, and Sigismund in turn occupied the Polish throne, while Frederick, the youngest, became Archbishop of Gnesen, Bishop of Cracow, and finally cardinal, in 1493. The early training of the young princes was entrusted to Father Dlugosz, the Polish historian, a canon at Cracow, and later Archbishop of Lwów (Lemberg), and to Filippo Buonaccorsi, called Callimachus. Father Dlugosz was a deeply religious man, a loyal patriot, and like Callimachus, well versed in statecraft. Casimir was placed in the care of this scholar at the age nine, and even then he was remarkable for his ardent piety. When Casimir was thirteen he was offered the throne of Hungary by a Hungarian faction who were discontented under King Matthias Corvinus. Eager to defend the Cross against the Turks, he accepted the call and went to Hungary to receive the crown. He was unsuccessful, however, and returned a fugitive to Poland. The young prince again became a pupil of Father Dlugosz, under whom he remained until 1475. He was later associated with his father who initiated him so well into public affairs that after his elder brother, Wladislaus, ascended to the Bohemian throne, Casimir became heir-apparent to the throne of Poland. When in 1479 the king went to Lithuania to spend five years arranging affairs there, Casimir was placed in charge of Poland, and from 1481 to 1483 administered the State with great prudence and justice. About this time his father tried to arrange for him a marriage with the daughter of Frederick III, Emperor of Germany, but Casimir preferred to remain single. Shortly afterwards he fell victim to a severe attack of lung trouble, which, weak as he was from fastings and mortifications, he could not withstand. While on a journey to Lithuania, he died at the court of Grodno, 4 March 1484. His remains were interred in the chapel of the Blessed Virgin in the cathedral of Vilna. St. Casimir was possessed of great charms of person and character, and was noted particularly for his justice and chastity. Often at night he would kneel for hours before the locked doors of churches, regardless of the hour or the inclemency of the weather. He had a special devotion to the Blessed Virgin, and the hymn of St. Bernard of Clairvaux, "Omni die dic Maria mea laudes anima", was long attributed to him. After his death he was venerated as a saint, because of the miracles wrought by him. Sigismund I, King of Poland, petitioned the pope for Casimir's canonization, and Pope Leo X appointed the papal legate Zaccaria Ferreri, Bishop of Guardalfiera, the Archbishop of Gnesen, and the Bishop of Przemysl to investigate the life and miracles of Casimir. This inquiry was completed at Turn in 1520, and in 1522 Casimir was canonized by Adrian VI. Pope Clement VIII named 4 March as his feast. St. Casimir is the patron of Poland Lithuania, though he is honoured as far as Belgium and Naples. In Poland and Lithuania churches and chapels are dedicated to him, as at Rozana and on the River Dzwina near Potocka, where he is said to have contributed miraculously to a victory of the Polish army over the Russians. In the beginning of the seventeenth century King Sigismund III began at Vilna the erection of a chapel in honour of St. Casimir, which was finished under King Wladislaus IV. The building was designed by Peter Danckerts, of the Netherlands, who also adorned the walls with paintings illustrating the life of the saint. In this chapel is found an old painting renovated in 1594, representing the saint with a lily in his hand. Two other pictures of the saint are preserved, one in his life by Ferreri, and the other in the church at Krosno in Galicia. SOURCE: The Catholic Encyclopedia