Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Saint March 28 : St. Venturino of Bergamo : #Dominican


Feastday: March 28
 Birth: 1304
 Death: 1346
 Dominican preacher and missionary crusader. A native of Bergamo, Italy, he joined the Dominicans in 1319 and soon distinguished himself as a brilliant preacher, attracting huge crowds throughout northern Italy. Pleased with his ability to reach large numbers of believers, he announced in 1335 his intention to go on a pilgrimage to Rome. When Pope Benedict XII (r. 1334-1342) learned of the pilgrimage, he feared Venturino might be planning to crown himself pope, and so forbade the friar to proceed. Thisdecree was joined by one issued by the Dominicans themselves at the Chapter in London (1335). Ignorant of these bans, Venturino proceeded to Rome and then to Avignon where he was arrested and imprisoned until 1343. He is also known for helping to organize a crusade, at the behest of PopeClement VI (r. 1342-1352), against the Turks who were then menacing Europe.
Shared from Goasodiocese

Remembering Mother Angelica founder of EWTN who Died on March 27 - RIP at age 92

Anniversary of the death of Mother Angelica, the founder of the  Eternal Word Television Network who died on Sunday, March 27, 2016 at the age of 92. This is due to the "after effects of a stroke." “Mother has always and will always personify EWTN, the network that God asked her to found,” was the statement released by EWTN Chairman Michael Warsaw. Mother suffered a severe cerebral hemorrhage on Christmas Eve 2001 from which she never fully recovered. She was born with the name Rita Rizzo in Canton, Ohio, in 1923. Rita then entered the Poor Clares of Perpetual Adoration monastery in Cleveland at age 21. However she opened a new monastery in Alabama in 1962. History was made when with only $200, she began broadcasting a religious talk show from a TV studio at the monastery in 1981.  EWTN Catholic Network TV networks reach over 258 million households in over 145 counties. The National Catholic Register newspaper, and the Catholic News Agency both belong to EWTN.  The nonprofit organization received $46 million in 2013 nearly all from donations. 

Father Frank Pavone  the National Director of Priests for Life said “We have all lost a friend, a mentor, a spiritual mother, a voice of conscience, and a source of laughter and encouragement.” “I was able to thank her again personally for all she has done when I said Mass in her room just two weeks ago on March 13th and blessed her with a first class relic of Pope Saint John Paul II.” The Bishop of Birmingham n Alabama Robert J. Baker, also released a statement on WBRC-TV, "Mother Angelica brought the truth and the love and the life of the Gospel of Jesus to so many people, not only to our Catholic household of faith, but to many thousands of people who are not Catholic, in that beautiful way she had of touching lives, bringing so many people into the Catholic Faith." May she Rest in Peace.

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Pope Francis "In fact, only the Eucharist is able to satiate the hunger for the infinite and the desire of God..." FULL TEXT + Video


Piazza San Pieto
Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Catechesis on the "Our Father": 11. Give us our daily bread

Dear brothers and sisters, good morning!

Today we are going to analyze the second part of the "Our Father", the one in which we present our needs to God. This second part begins with a word that smells of everyday life: bread.

Jesus' prayer starts from a compelling question, which is very similar to the begging of a beggar: "Give us our daily bread!" This prayer comes from an evidence that we often forget, which is to say that we are not self-sufficient creatures, and that we need to feed ourselves every day.

The Scriptures show us that for so many people the encounter with Jesus was realized starting from a question. Jesus does not ask for refined invocations, on the contrary, all human existence, with its most concrete and daily problems, can become prayer. In the Gospels we find a multitude of beggars who beg for liberation and salvation. Who asks for bread, who heals her; some purification, others sight; or that a loved one can live again ... Jesus never passes indifferent next to these requests and these pains.

Therefore, Jesus teaches us to ask the Father for daily bread. And it teaches us to do it together with so many men and women for whom this prayer is a cry - often kept inside - that accompanies everyday anxiety. How many mothers and fathers, even today, go to sleep with the torment of not having enough bread tomorrow for their children! We imagine this prayer recited not in the security of a comfortable apartment, but in the precariousness of a room in which we adapt, where there is not enough to live. The words of Jesus take on new strength. Christian prayer begins at this level. It is not an exercise for ascetics; it starts from reality, from the heart and flesh of people who live in need, or who share the condition of those who do not have the necessary to live. Not even the highest Christian mystics can disregard the simplicity of this question. "Father, let there be the necessary bread for us and for everyone". And "bread" is also for water, medicine, home, work ... Ask for what is necessary to live.

The bread that the Christian asks for in prayer is not "mine" but "our" bread. This is what Jesus wants. He teaches us to ask for it not only for ourselves, but for the whole fraternity of the world. If we do not pray in this way, the "Our Father" ceases to be a Christian prayer. If God is our Father, how can we present ourselves to Him without taking our hands? All of us. And if the bread that He gives us we steal from us, how can we tell ourselves his children? This prayer contains an attitude of empathy, an attitude of solidarity. In my hunger I feel the hunger of the multitudes, and then I will pray to God until their request is granted. Thus Jesus educates his community, his Church, to bring the needs of all to God: "We are all your children, Father, have mercy on us!" And now it's good for us to stop a bit and think about hungry children. We think of the children who are in countries at war: the hungry children of Yemen, the hungry children in Syria, the hungry children in many countries where there is no bread, in South Sudan. We weigh these children and thinking of them together we say, aloud, the prayer: "Father, give us this day the daily bread". All together.

The bread that we ask of the Lord in prayer is the same one that one day will accuse us. We will be reproached for the little habit of breaking it with those close to us, the little habit of sharing it. It was a bread given for humanity, and instead it was eaten only by someone: love cannot bear this. Our love cannot stand it; nor can the love of God bear this egoism of not sharing bread.

Once upon a time there was a great crowd before Jesus; they were people who were hungry. Jesus asked if anyone had anything, and only one child was found willing to share his supply: five loaves and two fish. Jesus multiplied that generous gesture (see Jn 6: 9). That child had understood the lesson of the "Our Father": that food is not private property - let's put this in mind: food is not private property - but providence to share, with the grace of God.

The true miracle performed by Jesus that day is not so much the multiplication - which is true - but sharing: you give what you have and I will perform the miracle. He himself, multiplying that offered bread, anticipated the offering of Himself in the Eucharistic Bread. In fact, only the Eucharist is able to satiate the hunger for the infinite and the desire of God that animates every man, even in the search for daily bread.
Greetings in Various Languages: 
Je suis heureux de saluer les pèlerins venus de France et d’autres pays francophones. Je salue en particulier les prêtres du diocèse de Cambrai, avec leur évêque Mgr Dollmann, les membres de la Faculté de Droit canonique de Paris, les pèlerins d’Angers, ainsi que les nombreux jeunes venus de Paris, Rueil-Malmaison, Dreux, Aix-en-Provence, et d’autres lieux. Que la prière du Notre Père nous aide à demander le pain quotidien pour tous. Et que dans la recherche du pain quotidien, nous puissions témoigner que seule l’Eucharistie est susceptible de rassasier la faim d’infini et le désir de Dieu présents en chaque homme. Que Dieu vous bénisse !
I greet the English-speaking pilgrims and visitors taking part in today’s Audience, especially those from England, Ireland, Denmark, Japan and the United States of America. May the Lenten journey bring us to Easter with hearts purified and renewed by the grace of the Holy Spirit. Upon you, and your families, I invoke joy and peace in Christ our Redeemer!
Herzlich grüße ich die Brüder und Schwestern deutscher Sprache. Wir sind alle Kinder des Vaters im Himmel, der uns sieht und sich um uns kümmert. Dies schafft eine Gemeinschaft unter uns und ein Miteinanderteilen. Wir sind daher eingeladen, von diesen Gaben denen zu geben, die es brauchen und in Not sind. Ich wünsche euch allen einen guten Aufenthalt in Rom und eine gesegnete Fastenzeit.
Saludo cordialmente a los peregrinos de lengua española venidos de España y Latinoamérica. Pidamos al Señor que no nos haga faltar nuestro pan cotidiano, y nos ayude a comprender que este no es una propiedad privada sino, ayudados por su gracia, es providencia para compartir y oportunidad para salir al encuentro de los demás, especialmente de los pobres y necesitados. Que Dios los bendiga. Muchas gracias.
Dirijo uma cordial saudação aos peregrinos de língua portuguesa, em particular aos participantes no Convénio organizado pelo Instituto Sílvio Meira, aos alunos e professores do Instituto Nun’Álvares e aos fiéis de Cascavel e Hamilton no Canadá, encorajando todos a ser testemunhas do amor que Jesus nos demonstrou com o seu sacrifício na Cruz. Que a cruz seja o sinal duma vida de jubilosa doação ao próximo. De bom grado vos abençoo a vós e aos vossos entes queridos!
أُرحّبُ بالحجّاجِ الناطقينَ باللّغةِ العربيّة، وخاصةً بالقادمينَ من الشرق الأوسط. أيّها الإخوةُ والأخواتُ الأعزّاء، في بساطتها وجوهريّتها تربّي "صلاة الأبانا" من يصلّيها على عدم الإكثار في الكلام لأنَّ – وكما يقول لنا يسوع – "أَباكُم يَعلَمُ ما تَحتاجونَ إِلَيه قبلَ أَن تَسأَلوه"؛ لذلك فالخطوة الأولى للصلاة هي أن نسلِّم أنفسنا لله ولعنايته وطلباتنا تعبّر عن الثقة بالآب؛ وهذه الثقة بالذات تجعلنا نطلب ما نحن بحاجة إليه بدون قلق واضطراب. ليبارككم الرب!
[I warmly welcome the Arabic-speaking pilgrims, especially those from the Middle East! Dear brothers and sisters, in its simplicity and its essentiality, the "Our Father" educates those who pray to him not to multiply vain words, because - as Jesus himself says - "your Father knows what things you need before you ask them », For this reason the first step in prayer is the delivery of ourselves to God, and our questions express confidence in the Father; and it is precisely this trust that makes us ask for what we need without anxiety and agitation. The Lord bless you!]
Serdecznie pozdrawiam polskich pielgrzymów. Jutro, w Ogrodach Watykańskich, zostanie posadzony dąb z polskich lasów, jako znak żywych i mocnych więzów pomiędzy Stolicą Apostolską i Polską, która sto lat temu odzyskała swoją niepodległość. Właśnie 30 marca 1919 roku Stolica Apostolska uznała wolną Rzeczpospolitą Polską, nawiązując potem relacje dyplomatyczne. To drzewko jest również symbolem zaangażowania Polski na rzecz ochrony środowiska naturalnego. Dziękując Bogu za dar wolności, módlmy się, aby zawsze była używana dla wzrostu duchowego, kulturalnego i socjalnego waszego Narodu i dla integralnego rozwoju każdej osoby. Niech Bóg wam błogosławi!
As every year, next Friday and Saturday, we will meet for the traditional initiative: "24 hours for the Lord". Friday, at 5.00 pm, in the Vatican Basilica, I will celebrate the Penitential Liturgy. How significant it would be that even our churches, on this particular occasion, were open for a long time, to ask for God's mercy and welcome it in the Sacrament of Forgiveness.

* * *

I cordially welcome the Italian-speaking pilgrims.

I am pleased to welcome the pilgrims from the Dioceses of Palermo and Piazza Armerina, with the Bishops Mons. Corrado Lorefice and Mons. Rosario Gisana; and the parish groups, in particular that of Chiusi Stazione, accompanied by the Bishop Mons. Stefano Manetti.

I greet the United Movement of Employees 118 Sicily; the Free and Strong Association of Pontinia and the educational institutes, particularly those of Ladispoli, Fasano, Corropoli and Naples.

A special thought I address to young people, the elderly, the sick and newlyweds.

May the visit to the Tombs of the Apostles be for all of you an opportunity to grow in the love of God and to let yourselves be transformed by divine grace, which is stronger than any sin.

* * *

Dear brothers and sisters,

today we have the joy of having a person with us whom I wish to present to you. She is Sr. Maria Concetta Esu, of the Congregation of the Daughters of San Giuseppe di Genoni. And why do I do this?

Sister Maria Concetta is 85 years old, and has been a missionary in Africa for almost 60 years, where she serves as a midwife. An applause. I met her in Bangui, when I went to open the Jubilee of Mercy. There she told me that in her life she helped thousands of children be born. Wonderful! Also that day she had come from the Congo in Canoa - at 85 - to go shopping in Bangui.

In these days she came to Rome for a meeting with her sisters, and today she came to the audience with her Superior. So I thought I'd take this opportunity to give her a sign of gratitude and say a big thank you for her testimony!

Dear Sister, on my behalf and on behalf of the Church, I offer you an honor. It is a sign of our affection and of our "thank you" for all the work you have done among African sisters and brothers, in the service of life, of children, mothers and families.

With this gesture dedicated to you, I also intend to express my gratitude to all the missionaries, priests, religious and laity, who spread the seed of the Kingdom of God in every part of the world. Your work, dear missionaries, is great. You "burn" your life sowing the word of God with your testimony ... And in this world you do not make news. You are not news in the newspapers. Cardinal Hummes, who is in charge of the Brazilian episcopate, from all of Amazonia, often visits the cities and villages of the Amazon. And every time he arrives there - he told me himself - he goes to the cemetery and visits the tombs of the missionaries; so many young deaths for diseases against which they do not have antibodies. And he told me: "All of these deserve to be canonized", because they "burned" life in the service.

Dear brothers and sisters, Sister Maria Concetta, after this commitment, will return to Africa these days. Let us accompany it with prayer. And his example helps us all to live the Gospel where we are.

Thanks sister! The Lord bless you and Our Lady protect you.

Wow Pope Francis Awards 85 year old Missionary Nun who Delivered Babies in Africa for 60 years - Sr. Maria

Pope Francis awarded Italian missionary nun at General Audience. The Holy Father on Wednesday honoured Sr Maria Concetta Esu for her tireless work as a midwife in Africa over the past 60 years.
Sister Maria Concetta Esu is an Italian nun who for almost 60 years has devoted her life to missionary work in Africa. In her profession as a midwife, Sister Concetta has delivered thousands of babies and at 85 her commitment to children, mothers and families continues.

In recognition of her tireless efforts, Pope Francis at the end of his General Audience on Wednesday, honoured this Sister from the Congregation of the Daughters of St. Joseph of Genoni, telling her this accolade was “a sign of our affection and our ‘thanks’ for all the work you have done in the midst of our African brothers and sisters, in the service of life…”

The Pope told the pilgrims present that he had met Sr Maria Concetta in Bangui in the Central African Republic during his visit to open the Jubilee of Mercy in 2015, adding, “that day, too, she came from Congo in a canoe, … to do her shopping in Bangui.”

While honouring this religious sister, the Pontiff also took the opportunity to express his gratitude to all the missionaries, priests, religious and laity, who, he said, may not make the news, but “sow the seeds of the Kingdom of God in every part of the world.”

Sister Maria Concetta, who is in Rome for a meeting with her Congregation, is due to return to Africa to continue her work. Bidding her farewell, Pope Francis said, “Let us accompany her with prayer. And may her example help us all to live the Gospel wherever we are."
Edited and Shortened from a Vatican News va report by Lydia O'Kane
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#BreakingNews Elderly Women Use Canes to Stop Attacker of Catholic Priest in Edmonton, Canada at Church

After Mass  at Our Lady Queen of Poland Parish in south Edmonton, Canada, women parishioners used their canes to stop a man from attacking their priest.

As the priest was attacked, parishioners rushed in to help.

Edmonton police are investigating after a group of elderly women, armed with canes, protected their parish priest from an unprovoked assault.

Father Marcin Mironiuk had just finished leading evening mass at Our Lady Queen of Poland parish in south Edmonton on March 13, 2019 when he was approached by a young man he didn't recognize.

The stranger threw Mironiuk to the ground and wrapped his hands tightly around Mironiuk's neck, said Lorraine Turchansky, a spokesperson for the Catholic Archdiocese of Edmonton.

Fr. Mironiuk struggled to breathe, so parishioners responded with the only weapons they had  — their walking canes.

"They were elderly ladies who were very shocked, understandably, but they did manage to intervene," Turchansky said in an interview Tuesday with CBC Radio's Edmonton AM.

"They hit him with their canes and got him to release the priest."

The attacker loosened his grip on Mironiuk's neck and ran off, Turchansky said.

"Perhaps if they had been younger they would have had their cell phones out and would have been calling 911 but that wasn't the case here," Turchansky said.

Mironiuk, who declined an interview with CBC News, wasn't hurt in the attack.

Edmonton police confirmed that an investigation is ongoing, and that witnesses, armed with canes, helped scare off the alleged attacker.

Police described the suspect as a white man, five-foot-nine and about 25 years old. He had short dark hair and wore a red T-shirt and a black jacket. He smelled of liquor, police said.

Edited from CBC News
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Breathtaking Hymn Stabat Mater for Lent sung by Amazing Youth Choir - Will Touch your Heart!

 Stabat Mater is a 13th-century Catholic hymn to Mary. It imagines her suffering as Jesus Christ's mother during his crucifixion. Although not certain it is that Franciscan friar Jacopone da Todi or Pope Innocent III composed the text. This musical rendition is by Pergolesi who lived in 1736.

Stabat mater dolorosa
juxta Crucem lacrimosa,
dum pendebat Filius.

Cuius animam gementem,
contristatam et dolentem
pertransivit gladius.

O quam tristis et afflicta
fuit illa benedicta,
mater Unigeniti!

Quae mœrebat et dolebat,
pia Mater, dum videbat
nati pœnas inclyti.

Quis est homo qui non fleret,
matrem Christi si videret
in tanto supplicio?

Quis non posset contristari
Christi Matrem contemplari
dolentem cum Filio?

Pro peccatis suæ gentis
vidit Iesum in tormentis,
et flagellis subditum.

Vidit suum dulcem Natum
moriendo desolatum,
dum emisit spiritum.

Eia, Mater, fons amoris
me sentire vim doloris
fac, ut tecum lugeam.

Fac, ut ardeat cor meum
in amando Christum Deum
ut sibi complaceam.

Sancta Mater, istud agas,
crucifixi fige plagas
cordi meo valide.

Tui Nati vulnerati,
tam dignati pro me pati,
pœnas mecum divide.

Fac me tecum pie flere,
crucifixo condolere,
donec ego vixero.

Juxta Crucem tecum stare,
et me tibi sociare
in planctu desidero.

Virgo virginum præclara,
mihi iam non sis amara,
fac me tecum plangere.

Fac, ut portem Christi mortem,
passionis fac consortem,
et plagas recolere.

Fac me plagis vulnerari,
fac me Cruce inebriari,
et cruore Filii.

Flammis ne urar succensus,
per te, Virgo, sim defensus
in die iudicii.

Christe, cum sit hinc exire,
da per Matrem me venire
ad palmam victoriæ.

Quando corpus morietur,
fac, ut animæ donetur
paradisi gloria. Amen.
At the Cross her station keeping,
stood the mournful Mother weeping,
close to her Son to the last.

Through her heart, His sorrow sharing,
all His bitter anguish bearing,
now at length the sword has passed.

O how sad and sore distressed
was that Mother, highly blest,
of the sole-begotten One.

Christ above in torment hangs,
she beneath beholds the pangs
of her dying glorious Son.

Is there one who would not weep,
whelmed in miseries so deep,
Christ's dear Mother to behold?

Can the human heart refrain
from partaking in her pain,
in that Mother's pain untold?

For the sins of His own nation,
She saw Jesus wracked with torment,
All with scourges rent:

She beheld her tender Child,
Saw Him hang in desolation,
Till His spirit forth He sent.

O thou Mother! fount of love!
Touch my spirit from above,
make my heart with thine accord:

Make me feel as thou hast felt;
make my soul to glow and melt
with the love of Christ my Lord.

Holy Mother! pierce me through,
in my heart each wound renew
of my Savior crucified:

Let me share with thee His pain,
who for all my sins was slain,
who for me in torments died.

Let me mingle tears with thee,
mourning Him who mourned for me,
all the days that I may live:

By the Cross with thee to stay,
there with thee to weep and pray,
is all I ask of thee to give.

Virgin of all virgins blest!,
Listen to my fond request:
let me share thy grief divine;

Let me, to my latest breath,
in my body bear the death
of that dying Son of thine.

Wounded with His every wound,
steep my soul till it hath swooned,
in His very Blood away;

Be to me, O Virgin, nigh,
lest in flames I burn and die,
in His awful Judgment Day.

Christ, when Thou shalt call me hence,
be Thy Mother my defense,
be Thy Cross my victory;

While my body here decays,
may my soul Thy goodness praise,
Safe in Paradise with Thee.
— Translation by Edward Caswall, Lyra Catholica (1849)
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Today's Mass Readings and Video : Wednesday, March 27, 2019 - #Eucharist in Lent

Wednesday of the Third Week of Lent
Lectionary: 239

Reading 1 DT 4:1, 5-9

Moses spoke to the people and said:
"Now, Israel, hear the statutes and decrees
which I am teaching you to observe,
that you may live, and may enter in and take possession of the land
which the LORD, the God of your fathers, is giving you.
Therefore, I teach you the statutes and decrees
as the LORD, my God, has commanded me,
that you may observe them in the land you are entering to occupy.
Observe them carefully,
for thus will you give evidence
of your wisdom and intelligence to the nations,
who will hear of all these statutes and say,
'This great nation is truly a wise and intelligent people.'
For what great nation is there
that has gods so close to it as the LORD, our God, is to us
whenever we call upon him?
Or what great nation has statutes and decrees
that are as just as this whole law
which I am setting before you today?

"However, take care and be earnestly on your guard
not to forget the things which your own eyes have seen,
nor let them slip from your memory as long as you live,
but teach them to your children and to your children's children."

Responsorial PsalmPS 147:12-13, 15-16, 19-20

R. (12a)  Praise the Lord, Jerusalem.
Glorify the LORD, O Jerusalem;
praise your God, O Zion.
For he has strengthened the bars of your gates;
he has blessed your children within you.
R. Praise the Lord, Jerusalem.
He sends forth his command to the earth;
swiftly runs his word!
He spreads snow like wool;
frost he strews like ashes.
R. Praise the Lord, Jerusalem.
He has proclaimed his word to Jacob,
his statutes and his ordinances to Israel.
He has not done thus for any other nation;
his ordinances he has not made known to them.
R. Praise the Lord, Jerusalem.

Verse Before The GospelSEE JN 6:63C, 68C

Your words, Lord, are Spirit and life;
you have the words of everlasting life.

GospelMT 5:17-19

Jesus said to his disciples:
"Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets.
I have come not to abolish but to fulfill.
Amen, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away,
not the smallest letter or the smallest part of a letter
will pass from the law,
until all things have taken place.
Therefore, whoever breaks one of the least of these commandments
and teaches others to do so
will be called least in the Kingdom of heaven.
But whoever obeys and teaches these commandments
will be called greatest in the Kingdom of heaven."

Saint March 27 : St. Rupert of Salzburg - Austria

St. Rupert of Salzburg
Feast: March 27


Feast Day:
March 27
27 March 710, Salzburg, Austria
Patron of:
Salzburg, The State of Salzburg
First Bishop of Salzburg, contemporary of Childebert III, king of the Franks (695-711), date of birth unknown; died at Salzburg, Easter Sunday, 27 March, 718. According to an old tradition, he was a scion of the Frankish Merovingian family. The assumption of 660 as the year of his birth is merely legendary. According to the oldest short biographical notices in the "Mon. Germ. Script.", XI, 1-15, Rupert was noted for simplicity, prudence, and the fear of God; he was a lover of truth in his discourse, upright in opinion, cautious in counsel, energetic in action, far-seeing in his charity, and in all his conduct a glorious model of rectitude. While he was Bishop of Worms, the fame of his learning and piety drew many from far and wide. The report of the bishop's ability reached Duke Theodo II of Bavaria, who had placed himself at the head of the current ecclesiastical movement in Bavaria. Theodo sent Rupert messengers with the request that, he should come to Bavaria to revive, confirm, and propagate the spirit of Christianity there. Despite the work of early missionaries, Bavaria was only superficially Christian; its very Christianity was indeed to some extent Arian, while heathen customs and views were most closely interwoven with the external Christianity which it had retained. St. Rupert acceded to Theodo's request, after he had by messengers made himself familiar with the land and people of Bavaria. St. Rupert was received with great honour and ceremony by Theodo in the old residential town of Ratisbon (696). He entered immediately upon his apostolic labours, which extended from the territory of the Danube to the borders of Lower Pannonia, and upon his missionary journey came to Lorch. Thence he travelled to the lonely shores of the Wallersee, where he built a church in honour of Saint Peter, thereby laying the foundation of the present market-town of Seekirchen in the Newmarket district of Salzburg. From the Roman colony there Rupert obtained an account of the ancient Roman town of Juvavum, upon the site of which there still remained many more or less dilapidated buildings, overgrown with briars and brushwood.
Having personally verified the accuracy of this account concerning the place and position, Rupert requested Theodo, in the interests of his apostolic mission to the country, to give him the territory of Juvavum (which was still a place of considerable commerce) for the erection of a monastery and an episcopal see. The duke granted this petition, bequeathing the territory of Juvavum (the modern Salzburg), two square miles in area, to St. Rupert and his successors. At the foot of the precipice of the Monchberg, where once St. Maximus, a disciple of St. Severin, had suffered martyrdom with his companions (476), St. Rupert erected the first church in Salzburg, the Church of St. Peter, in honour of the Prince of the Apostles, as well as a monastery. Upon the lofty prominences (Nonnberg) to the southeast of the town, where the old Roman fortress once towered, he established a convent of nuns which, like the monastery of the Mönchberg, he placed under the protection and Rule of St. Benedict. To set his institutions upon a solid basis, Rupert repaired home, and returned with twelve companions besides his niece Ehrentraud (Erindruda), whom he made abbess over the Benedictine Convent of Nonnberg, while he with his twelve companions formed the first congregation of the famous Benedictine Monastery of St. Peter at Salzburg, which remains to the present day. St. Rupert thenceforth devoted himself entirely to the work of salvation and conversion which he had already begun, founding in connection therewith manny churches and monasteries — e.g., Maxglan, near Salzburg, Maximilianszelle (now Bischofshofen in Pongau), Altotting, and others. After a life of extraordinarily successful activity, he died at Salzburg, aided by the prayers of his brethren in the order; his body reposed in the St. Peterskirche until 24 Sept., 774, when his disciple and successor, Abbot-Bishop St. Virgil, had a portion of his remains removed to the cathedral. On 24 Sept., 1628, these relics were interred by Archbishop Paris von Ladron (1619-54) under the high altar of the new cathedral. Since then the town and district of Salzburg solemnize the feast of St. Rupert, Apostle of Bavaria and Carlnthia, on 24 September.
 In Christian art St. Rupert is portrayed with a vessel of salt in his hand, symbolizing the universal tradition according to which Rupert inaugurated salt-mining at Salzburg; this portrayal of St. Rupert is generally found upon the coins of the Duchy of Salzburg and Carinthia. St. Rupert is also represented baptizing Duke Theodo; this scene has no historical foundation. St. Rupert was the first Abbot-Bishop of Salzburg, for, as he established his foundations after the manner of the Irish monks, he combined in his own person the dignities of abbot and bishop. A similar combination of dignities existed also in Ratisbon and Freising. This twofold character of the bishop continued in Salzburg for nearly 300 years until the separation of the dignities was effected in 987 by Archbishop Friedrich I of Salzburg, Count of Chiemgau, the twenty-first Abbot of the Monastery of St. Peter. The period of St. Rupert's activity was until very lately a matter of great discussion. Formerly the opinion was held that the end of the fifth and beginning of the sixth centuries was the age of his missionary work, but, according to the most exhaustive and reliable investigations, the late seventh and early eighth centuries formed the period of his activity. This fact is established especially by the "Brevesnotitiae Salzburgenses", a catalogue of the donations made to the Church of Salzburg, with notices from the ninth century. In these latter Bishop St. Virgil, whose ministry is referred to 745-84, appears as a direct disciple of St. Rupert. It is forthwith evident that the assumption of the end of the sixth and beginning of the seventh centuries as the period of Rupert's activity is extremely doubtful, even apart from the fact that this view also involves the rejection of the catalogue of the bishops of Salzburg and of Easter Sunday as the day of Rupert's death. Many churches and places bearing Rupert's name, serve as surviving memorials of his missionary activity. A successor of St. Rupert, the present scholarly Abbot of St. Peters in Salzburg, Willibald Hauthaler, has written an interesting work upon this subject entitled "Die dem hl. Rupertus Apostel von Bayern geweihten Kirchen und Kapellen" (with map, Salzburg,  1885). (Taken from Catholic Encyclopedia)